Buscador

Encontrado(s) 2195808 resultado(s)
Encontrada(s) 219581 página(s)

The struggle against creative accounting: Is "true and fair view" part of the problem or part of the solution?

  • Amat Salas, Josep Oriol
  • Blake, John
  • Oliveras, Ester
Creative accounting is a growing issue of interest in Spain. In this article we argue that the concept true and fair view can limit or promote the use of creative accounting depending upon its interpretation. We review the range of meanings that true and fair view can take at an international level and compare the experience of the United Kingdom with the Australian one by analysing the use of true and fair view to limit creative accounting. Finally, we suggest lines of action to be considered by the Spanish accounting standards-setting institutions.
Proyecto:


Children's work in Spanish textiles during the 19th and 20th Centuries

  • Camps Cura, Enriqueta
This essay deals with the reasons explaining children s work in 19th century textile factories and their removal during the first part of the 20th century. The inadequacy of the structure of incomes and expenditures of the household and the very low economic incentives to educate children can explain why children were in the factories and not in the school. Moreover, the marginal economic contribution to the economy of the household of a child was the same as that of his mother. This normally implied that women and children were perfect substitutes. When the family had a child at working age this allowed to replace the paid work input of the mother. With the beginnings of the 20th century a set of changes leading to the increase of women s productivity and hourly real wages, switched the situation and involved the new incorporation of women into paid work and the investment in children s human capital.
Proyecto:


The case for a new accounting research agenda in Spain

  • Amat Salas, Josep Oriol
  • Blake, John
  • Oliveras, Ester
Proyecto:


Theimpact of industry collaboration on research: Evidence from engineering academics in the UK

  • Banal Estañol, Albert
  • Jofre-Bonet, Mireia
  • Meissner, Cornelia
We study the impact of university-industry research collaborations on academic output, in terms of productivity and direction of research. We report findings from a longitudinal dataset on all the researchers from the engineering departments in the UK in the last 20 years. We control for the endogeneity caused by the dynamic nature of research and the existence of reverse causality. Our results indicate that researchers with industrial links publish significantly more. Productivity, though, is higher for low levels of industry involvement. Moreover, growing ties with the industry skew research towards a more applied approach.
Proyecto:


Conglomeration with bankruptcy costs: Separate or joint financing?

  • Banal Estañol, Albert
  • Ottaviani, Marco
The paper analyzes the determinants of the optimal scope of incorporation in the presence of bankruptcy costs. Bankruptcy costs alone generate a non-trivial tradeoff between the benefit of coinsurance and the cost of risk contamination associated to joint financing corporate projects through debt. This tradeoff is characterized for projects with binary returns, depending on the distributional characteristics of returns (mean, variability, skewness, heterogeneity, correlation, and number of projects), the bankruptcy recovery rate, and the tax rate advantage of debt relative to equity. Our testable predictions are broadly consistent with existing empirical evidence on conglomerate mergers, spin-offs, project finance, and securitization.
Proyecto:


Merger failures

  • Banal Estañol, Albert
  • Seldeslachts, Jo
This paper proposes an explanation as to why some mergers fail, based on the interaction between the pre- and post-merger processes. We argue that failure may stem from informational asymmetries arising from the pre-merger period, and problems of cooperation and coordination within recently merged firms. We show that a partner may optimally agree to merge and abstain from putting forth any post-merger effort, counting on the other partner to make the necessary efforts. If both follow the same course of action, the merger goes ahead but fails. Our unique equilibrium allows us to make predictions on which mergers are more likely to fail.
Proyecto:


Dimensions of national culture and the accounting environment -The Spanish case-

  • Amat Salas, Josep Oriol
  • Blake, John
  • Wraith, Philip
  • Oliveras, Ester
Proyecto:


Spanish auditors and the 'true and fair view'

  • Amat Salas, Josep Oriol
  • Blake, John
  • Oliveras, Ester
In 1990 a new Spanish 'Plan General de Contabilidad' (PGC) implemented the requirements of the EU 4th and 7th Directives in Spain. Included in the PGC is the requirement, derived from the 4th Directive, that accounts should present a 'true and fair view', in Spanish 'imagen fiel'. Where the term has been used in English speaking jurisdictions it has proved to have a variety of shades of meaning, and to have had strikingly different impact in different countries. Within the European Union the term has been seen as a 'Trojan horse', inserted into the 4th Directive to inject an Anglo-Saxon approach of flexibility and judgement dependent accounting into a Continental European accounting tradition of detailed prescription and uniformity. In this paper we report on a survey of the views and experience of Spanish auditors relating to 'imagen fiel'. Specifically, we: 1) Review the English language literature on 'true and fair view' to identify the key areas of controversy. 2) Consider the significance of the 'true and fair view' within the EU 4th Directive. 3) Report on the experience of Spanish auditors in working with this concept, their views on the value of the term, and their experience in use of the true and fair view 'override'.
Proyecto:


Variations in national management accounting approaches

  • Amat Salas, Josep Oriol
  • Blake, John
  • Oliveras, Ester
Proyecto:


Buscador avanzado