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Active Audiences in the Regulation of the Audiovisual Media. Consumer versus Citizen in Spain and Mexico

  • Cobo, Carmen
  • Otero, Juan
  • Flores, Rogelio
Media audience has been conceived, traditionally, as a group of citizens or consumers. In the Media environment, citizens exercise their communication rights and participate in the public sphere; consumers, on the other hand, consume audiovisual products in a specific market. In the citizen perspective, audiovisual communication serves the public interest and democratic values; in the consumer one, it serves private and individual interests. This paper studies the main academic positions referred to the dichotomy citizen – consumer, attending particularly to the investigations of Peter Dahlgren on relations between Media and Democracy; of Richard Collins, on Audiovisual Policy; and of Sonia Livingstone on public sphere, audience participation and Media governance. After this theoretical approach, the paper analyzes the presence of these conceptions of the audience in the audiovisual legal systems of two countries: Spain and Mexico. These two countries are modifying their legal framework. As a conclusion, it appears that the different conceptions of the audience –as consumers or as citizens– are in a close relationship with the different ways of Media control and accountability.
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Estudi de les unitats fraseológiques de la tercera esfera des d'una perspectiva diacrònica

  • Ortuño, Maria
  • López, Elena
Fins ara, les unitats fraseològiques havien estat tradicionalment estudiades en sincronia o, a tot estirar, tenint en consideració un punt concret en el passat. Amb aquest estudi, pretenem fer una anàlisi diacrònica —de l’evolució— d’algunes UFs que considerem especialment representatives, com ho són les de la tercera esfera, que, segons Corpas, són els enunciats fraseològics. Iniciarem l’article amb una breu descripció del concepte d’unitat fraseològica i, posteriorment, ens centrarem en les unitats que conformen la tercera esfera. Tractarem amb més profunditat la definició, l’origen i el tipus d’unitats que s’apleguen sota aquest terme. A continuació, analitzarem amb més aprofundiment un parell d’exemples representatius, com són una oronella no fa estiu i fer orelles sordes. Aquests exemples ens permetran observar les característiques generals del processos de fraseologització i canvi fraseològic.
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Film archives at the crossroads. Function and expansion of film archive activity in the new digital landscape

  • García-Casado, Pablo
  • Alberich-Pascual, Jordi
The intense digital change that is taking place in the world of cinema presents significant future challenges for film archives. This article reviews the extent to which the basis for the activities of film libraries founded in the 1930s remains valid in the information age, along with key debates questioning their identity and role in the 21st century. We explore the lines of film archives expansion that are being drawn in the current digital context, and finally offer a response to the crossroads that film libraries face today if they do not want to become isolated.
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Critical training of mass media information scientists

  • García-Gutiérrez, Antonio
  • Martínez-Ávila, Daniel
This study takes the old myth of objectivity in the media discourse to one of the most relevant and unperceived actors of the process of its construction: the mass media information scientist or documentalist. Accepting the subjective presence of the documentalist in his/her productions, this article opts for the recognition and explicit statement of it through two actions: first, the review of the training process of mass media documentalists in public higher education institutions in such a way that technical training and critical training are combined. For this, we analyze the subjects in the syllabi of the their education programs in order to detect the deficiencies according to the objectives of the study. Finally, we propose alternative lines of training that can contribute to the transversal inclusion of critical training of mass media documentalists in those programs.
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The new thesaurus standard: UNE ISO 25964-1

  • García-Marco, Francisco-Javier
The first part of the Spanish translation and adaptation of the ISO 25964 Information and documentation standard is analyzed: Thesauri and interoperability With Other vocabularies - Part 1: Thesauri for information retrieval will become the new UNE ISO 25964-1. Innovations and implications are presented and discussed, with particular attention to the developments that have been implemented toensure that thesauri become fully interoperable technically and linguistically, so that all the advantages that they offer in an increasingly globalized and interconnected environment can be promoted, offering their strengths to the Semantic Web project.
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A perfect fit: ISO 30300 and integrated business management systems

  • García-Morales, Elisa
This reflection is based on practical experience with the redefinition of a document management system based on ISO 30301 in a company that has adopted an integrated management system. Records and documents management is being reoriented from paper files and large quantities of scanned documents, towards electronic document management and the paperless office. We have designed a system that fits perfectly in the integrated system so that the Records Management System becomes a keys trategic element for organizational change.
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Process maps and process-oriented document management

  • García-Morales, Elisa
The process map is a tool that helps in transforming company management to a process orientation. Records and information maps are a useful tool to determine the records in the processes and their characteristics. Their purpose is to support records management and ultimately information governance. The recommendation is made to move towards a complete cartography of information governance, mapping other aspects such as risk management, IT maps applications, and systems and information security.
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Lagrangian analysis of multiscale particulate flows with the particle finite element method

  • Oñate, Eugenio
  • Celigueta, Miguel Angel
  • Latorre, S.
  • Casas, G.
  • Rossi, R.
  • Rojek, J.
We present a Lagrangian numerical technique for the analysis of flows incorporating physical particles of different sizes. The numerical approach is based on the Particle Finite Element Method (PFEM) which blends concepts from particle-based techniques and the FEM. The basis of the Lagrangian formulation for particulate flows and the procedure for modelling the motion of small and large particles that are submerged in the fluid are described in detail. The numerical technique for analysis of this type of multiscale particulate flows using a stabilized mixed velocity-pressure formulation and the PFEM is also presented. Examples of application of the PFEM to several particulate flows problems are given.
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A particle finite element method for analysis of industrial forming processes

  • Oñate, E.
  • Franci, A.
  • Carbonell, J.M.
We present a generalized Lagrangian formulation for analysis of industrial forming processes involving thermally coupled interactions between deformable continua. The governing equations for the deformable bodies are written in a unified manner that holds both for fluids and solids. The success of the formulation lays on  a  residual-based  expression of the mass conservation equation obtained using the Finite Calculus (FIC) method that provides the necessary stability for quasi/fully incompressible situations. The  governing equations are discretized with the FEM via a mixed formulation using simplicial elements with equal linear interpolation for the velocities, the pressure and the temperature. The merits of the formulation  are demonstrated in the solution of 2D and 3D thermally-coupled forming processes using the Particle Finite Element Method (PFEM).
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Lagrangian analysis of multiscale particulate flows with the particle finite element method

  • Oñate, E.
  • Celigueta, M.A.
  • Latorre, S.
  • Casas, G.
  • Rossi, R.
  • Rojek, J.
We present a Lagrangian numerical technique for the analysis of flows incorporating physical particles of different sizes. The numerical approach is based on the Particle Finite Element Method (PFEM) which blends concepts from particle-based techniques and the FEM. The basis of the Lagrangian formulation for particulate flows and the procedure for modelling the motion of small and large particles that are submerged in the fluid are described in detail. The numerical technique for analysis of this type of multiscale particulate flows using a stabilized mixed velocity-pressure formulation and the PFEM is also presented. Examples of application of the PFEM to several particulate flows problems are given.
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