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Collaborative semantic editing of linked data lexica.

  • Montiel-Ponsoda, Elena
  • McCrae, J.
  • Cimiano, Philipp
The creation of language resources is a time-consuming process requiring the efforts of many people. The use of resources collaboratively created by non-linguists can potentially ameliorate this situation. However, such resources often contain more errors compared to resources created by experts. For the particular case of lexica, we analyse the case of Wiktionary, a resource created along wiki principles and argue that through the use of a principled lexicon model, namely lemon, the resulting data could be better understandable to machines. We then present a platform called lemon source that supports the creation of linked lexical data along the lemon model. This tool builds on the concept of a semantic wiki to enable collaborative editing of the resources by many users concurrently. In this paper, we describe the model, the tool and present an evaluation of its usability based on a small group of users.

Crack origin and detection in thin cristallyne solar cells in a production line

  • Cereceda, Eneko
  • Gutierrez, José Rubén
  • Jimeno, Juan Carlos
  • Barredo Egusquiza, Josu
  • Fraile de Lerma, Alberto
  • Alarcón Álvarez, Enrique
  • Ostapenko, Sergei
  • Martínez, A.
  • Vázquez, M.A.
In order to reduce cost and make up for the rising price of silicon, silicon wafers are sliced thinner and wider,eading to weaker wafers and increased breakage rates during fabrication process. In this work we have analysed different cracks origins and their effect on wafer’s mechanical strength. To enhance wafer’s strength some etching methods have been tested. Also, we have analysed wafers from different points of an entire standard production process. Mechanical strength of the wafers has been obtained via the four line bending test and detection of cracks has been tested with Resonance Ultrasonic Vibration (RUV) system, developed by the University of South Florida.

Methodology for developing a Speech into Sign Language Translation System in a New Semantic Domain

  • Lopez Ludeña, Veronica
  • San Segundo Hernández, Rubén
  • González Morcillo, Carlos
  • López López, Juan Carlos
  • Pardo Muñoz, José Manuel
This paper proposes a methodology for developing a speech into sign language translation system considering a user-centered strategy. This method-ology consists of four main steps: analysis of technical and user requirements, data collection, technology adaptation to the new domain, and finally, evalua-tion of the system. The two most demanding tasks are the sign generation and the translation rules generation. Many other aspects can be updated automatical-ly from a parallel corpus that includes sentences (in Spanish and LSE: Lengua de Signos Española) related to the application domain. In this paper, we explain how to apply this methodology in order to develop two translation systems in two specific domains: bus transport information and hotel reception.

Diseño y ejecución de la estructura soporte de camaras de coque

  • Martín Gil, Diego
El diseño de las estructuras que se utilizan para albergar las cámaras de coque posee unas particularidades derivadas de las características intrínsecas del proceso de coquizado. Las cámaras de coque tienen diámetros de más de 10m y longitudes de más de 40m, pesos en vacío de unas 400t y en operación de más de 3500t. La altura a la que suelen estar colocadas es de unos 25 m sobre el suelo y alrededor y sobre las mismas se ha de construir una estructura metálica que llega a los 120m de altura sobre el suelo. La construcción tiene también una serie de condicionantes a causa del método constructivo, que se resume en la ejecución de la estructura de hormigón inferior, una vez posicionadas las cámaras de coque se procede al izado y anclado de subestructuras metálicas a sus posiciones definitivas. Las grúas necesarias para realizar esas operaciones, de más de 1500t de capacidad de carga y alturas que superan los 150m, también determinan las fases y espacios necesarios para desarrollar los trabajos.

Prediction of wake effects on wind farm power production using a RANS approach. Part II. Offshore: Case studies from the UPWIND project

  • Cabezón Martínez, Daniel
  • Sumner, J.
  • Crespo Martínez, Antonio
The estimation of power losses due to wind turbine wakes is crucial to understanding overall wind farm economics. This is especially true for large offshore wind farms, as it represents the primary source of losses in available power, given the regular arrangement of rotors, their generally largerdiameter and the lower ambient turbulence level, all of which conspire to dramatically affect wake expansion and, consequently, the power deficit. Simulation of wake effects in offshore wind farms (in reasonable computational time) is currently feasible using CFD tools. An elliptic CFD model basedon the actuator disk method and various RANS turbulence closure schemes is tested and validated using power ratios extracted from Horns Rev and Nysted wind farms, collected as part of the EU-funded UPWIND project. The primary focus of the present work is on turbulence modeling, as turbulent mixing is the main mechanism for flow recovery inside wind farms. A higher-order approach, based on the anisotropic RSM model, is tested to better take into account the imbalance in the length scales inside and outside of the wake, not well reproduced by current two-equation closure schemes.

Decentralized multi-tasks distribution in heterogeneous robot teams by means of ant colony optimization and learning automata

  • Quiñonez Carrillo, Alma Yadira
  • Lope Asiaín, Javier de
  • Maravall Gomez-Allende, Darío
This paper focuses on the general problem of coordinating multiple robots. More specifically, it addresses the self-election of heterogeneous specialized tasks by autonomous robots. In this paper we focus on a specifically distributed or decentralized approach as we are particularly interested on decentralized solution where the robots themselves autonomously and in an individual manner, are responsible of selecting a particular task so that all the existing tasks are optimally distributed and executed. In this regard, we have established an experimental scenario to solve the corresponding multi-tasks distribution problem and we propose a solution using two different approaches by applying Ant Colony Optimization-based deterministic algorithms as well as Learning Automata-based probabilistic algorithms. We have evaluated the robustness of the algorithm, perturbing the number of pending loads to simulate the robot’s error in estimating the real number of pending tasks and also the dynamic generation of loads through time. The paper ends with a critical discussion of experimental results.

Risk analysis for UAV safe operations: a rationalization for an agricultural environment

  • Sanz Muñoz, David
  • Pereira Valente, Joao Ricardo
  • Cerro Giner, Jaime del
  • Frutos Carro, Miguel Ángel de
  • Roldán Gómez, Juan Jesús
  • Barrientos Cruz, Antonio
The road to the automation of the agricultural processes passes through the safe operation of the autonomous vehicles. This requirement is a fact in ground mobile units, but it still has not well defined for the aerial robots (UAVs) mainly because the normative and legislation are quite diffuse or even inexistent. Therefore, to define a common and global policy is the challenge to tackle. This characterization has to be addressed from the field experience. Accordingly, this paper presents the work done in this direction, based on the analysis of the most common sources of hazards when using UAV's for agricultural tasks. The work, based on the ISO 31000 normative, has been carried out by applying a three-step structure that integrates the identification, assessment and reduction procedures. The present paper exposes how this method has been applied to analyze previous accidents and malfunctions during UAV operations in order to obtain real failure causes. It has allowed highlighting common risks and hazardous sources and proposing specific guards and safety measures for the agricultural context.

Application of self-organizing techniques for the distribution of heterogeneous multi-tasks in multi-robot systems

  • Quiñonez Carrillo, Alma Yadira
  • Maravall Gomez-Allende, Darío
  • Lope Asiaín, Javier de
This paper focuses on the general problem of coordinating of multi-robot systems, more specifically, it addresses the self-election of heterogeneous and specialized tasks by autonomous robots. In this regard, it has proposed experimenting with two different techniques based chiefly on selforganization and emergence biologically inspired, by applying response threshold models as well as ant colony optimization. Under this approach it can speak of multi-tasks selection instead of multi-tasks allocation, that means, as the agents or robots select the tasks instead of being assigned a task by a central controller. The key element in these algorithms is the estimation of the stimuli and the adaptive update of the thresholds. This means that each robot performs this estimate locally depending on the load or the number of pending tasks to be performed. It has evaluated the robustness of the algorithms, perturbing the number of pending loads to simulate the robot’s error in estimating the real number of pending tasks and also the dynamic generation of loads through time. The paper ends with a critical discussion of experimental results.

Tomas Lopez's Geographic Atlas of Spain (1787) and its Hydrographic Network: GIS analysis of the Reyno de Jaen

  • San Antonio Gomez, Jose Carlos de
  • Manzano Agugliaro, Francisco
  • Martínez García, Josefina
Knowledge of the development of hydrographic networks can be useful for a number of research works in hydraulic engineering. We thus, intend to analyse the cartography regarding the first work that systematically encompasses the entire hydrographic network: Tomas Lopez’s Geographic Atlas of Spain (1787). In order to achieve this goal, we will first analyze –by way of the Geographic Information System (GIS) – both the present and referred historical cartographies. In comparing them, we will use the then-existing population centres that correspond to modern ones. The aim is to compare the following research variables in the hydrographic network: former toponyms, length of riverbeds and distance to population centres. The results of this study will show the variation in the riverbeds and the probable change in their denomination.

A New Collaboration Between Josep Lluís Sert and Joan Miró on Their Return to Spain: From the Republic Pavilion to Joan Miró Studio

  • Pérez Moreno, Lucía Carmen
  • Díez Medina, Carmen
Ponencia publicada en las Actas del Congreso Internacional de la EAHN (EUROPEAN ARCHITECTURAL HISTORY NETWORK), celebrado en Bruselas del 31 Mayo -3 Junio 2012.

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