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Offensive Transitions in High-Performance Football: Differences Between UEFA Euro 2008 and UEFA Euro 2016

  • Maneiro, Rubén
  • Casal, Claudio Alberto
  • Álvarez, Isaac
  • Moral-García, José Enrique
  • López García, Sergio
  • Ardá Suárez, Antonio
  • Losada, José Luis
[Abstract] Coaches, footballers and researchers agree that offensive transitions are one of the most important moments in football today. In a sport where defense over attack dominates, with low scores on the scoreboard, the importance of these actions from the offensive point of view becomes very important. Despite this, scientific literature is still very limited on this topic. Therefore, the objectives set out in the present investigation have been two: first, by means of a proportion analysis and the application of a chisquare test, it was intended to describe the possible differences between the offensive transitions made in the UEFA Euro 2008 and UEFA Euro 2016; then, through different multivariate analyzes based on logistic regression models, it was intended to know the possible differences among the proposed models. Using observational methodology as a methodological filter, 1,533 offensive transitions corresponding to the observation of the quarter final, semifinal, and final quarter of UEFA Euro 2008 and UEFA Euro 2016 have been analyzed. The results obtained have shown that offensive transitions between both championships have changed throughout both UEFA Euro, as well as some of the variables or behaviors associated with them (p < 0.05). The predictive models considered, although they have been developed from the same predictor variables, have also yielded different results for both championships, evidencing predictive differences among themselves. These results allow to corroborate that the offensive phase in high level football, specifically in what refers to moments of transition defense-attack, have evolved over these 8 years. At the applied level, the results of this research allow coaches to have current and contemporary information on these actions, potentially allowing them to improve their offensive performance during competition, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad; Grant DEP2015-66069-P, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad; PSI2015-71947-REDP, Generalitat Valenciana; Grant GV2017-004, Generalitat de Catalunya; Grant Number 2014 SGR 971
Proyecto:


Association of frailty status in older adults with immunological endocrine and oxidative stress biomarkers

  • Marcos-Pérez, Diego
Programa Oficial de Doutoramento en Bioloxía Celular e Molecular . 5004V01, [Resumen] La fragilidad es un síndrome geriátrico multidimensional caracterizado por una pérdida de homeostasis y un incremento de la vulnerabilidad. Actualmente, la identificación de la fragilidad se basa en características fenotípicas. Dada su reversibilidad, la identificación de la fragilidad mediante biomarcadores sería primordial para posibilitar una detección más temprana y precisa de los individuos frágiles. Debido a esto, el objetivo de este estudio fue investigar la posible asociación de diferentes biomarcadores con la fragilidad en personas mayores. Para ello, se llevó a cabo un estudio transversal en una población de mayores de 65 años, clasificados de acuerdo a su estado de fragilidad, determinando un conjunto de biomarcadores relacionados con la activación inmune y la inflamación, el sistema endocrino y el estrés oxidativo. Los resultados obtenidos mostraron diferencias significativas en los niveles de varios biomarcadores inmunológicos y el cortisol entre individuos frágiles y no frágiles, pero no se encontró asociación alguna entre los biomarcadores de estrés oxidativo y el estado de fragilidad. Los datos presentados en este trabajo apoyan la hipótesis de que el estado de fragilidad en personas mayores está relacionado con la estimulación inmune y la inflamación, así como con la desregulación del eje hipotalámico-pituitario-adrenal dependiente de la edad., [Resumo] A fraxilidade é un síndrome xeriátrico multidimensional caracterizado por unha pérdida de homeostase e un incremento da vulnerabilidade. Actualmente, a identificación da fraxilidade basease en características fenotípicas Dada a súa reversibilidade, a identificación da fraxilidade mediante biomarcadores sería primordial para posibilitar unha detección máis temperá e precisa dos individuos fráxiles. Debido a isto, o obxectivo deste estudo foi investigar a posible asociación de diversos biomarcadores coa fraxilidade en persoas maiores. Para iso, levóuse a cabo un estudo transversal nunha poboación de maiores de 65 anos, clasificados de acordo ao seu estado de fraxilidade, determinando un conxunto de biomarcadores relacionados coa activación inmune e a inflamación, o sistema endócrino e o estrés oxidativo. Os resultados obtidos amosaron diferencias significativas nos niveis de varios biomarcadores inmunolóxicos e o cortisol entre individuos fráxiles e non fráxiles, pero non se atopou asociación algunha entre os biomarcadores de estrés oxidativo e o estado de fraxilidade. Os datos presentados neste traballo apoian a hipótese de que o estado de fraxilidade en persoas maiores está relacionado coa estimulación inmune e a inflamación, así como coa desregulación do eixo hipotalámico-pituitario-adrenal dependente da idade., [Abstract] Frailty is a multidimensional geriatric syndrome of loss of reserves and increased vulnerability to stressors. Currently, frailty identification is based on phenotypic characteristics. Due to the well-known reversibility of frailty, early identification is crucial. Biomarkers can be useful tools for the early and accurate detection of frail individuals. Thus, the main objective of this study was to investigate the possible relationship of different biomarkers with frailty in older adults. To that aim, a cross-sectional study was conducted in a population of older adults (aged 65 years and over) classified according to their frailty status, determining a set of biomarkers related to immune activation and inflammation, to endocrine system, and to oxidative stress. Results obtained revealed significant differences in the levels of several immunological biomarkers and cortisol between frail and non-frail individuals, but no association was found between any oxidative stress biomarker and frailty status Data presented in this study provide support to the hypothesis that frailty status in older adults is associated with an additional degree of immune stimulation and inflammation, and with agerelated hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis dysregulation.
Proyecto:


Delving into Android Malware Families with a Novel Neural Projection Method

  • Vega-Vega, Rafael A.
  • Quintián, Héctor
  • Cambra, Carlos
  • Basurto, Nuño
  • Herrero, Alvaro
  • Calvo-Rolle, José Luis
[Abstract] Present research proposes the application of unsupervised and supervised machine-learning techniques to characterize Android malware families. More precisely, a novel unsupervised neural-projection method for dimensionality-reduction, namely, Beta Hebbian Learning (BHL), is applied to visually analyze such malware. Additionally, well-known supervised Decision Trees (DTs) are also applied for the first time in order to improve characterization of such families and compare the original features that are identified as the most important ones. The proposed techniques are validated when facing real-life Android malware data by means of the well-known and publicly available Malgenome dataset. Obtained results support the proposed approach, confirming the validity of BHL and DTs to gain deep knowledge on Android malware
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Caracterización de las crónicas de Indias de las órdenes religiosas en la América virreinal (siglos XVI y XVII)

  • Villar Piñeiro, José Luis
Programa Oficial de Doutoramento en Estudos Literarios. 5020V01, [Resumen] Las crónicas de Indias constituyen un corpus textual de primera importancia tanto para la Historia en general como para la Historia de la Literatura y ello por razones tan diversas como la gran cantidad de textos existentes, la relevancia literaria e histórica de algunos cronistas, el gran caudal informativo que nos aportan y que cubre la práctica totalidad de las ramas de conocimiento existentes en la época o, en contraposición a este último rasgo, la existencia en ellas de elementos de fantasía y de pasajes de belleza literaria salidos de las plumas de autores conscientes de su valía artística, lo que no impide, finalmente, que su primera intención sea burocrática y, con frecuencia, política. Dentro del corpus cronístico y al margen de las grandes figuras, nos encontramos con una serie de textos del siglo XVI y, sobre todo, XVII, compuestos por frailes, que son bastante más desconocidos para el gran público y que despiertan mucho menos interés entre los estudiosos. De ellos se ocupa esta tesis, en la que se enumeran los rasgos constitutivos de la poética de la cronística religiosa virreinal, se esboza una diacronía para mostrar la evolución de esa cronística entre los siglos XVI y XVII Y se ponen de relieve los elementos distintivos detectados en la plasmación del género entre las órdenes religiosas estudiadas., [Resumo] As crónicas de Indias constitúen un corpus textual de primeira importancia tanto para a Historia en xeral como para a Historia da Literatura e iso por razóns tan diversas como a grande cantidade de textos existentes, a relevancia histórica e literaria dalgúns cronistas, o grande caudal informativo que nos aportan e que cobre a práctica totalidade das ramas do coñecemento existentes na época ou, en contraposición a este último trazo, a existencia nelas de elementos de fantasía e de pasaxes de beleza literaria saídos das plumas de autores conscientes da dúa valía artística, o que non impide, finalmente, que a súa primeira intención sexa burocrática e, con frecuencia, política. Dentro do corpus cronistico e á marxe das grandes figuras, topamos cunha serie de textos do século XVI e, sobre todo, do XVII, compostos por frades, que son bastante máis descoñecidos para o público en xeral e que espertan moito menos interese entre os estudosos. Deles ocúpase esta tese, na que se enumeran os trazos constitutivos da poética da cronistica relixiosa virreinal, se esboza una diacronia para amosar a evolución desa cronística entre os séculos XVI e XVII e se poñen de relevo os elementos distintivos detectados na plasmación do xénero entre as ordes relixiosas estudadas., [Abstract] The chronicles ofthe Indies form part ofa body ofwriting ofprimary importance as much for history in general as for the history ofliterature. This is for reasons as diverse as the large quantity of existing texts, from which we are provided a great flow of information that covers virtually all branches of existing knowledge in that time period, from chroniclers of great literary and historie relevance. Or, in contrast to this last characteristic, we see also the existence ofsome elements offantasy as well as passages ofliterary beauty, written from the pens of authors aware of their artistic value. This does not prevent, after all, that their frrst intention is bureaucratic and, frequently, politica!. Within the body ofthe chronicle and aside from the grand figures, we find a series oftexts from the 16th and, above all, the 17th century composed by friars, which are much less known by the general public and which awaken much less interest on the part of scholars. This thesis deals with them. In it the constituent elements of the poetical as they relate to the religious viceregal chronicles are listed, an outline is made of the development and evolution of that chronicle between the 16th and 17th centuries and the different detected elements in the shaping of the genre among the religious orders that have been studied are highlighted.
Proyecto:


Rubén CASTRO REDONDO, "Entre colmos, rebolas e dobres varas de medir : conflitos por medidas na Galicia moderna (séculos XVI-XIX)" [Reseña]

  • García Hurtado, Manuel-Reyes
[Resumen] Reseña de Rubén CASTRO REDONDO, "Entre colmos, rebolas e dobres varas de medir : conflitos por medidas na Galicia moderna (séculos XVI-XIX)". Valga, Concello de Valga - Consellería de Educación e Ordenación Universitaria (Xunta de Galicia), 2016
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Student Perception of Teacher and Parent Involvement in Homework and Student Engagement: The Mediating Role of Motivation

  • Núñez, José C.
  • Regueiro, Bibiana
  • Suárez, Natalia
  • Piñeiro, Isabel
  • Rodicio García, María Luisa
  • Valle, Antonio
Currently, there is much debate about the value of assigning homework. Organizations such as the OECD have concluded that doing more homework is not synonymous with better performance. This study was designed to analyze the mediating role of student motivation in the relationship between the involvement of parents and teachers in homework and the engagement of students in these tasks. Seven hundred and thirty students in Compulsory Secondary Education (7th–10th grade) participated from 14 schools in the north of Spain. Three competing models were developed and tested to study motivational mediation: a non-motivational mediation model (direct effects model); a total motivational mediation model (indirect effects model); and a partial motivational mediation model (mixed effects model). The best model was adjusted according to gender and school year variables. The total mediation motivational model demonstrated the best fit (indirect effects model). The results suggest the total mediation of student motivation in the relationship between the perception of parents’ and teachers’ involvement in homework and student cognitive engagement in these tasks. Some differences, albeit slight, were observed with respect to gender and school year. The results have clear theoretical and educational implications., Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad; EDU2013-44062-P, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad; EDU2017-82984-P, Gobierno de Asturias; FC-GRUPIN-IDI/2018/000199
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El estancamiento de la inclusión educativa del alumnado con discapacidad: revisión de su escolarización entre 1985 y 2015, The stagnation of the educational inclusion of students with disabilities. Review of their schooling between 1985 and 2015

  • Núñez Mayán, María Teresa
[Resumen] El objetivo principal de este trabajo es analizar si la escolarización del alumnado con discapacidad en estas tres décadas responde a patrones inclusivos. Para ello estudiamos su distribución entre los centros de Educación Especial y ordinaria. Analizamos si hay un reparto equitativo en los centros ordinarios de carácter público y privado y también si su trayectoria escolar es completa y continuada hasta finalizar la enseñanza obligatoria. Se realiza un análisis descriptivo utilizando como fuente principal las estadísticas publicadas por el Ministerio de Educación. Los resultados apuntan a que entre el curso 1985 y 1995 la escolarización en entornos ordinarios experimenta un gran impulso, mientras que en la década posterior se ralentiza y en la última presenta un retroceso. La distribución en los centros no puede considerarse equitativa a pesar de los cambios y la Educación Secundaria, ofrece notables obstáculos para la inclusión del alumnado con discapacidad., [Abstract] This work mainly aims at analysing if the schooling of students with disabilities in the last three decades follows inclusive patterns. To this end, we have studied the distribution of these students among special and regular education schools. We have analysed if there is an equitable distribution in public and private regular schools and also if the educational path of students with disabilities is complete and continued until the end of compulsory education. A descriptive analysis has been made using the statistics published by the Spanish Ministry of Education as a major source. The results show that the school enrolment in regular settings was given a major boost in school years 1985 to 1995, while it slowed down in the decade after, followed by a decline in the last decade. Despite the changes, the distribution in schools cannot be considered to be equitable and there are major barriers in secondary education for the inclusion of students with disabilities.
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Ciberacoso escolar: experiencias y propuestas de jóvenes universitarios, Cyberbullying: experiences and proposals of university students

  • Rivadulla-López, Juan-Carlos
  • Rodríguez Correa, Marisol
[Resumen] El rápido crecimiento de las TIC ha traído consigo múltiples beneficios, pero, sin duda alguna, también muchos perjuicios, siendo uno de ellos el ciberacoso, el cual está tomando cada día más fuerza en nuestra sociedad. El interés principal en este estudio fue conocer la percepción y experiencia de un grupo de jóvenes universitarios sobre el ciberacoso en su etapa estudiantil en el instituto de educación secundaria. Para la realización de esta investigación, hemos contado con la participación de 864 estudiantes de seis universidades del noreste de España. Se ha utilizado una metodología cuantitativa de carácter no experimental de tipo encuesta, concretamente se utilizó un muestreo no probabilístico, accidental o incidental, condicionado por la disponibilidad de los sujetos a participar en el estudio. La mayoría del alumnado consultado en nuestro estudio indicó no haber sufrido ciberacoso ni haberlo ejercido en su etapa estudiantil en el Instituto tanto en centros públicos como privados. La agresividad escrita (insultos/ofensas o amenazas) fue el tipo de acción violenta más habitual entre los agresores, al igual que la difusión de información personal o de rumores. La mayoría de jóvenes, que sufrieron acoso en el Instituto en nuestro estudio, reconocieron que no se sintieron motivados para acudir a clase en su momento, ni para desarrollar sus estudios de manera adecuada, aislándose socialmente., [Abstract] The rapid growth of ICT has brought many benefits, but certainly also many damages, one of them being cyberbullying, which is taking more and more strength in our society. The main interest in this research was to know the perception and experience of a group of young university students about cyberbullying in their student stage at the secondary education context. To carry out this research, we had the participation of 864 students of six universities in the northeast of Spain. A quantitative methodology of non-experimental type character survey has been used and, in particular, sampling non-probability has been used, accidental or incidental, conditioned by the availability of subjects to participate in this research. Most of the students in our study indicated not having suffered ciberbullying or exercising it in his student stage both in state and private schools. Written aggression (insults / offenses or threats) was the most common type of violent action among the aggressors, and the dissemination of personal information or rumors. The majority of young people, who suffered harassment in the school in our study, acknowledged that they did not feel motivated to attend sessions at the time, nor to develop their studies in an adequate way, isolating themselves socially
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Applicability of EU(7)-PIM criteria in cross-national studies in European countries

  • Fialová, Daniela
  • Brkić, Jovana
  • Laffon, Blanca
  • Reissigová, Jindra
  • Grešáková, Silvia
  • Dogan, Soner
  • Doro, Peter
  • Tasić, Ljiljana
  • Marinković, Valentina
  • Valdiglesias, Vanessa
  • Costa, Solange
  • Kostřiba, Jan
[Abstract] Background: The European Union (EU)(7)-PIM (potentially inappropriate medication) list presents the most comprehensive and up-to-date tool for evaluation of PIM prescribing in Europe; however, several country-specific studies have documented lower specificity of this list on pharmaceutical markets of some countries. The aim of our study was to describe approval rates and marketing of PIMs stated by EU(7)-PIM criteria in six EU countries [in comparison with the American Geriatric Society (AGS) Beers 2015 criteria]. Methods: Research teams of six EU countries (Czech Republic, Spain, Portugal, Serbia, Hungary and Turkey) participated in this study conducted by WG1b EU COST Action IS1402 group in the period October 2015–November 2018. Data on approval rates of PIMs and their availability on pharmaceutical markets have been obtained from databases of national drugregulatory institutes and up-to-date drug compendia. The EU(7)-PIM list and AGS Beers 2015 Criteria (Section 1) were applied. Results: PIMs from EU(7)-PIM list were approved for clinical use more often than those from the AGS Beers 2015 criteria (Section 1). Approval rates for EU(7)-PIMs ranged from 42.8% in Serbia to 71.4% in Spain (for AGS criteria only from 36.4% to 65.1%, respectively). Higher percentages of approved PIMs were documented in Spain (71.4%), Portugal (67.1%) and Turkey (67.5%), lower in Hungary (55.5%), Czech Republic (50.2%) and Serbia (42.8%). The majority of approved PIMs were also currently marketed in all countries except in Turkey (19.8–21.7% not marketed PIMs) and less than 20% of PIMs were available as over-thecounter medications (except in Turkey, 46.4–48.1%). Conclusions: The EU(7)-PIM list was created for utilization in European studies; however, applicability of this list is still limited in some countries, particularly in Eastern and Central Europe. The EU project EUROAGEISM H2020 (2017–2021) that focuses on PIM prescribing and regulatory measures in Central and Eastern European countries must consider these limits., European Commision; project INOMED CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/18_069/0010046
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Relectura de La muerte de La Quimera. Tragicomedia en dos actos, para marionetas. Emilia Pardo Bazán, el teatro de marionetas y el «teatro de ensueño», Rereading of La muerte de La Quimera. Tragicomedia en dos actos, para marionetas. Emilia Pardo Bazán, the Puppet Theater and the «Teatro de Ensueño»

  • Carballal Miñán, Patricia
[Resumen] La muerte de la Quimera. Tragicomedia en dos actos, para marionetas es una breve pieza dramática de Emilia Pardo Bazán que —como damos noticia por vez primera en este artículo— nació para ser representada en un teatro de marionetas proyectado por el escritor modernista Antonio de Hoyos y Vinent en 1903. Sin embargo, la suspensión del proyecto escénico por razones que desconocemos y la decisión de Emilia Pardo Bazán de situar La muerte de la Quimera al frente de su novela de 1905 La Quimera, parecen haber llevado a la crítica a estudiar este texto como un mero proemio a la narración protagonizada por Silvio Lago. El siguiente estudio, sin embargo, propone recatalogar la breve tragicomedia dentro del teatro de ensueño modernista y del teatro para títeres, espectáculos llamados a renovar el anquilosado panorama teatral de entre siglos en el que se sitúa toda la obra dramática de la escritora., [Abstract] La muerte de la Quimera. Tragicomedia en dos actos, para marionetas is an Emilia Pardo Bazán´s short piece of drama —as we inform for the first time in this article— that was born to be represented at a puppet theater designed by the modernist writer Antonio de Hoyos y Vinent in 1903. However, the suspension of La muerte de la Quimera in front of his 1905 novel La Quimera, have led critics to study this text as a mere preface to narration starring by Silvio Lago. Nevertheless, the next study suggests to catalog the brief tragicomedy inside the modernist «teatro
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