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Photographic heritage and web 2.0: Flickr The Commons experience

  • Freixa-Font, Pere
In last years, many archives, libraries and museums are exploring, participating in, or simply using resources that social networks offer on the internet. The so-called web 2.0 has enabled a new context for these institutions to present their collections and activities to new users. The social networks have also allowed the exploration of new strategies for dissemination and communication. Flickr: The Commons  project, jointly developed by the Library of Congress and Flickr ’s photosharing and hosting platform, offers an attractive perspective for many of these institutions to enlarge the possibilities of indexing and of online communities research. This article presents the characteristics of the project, the strategies outlined by each participating institution and an evaluation of the results.

A New Meaning of Educational Television: from School to Audience’s Everyday Life

  • Fernández, Valerio
When analyzing the reception of different Latin American television genres, it can be seen how education is conceptualized –from the point of view of subjects inserted in their daily social practices– as more greatly linked to affectivity than to cognition, thus distinguishing it from knowledge generated through formal schooling. In this sense, television programming has come to be redefined as educational, based on the audiences’ needs in each of their different home environments. Reception studies show that various programs are frequently classified as «educational programs », including news/journalistic programs, entertainment and fictional shows. This presents an opportunity for organizations and professionals of television to contribute to the improvement in the quality of life of their audience members, especially children and adolescents. With regards to the specific challenges that Latin American public television face, it is necessary to shift the axis from propaganda/situational to audiovisual programs that take into account the verbalized needs of various research projects in the region, especially for social groups that suffer not only financial disadvantages, but also those dealing with insecurity and ethnic exclusion.

IRC 2.0. Social media for information, relationship, and communication in the web 2.0 era

  • Fumero-Reverón, Antonio
The rapid pace at which trends, news, tools, technologies, devices, services, etc. come and go in our information society requires of every citizen a certain capacity to internalize the perceived complexity behind the metaphors we are used to hearing from IT professionals, as well as to assess the impact of these changes on everyday life. The article briefly introduces and develops a simplified model that helps in presenting three key phenomena that are relevant enough for understanding the current developmental stage of the Web as most visible part of the Network itself. It is based on three elements (infotechnologies, people and content) and it is developed along three axes (information, relations and communication). The model also wants to serve the reader as an intellectual and conceptual tool to delve into any of its dimensions.

Problemes d'intel·lecció en el "Curial e Güelfa". La traducció com a eina per a la millora del coneixement dels clàssics medievals

  • Ortuño, M.
En aquest treball fem palesa la utilitat dels contrastos traductològics com a eina fonamental en la interpretació del sentit o significat d’una obra i un lèxic allunyat cronològicament de l’actualitat, com és el cas del "Curial e Güelfa", ja que les perspectives diverses dels traductorsd’una mateixa obra literària, així com els estudis ben fonamentats sobre el text en qüestió, contribueixen de manera eficaç a la consecució de l’objectiu de tot traductor: trobar les millors solucions lèxiques a fi de poder transmetre de la manera més fidel possible la intencionalitat i el sentit d’una obra del passat.

Exterior and Interior War: The Fundament of Allegory in Calderón

  • Galván, Luis
This paper proposes an analysis of the semantic structure of the calderonian auto La serpiente de metal, combining the concepts of allegory and typology (taken from Biblical exegesis), those of symbol and sign (as defined by Niklas Luhmann), and those of meaning, fulfillment and evidence (according to Edmund Husserl’s Phenomenology). The structure of the auto is shown to be paradoxical, the reality of historical events being based on the evidence of things unseen, the spiritual meaning of salvation.

Emerging applications of competitive intelligence in the universities

  • García-Alsina, Montserrat
  • Ortoll, Eva
  • López-Borrull, Alexandre
Different authors have pointed out the importance of applying competitive intelligence (CI) to non-business sectors (public administration, universities, non-governmental organizations, etc.). Besides, universities increasingly apply management tools and techniques coming from the business field. On the other hand, in recent years universities have perceived an environmental pressure as a consequence of a) their implication in regional development where they are located, and b) their need to reform their program offerings according to the needs of society and the requirements of the labour market, as well as a result of the process of adapting their degrees to the European Higher Education Area (Bologna process). This paper describes and characterises CI practices in the universities and analyses the CI contribution to the design of degree courses. The research is based on qualitative methods, and data were collected through interviews. Results suggest that the use of CI in universities is mainly reactive, and addressed only to organisational tactics.

Teaching for the profession or for science, a false choice?

  • García-Marco, Francisco-Javier
The impact on library and information science (LIS) education of a recent study by Richard Arum and Josipa Roksa (2011) about the acquisition of some basic competencies (critical thinking, complex reasoning, advanced writing) is discussed. Such competencies, which are very important to get the best paid jobs, must be developed through proper learning strategies: reading abundant material of the highest quality, comparing and integrating this material, applying it to new situations and problems, and appropriate written communication of ideas and findings.

Information psychology and sociology: a practical and theoretical need

  • García-Marco, Francisco-Javier
The role of the psychology and sociology of information is discussed in the five main interdisciplinary areas of library and information science: information services management, information systems engineering, information retrieval, information structure and dynamics, and information science theory. In recent years, after the impact of technological change has been progressively accommodated, psychological and sociological perspectives are assuming a growing importance in our discipline.

The information pyramid revisited: enriching the cognitive sciences model

  • García-Marco, Francisco-Javier
The information pyramid, or DIKW hierarchy, is a key construct in information science and other related disciplines. Its concept, history and criticism are presented. Thereafter, the pyramid is enriched with the contributions of cognitive sciences in the last decades, and an enlarged model is proposed. Finally, a discussion of the different levels of the pyramid is presented from the point of view of the architecture of the human information system: data, information, knowledge and wisdom. As a result of very different points of view, the model is full of ambiguities and alternative interpretations, but nevertheless remains a fertile metaphor and a point of reference for the intra-disciplinary and trans-disciplinary dialog at the maximum level of abstraction.

Use of Twitter and Facebook by Iberoamerican media

  • García-de-Torres, Elvira
  • Yezers'Ka, Lyudmyla
  • Rost, Alejandro
  • Calderín, Mabel
  • Edo, Concha
  • Rojano, Miladys
  • Said, Elías
  • Jerónimo, Pedro
  • Arcila, Carlos
  • Serrano, Ana
  • Badillo, Jorge
  • Corredoira, Loreto
The aim of the present study is to examine the use of social media by 27 news outlets from Argentina, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, Portugal, Spain and Venezuela. To determine how these news media receive and disseminate information as well as interact with their audience, the research method combines analysis of Twitter and Facebook  profiles and semi-structured interviews.

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