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An open corpus for the computational research of Arab-Andalusian music

  • Caro Repetto, Rafael
  • Pretto, Niccolò
  • Chaachoo, Amin
  • Bozkurt, Baris
  • Serra, Xavier
Comunicació presentada a: the 5th International Conference on Digital Libraries for Musicology (DLfM 2018), satèl·lit de l'ISMIR, celebrat el dia 28 de setembre de 2018 a París, França., In the medieval Islamic territories of the Iberian Peninsula known as Al-Andalus a unique style of music was formed combining local practices with Arab sensibilities. After the fall of the last Andalusian kingdom, this classical repertoire has been preserved to the present in North African countries. The idiosyncrasies of this repertoire, which combines musical traits from Western and Eastern Mediterranean traditions in orchestral and choral settings, as well as instrumental and vocal solos, deserves an in depth musicological study, that can benefit from computational tools for corpusdriven research. On the other hand, the characteristics of this music poses interesting challenges to MIR methods and therefore offer new research opportunities to this field. To address these topics, we present here the first complete release of the corpus for the research of the Moroccan tradition of Arab-Andalusian music built in the framework of the CompMusic project. The corpus comprises three data collections, namely audio recordings, music scores and lyrics, as well as related annotations and metadata. We also present a series of Jupyter Notebooks for browsing and retrieving data from the corpus. Both the corpus and notebooks are completely open to the research community., This work was carried out with the support of the Musical Bridges project, funded by RecerCaixa. The Andalusian Corpus was created by the CompMusic project, funded by the European Research Council under the European Union’s Seventh Framework Program (ERC grant agreement 267583).

All's well that ends well? Crisis policy after the German Constitutional Court's ruling in Gauweiler

  • Steinbach, Armin
Crisis policy of the ECB has been controversial on the judicial stage between the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) and the German Constitutional Court (FCC). While the controversy appears to be settled at this stage following the FCC's judgment in June 2016, disagreement between the courts persists in two regards. First, on the scope and intensity of judicial review of a potential future application of the OMT programme, the FCC gives less discretionary leeway to the ECB than the CJEU and thus exerts stricter judicial review. Second, there are legal boundaries on a “haircut” relinquishing parts of the debt of euro countries owed to Member States and the ECB. This article offers a legal analysis of the remaining controversies and the policy scope of the ECB., The ADEMU Working Paper Series is being supported by the European Commission Horizon 2020 European Union funding for Research & Innovation, grant agreement No 649396.

The negative correlation between nonperforming loans of large and small banks

  • Rodríguez Mendizábal, Hugo
This paper presents a new stylized fact about bank nonperforming loans. According to data for the US, the average of the ratio of noncurrent loans to total loans for large banks presents a very high negative correlation with the same ratio for small banks. This result remains valid for different measures of bank size as well as controlling for different bank characteristics such as charter class, specialization or geographical location., The ADEMU Working Paper Series is being supported by the European Commission Horizon 2020 European Union funding for Research & Innovation, grant agreement No 649396.

The commission’s 2017 reflection paper on the deepening of the economic and monetary union : a few critical observations

  • Radic, Lazar
In the present paper I critically asses the Preface to the 2017 Reflection Paper on the Deepening of the Economic and Monetary Union and identify two issues with the European Commission’s approach and reasoning which I believe reveal a deeper, more disquieting dynamic. First, I claim that the Preface makes an overly optimistic evaluation of the single currency, ignoring or not placing enough emphasis on some of its more problematic aspects. I also show that this attitude generally permeates the rest of the Reflection Paper. I identify three sentences from the Preface which I believe clearly illustrate this point. Second, I criticize the Commission’s failure to explicitly recognize the shortcomings of its pro-austerity policies, even after it has become abundantly clear that such policies have proven to be not only inefficient, but also counterproductive in nursing EMU countries back to health after the 2008 Financial Crisis. This is troubling, and a missed opportunity. The Reflection Paper, which forms part of a broader strategy aimed precisely at resolving the issues arising from the 2008 Financial Crisis and avoiding future recurrences, was an ideal opportunity for the Commission to reassess its reliance on austerity policies as a response to financial downturns in the eurozone. To conclude, I speculate as to what the implications of these shortcoming might be for the eurozone and the EU moving forward., The ADEMU Working Paper Series is being supported by the European Commission Horizon 2020 European Union funding for Research & Innovation, grant agreement No 649396.

On the optimal design of a financial stability fund

  • Ábrahám, Árpád
  • Cárceles Poveda, Eva
  • Liu, Yan
  • Marimon, Ramon
A Financial Stability Fund set by a union of sovereign countries can improve countries' ability to share risks, borrow and lend, with respect to the standard instrument used to smooth fluctuations: sovereign debt financing. Efficiency gains arise from the ability of the fund to offer long-term contingent financial contracts, subject to limited enforcement (LE) and moral hazard (MH) constraints. In contrast, standard sovereign debt contracts are uncontingent and subject to untimely debt roll-overs and default risk. We develop a model of the Financial Stability Fund (Fund) as a long-term partnership with LE and MH constraints. We quantitatively compare the constrained-efficient Fund economy with the incomplete markets economy with default. In particular, we characterize how (implicit) interest rates and asset holdings differ, as well as how both economies react differently to the same productivity and government expenditure shocks. In our economies, `calibrated' to the euro area `stressed countries' , substantial effciency gains are achieved by establishing a well-designed Financial Stability Fund; this is particularly true in times of crisis. Our theory provides a basis for the design of a Fund - for example, beyond the current scope of the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) - and a theoretical and quantitative framework to assess alternative risk-sharing (shock-absorbing) facilities, as well as proposals to deal with the euro area `debt overhang problem'., The ADEMU Working Paper Series is being supported by the European Commission Horizon 2020 European Union funding for Research & Innovation, grant agreement No 649396.

Revisión de los instrumentos de cribaje en salud mental infantil del ámbito pediátrico y escolar

  • Anglès-Virgili, Núria
  • Vendrell Maños, Roser
El uso de los instrumentos de cribado en salud mental infantil en el ámbito pediátrico y escolar es heterogéneo e insuficiente. Partiendo de esta premisa surge la necesidad de hacer una revisión de la literatura sobre los instrumentos de cribado y el uso que se otorga en salud mental infantil (0-6 años) en la consulta pediátrica y el contexto escolar. Se ha llevado a cabo una búsqueda de la literatura publicada en el período de 2005-2015 en las bases de datos Discovery, Eric y Medline. Existe una gran diferencia de uso de los instrumentos de cribado entre el ámbito escolar y la consulta pediátrica. En la escuela la administración de instrumentos es más habitual y con menores limitaciones. En la consulta pediátrica, aunque existen numerosos instrumentos validados psicométricamente, no se aplican con tanta frecuencia. La mayor limitación en los dos ámbitos es la falta de seguimiento después de la derivación del niño a los servicios de salud mental. La escuela y la consulta pediátrica son contextos con características idóneas para la prevención en salud mental infantil. Es necesario seguir investigando para mejorar la detección, derivación y seguimiento a los servicios de salud mental., The use of child mental health screening tools in the paediatric and school fields is heterogeneous and insufficient. From this assumption, we can see the need to conduct a literature review on screening tools and their use for child mental health (0-6-year-olds) in the paediatric ward and the school context. A search was carried out throughout literature published in the period 2005-2015 in the databases Discovery, Eric, and Medline. There is a remarkable different use of screening tools between the school context and the paediatric ward. At school, the administration of instruments is more usual and with fewer limitations. At the paediatric ward, although there are many psychometrically validated instruments, they are not used so frequently. The main limitation in both settings is the lack of follow-up after the child’s referral to mental health services. The school and the paediatric ward are contexts with ideal characteristics for prevention in child mental health. Further research is needed to improve the detection, referral to, and follow-up in mental health services.

Método BAPNE como instrumento en etnomusicología aplicada

  • Latre Nava, Sergio
Orientado desde la etnomusicología aplicada, en este TFG presento la elaboración de una intervención socioeducativa, desde su diseño hasta su realización, con el fin de actuar localmente ante la necesidad global de favorecer la incorporación del alumnado recién llegado. Para ello, he combinado dos aproximaciones complementarias a los fenómenos sociales: un análisis preliminar inspirado en el enfoque top-down y un diagnóstico posterior inspirado en el enfoque bottom-up. De esta forma, he escogido un centro de máxima complejidad socioeconómica para intervenir en un grupo de 1º de ESO; en el que he empleado el método BAPNE® como facilitador de la aplicación de los principios de la pedagogía de las músicas del mundo de John Blacking; y finalmente, he hecho un diagnóstico triangulando métodos etnográficos y técnicas proyectivas con el fin de abrir nuevas líneas de acción futuras a partir de los resultados., Orientat des de l’etnomusicología aplicada, en aquest TFG presento l'elaboració d'una intervenció socioeducativa, des del seu disseny fins a la seva realització, amb la finalitat d'actuar localment davant la necessitat global d'afavorir la incorporació de l'alumnat nouvingut. Per a això, he combinat dues aproximacions complementàries als fenòmens socials: una anàlisi preliminar inspirada en l'enfocament top-down i un diagnòstic posterior inspirat en l'enfocament bottom-up. D'aquesta forma, he escollit un centre de màxima complexitat socioeconòmica per intervenir en un grup de 1r d'ESO; en el qual he emprat el mètode BAPNE® com facilitador de l'aplicació dels principis de la pedagogia de les músiques del món de John Blacking; i finalment, he realitzat un diagnòstic triangulant mètodes etnogràfics i tècniques projectives amb la finalitat d'obrir noves línies d'acció futures a partir dels resultats., Based on the applied ethnomusicology orientation, in this final thesis I present a socio-educational intervention, since its design to its realization, in order to act locally in response to overall need to favor the incorporation of newly-arrived students. To this end, I have combined two complementary approaches to social phenomena: a preliminary analysis inspired by the top-down approach and a subsequent diagnosis inspired by the bottom-up approach. In this way, on the basis of the above analysis, I have chosen an institute of maximum socio-economic complexity to intervene in a group of 1st CSE and I have used the BAPNE® method as a facilitator of the application of John Blacking's world music pedagogy principles. Finally, through triangulation by ethnographic methods and projective techniques, I have made a diagnosis with the purpose to open new future lines of action from the results.

The unique functioning of a pre-Columbian Amazonian floodplain fishery

  • Blatrix, Rumsaïs
  • Roux, Bruno
  • Béarez, Philippe
  • Prestes-Carneiro, Gabriela
  • Amaya, Marcelo
  • Aramayo, Jose Luis
  • Rodrigues, Leonor
  • Lombardo, Umberto
  • Iriarte, Jose
  • de Souza, Jonas Gregorio
  • Robinson, Mark
  • Bernard, Cyril
  • Pouilly, Marc
  • Durécu, Mélisse
  • Huchzermeyer, Carl F.
  • Kalebe, Mashuta
  • Ovando, Alex
  • McKey, Doyle
Archaeology provides few examples of large-scale fisheries at the frontier between catching and farming of fish. We analysed the spatial organization of earthen embankments to infer the functioning of a landscape-level pre-Columbian Amazonian fishery that was based on capture of out-migrating fish after reproduction in seasonal floodplains. Long earthen weirs cross floodplains. We showed that weirs bear successive V-shaped features (termed ‘Vs’ for the sake of brevity) pointing downstream for outflowing water and that ponds are associated with Vs, the V often forming the pond’s downstream wall. How Vs channelled fish into ponds cannot be explained simply by hydraulics, because Vs surprisingly lack fishways, where, in other weirs, traps capture fish borne by current flowing through these gaps. We suggest that when water was still high enough to flow over the weir, out-migrating bottom-hugging fish followed current downstream into Vs. Finding deeper, slower-moving water, they remained. Receding water further concentrated fish in ponds. The pond served as the trap, and this function shaped pond design. Weir-fishing and pond-fishing are both practiced in African floodplains today. In combining the two, this pre-Columbian system appears unique in the world., This research was funded by grants to D.M. from the Institut Universitaire de France, the Institut Ecologie et Environnement (INEE)/CNRS (Projets Exploratoires Pluridisciplinaires program), the Mission pour l’Interdisciplinarité of the CNRS, the TOSCA committee (Terre Solide, Océan, Surfaces Continentales, Atmosphère) of the CNES (French National Center for Space Research), the Groupement de Recherche Mosaïque (GDR 3353, INEE/CNRS); and by grants to R.B. from the Institut Ecologie et Environnement (INEE)/CNRS (Projets Exploratoires Pluridisciplinaires TOHMIS), to L.R. from the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) [grant no. P2BEP2_172250] and to U.L. from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme [Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions, EU project 703045]. This work was supported by public funds received in the framework of GEOSUD, a project (ANR-10-EQPX-20) of the program Investissements d’Avenir managed by the French National Agency. Research was also funded in part by the European Research Council project ‘Pre-Columbian Amazon-Scale Transformations’ (ERC-CoG 616179) to J.I. Data for Supplementary Figs S2 and S9 were provided by TerraSAR-X/TanDEM-X (grant no. DEM_OTHER1040).

River logjams cause frequent large-scale forest die-off events in southwestern Amazonia

  • Lombardo, Umberto
This paper investigates the dynamics of logjam-induced floods and alluvial deposition in the Bolivian Amazon and the effects these have on forest disturbance and recovery cycles. It expands on previous work by Gullison et al. (1996) who reported a case of catastrophic floods triggered by logjams in the Chimane Forest in the Bolivian Amazon. No further studies have followed up on this observation and no research has been published on the effects of large wood in tropical lowland rivers. The study is based on the analysis of a time series of Landsat imagery (1984–2016) and field evidence. Results show that logjam-induced floods are a major driver of forest disturbance along the Andean piedmont in the Bolivian Amazon. New logjams form on an almost yearly basis, always further upriver, until an avulsion takes place. Logjam-induced floods are characterized here by the sudden deposition of a thick sand layer and the death of forest in a V-shaped area. The Bolivian Amazon offers a unique opportunity for further research on how large wood affects river behavior in lowland tropical settings and how large and frequent forest disturbance events resulting from river logjams affect forest biodiversity and community successions., The present study has been funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) grant no P300P2158459/1 and by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions; EU project 703045).

Alluvial plain dynamics and human occupation in SW Amazonia during the Holocene: a paleosol-based reconstruction

  • Lombardo, Umberto
  • Rodrigues, Leonor
  • Veit, Heinz
The present study reconstructs Holocene fluvial dynamics in the southern Amazonian foreland basin through the analysis of 36 stratigraphic profiles taken along a 300 km long transect across the Llanos de Moxos (LM), in the Bolivian Amazon. Based on 50 radiocarbon ages from paleosols intercalated with fluvial sediments, the most important changes in floodplain dynamics on a millennial scale are reconstructed and the links between pre-Columbian cultural processes and environmental change in the region explored. Results show that the frequency of river avulsions and crevasses, as inferred from the number and age of the cored paleosols, is stable from 8k cal. yrs BP to 4k cal. yrs BP and increases significantly from 4k to 2k cal. yrs BP, following the strengthening of el Niño/la Niña cycle and an increase in average precipitation. Fluvial activity then decreases and reaches its minimum after 2k cal BP. A comparison between the stratigraphic record and the archaeological record shows a match between periods of landscape stability in SW Amazonia (low river activity) and periods of pre-Columbian human occupation. The first Amazonians lived in the LM until 4k yrs. BP, when an abrupt increase in the frequency of river avulsions and crevasses forced the abandonment of the region. After two thousand years of archaeological hiatus, which matches the period of highest river activity in the region, agriculturists reoccupied the Bolivian Amazon., This work was supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) [grants no P300P2158459/1, 200020-141277/1, and 200021-122289] and by the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme [Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions, EU project 703045].

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