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El cas de la Mireia: unitat didàctica sobre el sistema nerviós i endocrí

  • Aragay, Marçal
  • Capdevila, Júlia
  • Costejà, Laura
Unitat didàctica de GES1 (primer nivell del graduat en educació secundària obligatòria per a persones adultes) (especialitat Ciències Naturals). El·laborada dins el Màster de Formació del Professorat d'Educació Secundària i Batxillerat UPF-UOC, Tutor: Ivan Marchán, Mentor: Joan Ramírez, En aquesta Unitat Didàctica introduïm a l’aula el sistema nerviós, el sistema endocrí i la relació entre ambdós sistemes, utilitzant una metodologia contextualitzada per tal d’aconseguir un aprenentatge més significatiu de l’alumnat de GES1 del CFA Freire. Amb aquest objectiu, hem dissenyat una UD que parteix d’un cas mèdic “El cas de la Mireia”, pensat per a que sigui proper per l’alumnat, i que a la vegada és el fil conductor de totes les sessions. La nostra protagonista és una noia jove que pateix insomni i estrès, té uns hàbits "normals" tot i que poc saludables (fuma, pren molt cafè, és bevedora social) i al llarg del temps desenvolupa una diabetis. A cada classe es tracten i s’amplien diferents aspectes del cas, fent-lo evolucionar a mida que l’alumnat va adquirint els diferents coneixements sobre tots dos sistemes. Com a activitats estrella, duem a terme una sessió pràctica al laboratori amb puces d'aigua per observar l'efecte de la cafeïna, la nicotina i l'alcohol (consumides per la Mireia) sobre el seu ritme cardíac i proposem un role-play per explicar la sinapsi neuronal. L'alumnat s’organitza en equips mèdics per resoldre el cas (fomentant el treball col·laboratiu) i a la darrera sessió és celebra un simposi per a presentar i discutir els resultats de cada equip: diagnòstic, recomanacions de tractament, propostes de canvi d'hàbits... El CESIRE ens cedeix els microscopis i les puces d'aigua.
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Controlling the powers of the ECB : delegation, discretion, reasoning and care What Gauweiler, Weiss and others can teach us

  • Hofmann, Herwig C.H.
In the context of the developing European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), questions of political and judicial means of control of the bodies central to shaping this policy are of great relevance. This paper looks at how responsibility towards political and judicial means of control can be ensured in reality and what the case law of the CJEU can teach about the accountability standards of a structurally independent executive body such as the ECB. In the inverse, it also looks at the more general lessons the CJEU’s Gauweiler case has for today’s understanding of the EMU as central part of EU public law., The ADEMU Working Paper Series is being supported by the European Commission Horizon 2020 European Union funding for Research & Innovation, grant agreement No 649396.
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The 'haircut' of public creditors under EU law

  • Steinbach, Armin
While the Court of Justice of the European Union has approved the European financial assistance schemes, the haircut of public creditors appears as a possible next step of escalation in the euro debt crisis. This article explores the legal boundaries set by the EU Treaty on such debt restructuring. Both the no-bailout clause and the prohibition of monetary state financing are at the core of the analysis. In its rulings in Pringle and Gauweiler, the Court specified the meaning of these provisions in relation to the conditions governing financial assistance programs. The analysis highlights the limitations set by these norms on the scope of potential modes of haircuts on public creditors. We find that a haircut on nominal debt would infringe the no-bailout clause and the involvement of the ECB would violate the ban on monetary state financing. However, there remain other forms of "soft haircuts", such as the lowering of interest rates and the extension of terms, which may be compatible with EU law., The ADEMU Working Paper Series is being supported by the European Commission Horizon 2020 European Union funding for Research & Innovation, grant agreement No 649396.
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Insurance-type cooperation mechanisms under EU law

  • Steinbach, Armin
In the economic policy domain, calls for insurance-type cooperation within the European Monetary Union (EMU) have frequently been made. Insurance-type cooperation relates to the debate about macroeconomic stabilization tools helping to absorb asymmetric shocks within EMU. Adopting a legal perspective, this article aims explores the scope offered under the current EU treaties in establishing such cooperation mechanisms. Among the broad variety of policy proposals, we focus particularly on both a permanent EU unemployment scheme and a shock-based insurance. We identify the potential legal basis for these insurance schemes highlighting differences in legal feasibility given their specific design. We also discuss the endowment of insurance funds setting out four different funding modes under the EU treaties or on intergovernmental basis. We show that legal scope for insurance schemes is limited. Fully-fledged unemployment insurance schemes are likely to overstretch the boundaries of the EU treaties. More narrowly designed, however, such schemes are rather likely to be feasible if set up as shock-based mechanisms, where the gravity of the economic shocks is significant., The ADEMU Working Paper Series is being supported by the European Commission Horizon 2020 European Union funding for Research & Innovation, grant agreement No 649396.
Proyecto:


Controlling the powers of the ECB : delegation, discretion, reasoning and care What Gauweiler, Weiss and others can teach us

  • Hofmann, Herwig C.H.
In the context of the developing European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), questions of political and judicial means of control of the bodies central to shaping this policy are of great relevance. This paper looks at how responsibility towards political and judicial means of control can be ensured in reality and what the case law of the CJEU can teach about the accountability standards of a structurally independent executive body such as the ECB. In the inverse, it also looks at the more general lessons the CJEU’s Gauweiler case has for today’s understanding of the EMU as central part of EU public law., The ADEMU Working Paper Series is being supported by the European Commission Horizon 2020 European Union funding for Research & Innovation, grant agreement No 649396.
Proyecto:


The 'haircut' of public creditors under EU law

  • Steinbach, Armin
While the Court of Justice of the European Union has approved the European financial assistance schemes, the haircut of public creditors appears as a possible next step of escalation in the euro debt crisis. This article explores the legal boundaries set by the EU Treaty on such debt restructuring. Both the no-bailout clause and the prohibition of monetary state financing are at the core of the analysis. In its rulings in Pringle and Gauweiler, the Court specified the meaning of these provisions in relation to the conditions governing financial assistance programs. The analysis highlights the limitations set by these norms on the scope of potential modes of haircuts on public creditors. We find that a haircut on nominal debt would infringe the no-bailout clause and the involvement of the ECB would violate the ban on monetary state financing. However, there remain other forms of "soft haircuts", such as the lowering of interest rates and the extension of terms, which may be compatible with EU law., The ADEMU Working Paper Series is being supported by the European Commission Horizon 2020 European Union funding for Research & Innovation, grant agreement No 649396.
Proyecto:


Insurance-type cooperation mechanisms under EU law

  • Steinbach, Armin
In the economic policy domain, calls for insurance-type cooperation within the European Monetary Union (EMU) have frequently been made. Insurance-type cooperation relates to the debate about macroeconomic stabilization tools helping to absorb asymmetric shocks within EMU. Adopting a legal perspective, this article aims explores the scope offered under the current EU treaties in establishing such cooperation mechanisms. Among the broad variety of policy proposals, we focus particularly on both a permanent EU unemployment scheme and a shock-based insurance. We identify the potential legal basis for these insurance schemes highlighting differences in legal feasibility given their specific design. We also discuss the endowment of insurance funds setting out four different funding modes under the EU treaties or on intergovernmental basis. We show that legal scope for insurance schemes is limited. Fully-fledged unemployment insurance schemes are likely to overstretch the boundaries of the EU treaties. More narrowly designed, however, such schemes are rather likely to be feasible if set up as shock-based mechanisms, where the gravity of the economic shocks is significant., The ADEMU Working Paper Series is being supported by the European Commission Horizon 2020 European Union funding for Research & Innovation, grant agreement No 649396.
Proyecto:


Mapping the interconnectedness between EU banks and shadow banking entities

  • Abad, Jorge
  • D'Errico, Marco
  • Killeen, Neill
  • Luz, Vera
  • Peltonen, Tuomas
  • Portes, Richard
  • Urbano, Teresa
This paper provides a unique snapshot of the exposures of EU banks to shadow banking entities within the global financial system. Drawing on a rich and novel dataset, the paper documents the cross-sector and cross-border linkages and considers which are the most relevant for systemic risk monitoring. From a macroprudential perspective, the identification of potential feedback and contagion channels arising from the linkages of banks and shadow banking entities is particularly challenging when shadow banking entities are domiciled in different jurisdictions. The analysis shows that many of the EU banks’ exposures are towards non-EU entities, particularly US-domiciled shadow banking entities. At the individual level, banks’ exposures are diversified although this diversification leads to high overlap across different types of shadow banking entities., The ADEMU Working Paper Series is being supported by the European Commission Horizon 2020 European Union funding for Research & Innovation, grant agreement No 649396.
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Differences in euro-area household finances and their relevance for monetary-policy transmission

  • Hintermaier, Thomas
  • Koeniger, Winfried
This paper quantifies the extent of heterogeneity in consumption responses to changes in real interest rates and house prices in the four largest economies in the euro area: France, Germany, Italy, and Spain. We first calibrate a life-cycle incomplete-markets model with a liquid financial asset and illiquid housing to match the large heterogeneity of households asset portfolios, observed in the Household Finance and Consumption Survey (HFCS) for these countries. We then show that the heterogeneity in household finances implies that responses of consumption to changes in the real interest rate and in house prices differ substantially across the analyzed countries, and across age groups within these countries. The different consumption responses quantified in this paper point towards important heterogeneity in monetary-policy transmission within the euro area., The ADEMU Working Paper Series is being supported by the European Commission Horizon 2020 European Union funding for Research & Innovation, grant agreement No 649396.
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Is a separate eurozone budget a good idea?

  • Crowe, Richard
The sovereign debt crisis served to highlight the limitations of trying to use a Union budget in which all Member States participate to perform functions corresponding to a monetary union in which not all Member States participate. In this context, a debate has arisen about whether the Eurozone should rather have its own budget, separate from the Union budget. There are good arguments to support the view that a new budgetary capacity should be developed at European level to support the monetary union, but this paper defends the view that it is preferable to develop such a capacity within the Union budget, or, to the extent that this is not yet feasible, to keep it as closely aligned to the Union budget as possible. In this respect, the Commission’s latest EMU and MFF proposals are a welcome first step in seeking to pursue such an integrative approach, within the constraints of the current Treaties. Looking to the future, a European public finance convention could be considered to prepare more ambitious reforms, including targeted treaty revisions, for adoption in the 2020s., The ADEMU Working Paper Series is being supported by the European Commission Horizon 2020 European Union funding for Research & Innovation, grant agreement No 649396.
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