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Sumergidos en el Gran Teatro Falla

  • Hernández Soriano, Ricardo
46 Cursos Internacionales Manuel de Falla (Festival Internacional de Música y Danza). Curso de escenografía: La Atlántida, un viaje a Falla. 4-8 de marzo, 2015., El Gran Teatro Falla de Cádiz posee bajo la caja escénica dos plantas de foso sustentadas por sendas salas hipóstilas de pilares de madera. El doble foso provoca un hoyo acústico que amplifica el sonido del escenario, actuando como una caja de resonancia mediante un efecto tambor que abraza al espectador a través de la planta envolvente de herradura., Universidad de Granada. Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura
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Sabiduría casera en forma de refranes y dichos

  • Becerra Hiraldo, José María
Publicado en el periódico Ideal., Disertación sobre refranes y dichos del español, clasificados por contenido semántico.
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The problems of the co-ordination problem

  • Durán, Miguel Ángel
This paper is focused on the Hayekian understanding of the operation of the market as the continuous solution of a co-ordination problem in a decentralised decision-making system. The aim is to show the reasons why the solution of this problem is imperfect. These reasons lie, on the one hand, in deficiencies in the mechanisms to which Hayek ascribes the task of solving the co-ordination problem and, on the other hand, in the implications of the Keynesian view on expectations and the workings of the market process. In this regard, the problem of co-ordination in a Hayekian world would have different implications if Keynes’s theory were taken into consideration and the possibility of mistakes in an uncertain world were not underestimated.
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The role of personal involvement and responsibility in dictatorial allocations: a classroom investigation

  • Brañas-Garza, Pablo
  • Durán, Miguel Ángel
  • Espinosa, María Paz
This paper explores new motivations behind giving. Specifically, it focuses on personal involvement and responsibility to explain why decision makers give positive amounts in dictatorial decisons. The experiment is designed to uncover these motivations. Subjects face the problem of a dictator's allocation of an indivisible pie P to one of two players; indivisibility creates an extremely unequal outcome and the dictator is given a chance to correct this outcome at a cost. The willingness to pay to correct the outcome is examined under different scenarios so that we learn about several features concerning preferences., María Paz Espinosa acknowledges Financial aid from UPV and MCT (BEC2003-02084); Pablo Brañas-Garza from Fundación Ramón Areces (2005-07) and DGCYT (SEJ2004-07554/ECON).
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Inducing a self-fulfilling prophecy in public goods games

  • Brañas-Garza, Pablo
  • Fatás, Enrique
  • Guillén, Pablo
This study explores how a self-fulfilling prophecy can solve a social dilemma. We ran two experimental treatments, baseline and automata. Both consisted of a finitely repeated public goods game with a surprise restart. In the automata treatment it was announced that there might be automata playing a grim trigger strategy. This announcement became a self-fulfilling prophecy. That is, most participants actually followed a grim trigger strategy in the automata treatment resulting on an increase on the average contributions to the public good relative to the baseline treatment. Moreover, four out of nine groups managed to fully cooperate almost until the last period. Furthermore, after the surprise restart, when the automata threat is less credible, subjects’ behavior was very close to that in the original game.
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Do endowments matter for vertical intra-industry trade with emergent countries? Empirical evidence for Spain

  • Milgram Baleix, Juliette
  • Moro-Egido, Ana
In this paper, we study the nature of Spanish intra-industry trade and find that intra-industry trade with CEEC, Asian and Mediterranean countries has increased considerably since the middle of the Nineties. The second aim of the paper is to study if the comparative advantage argument also explains the vertical intra-industry trade between countries with different income levels. To this end we build physical, technological and human capital stocks for a large sample of countries. Results obtained with the panel techniques support the idea of a neo Ricardian explanation of VIIT rather than the neo-Hecksher-Ohlin explanation for intra-industry trade with emergent countries. Furthermore, our results suggest that the variables considered, mostly country-specific better explain vertical intra-industry trade than horizontal intra-industry trade. Results obtained with the Heckman method support the idea that IIT is more likely to occur with emergent countries with higher i ncome per capita and with OECD countries that have a more similar level of income to that of Spain. Differences in endowments play an important role to determine the volume of IIT rather than the probability of IIT to occur. An aditional contribution of this paper is to demonstrate that panel approach allows for more robust conclusions than OLS estimations when explaining intra-industry trade. The Heckman procedure to account for the zero flows also represents a major improvement respect to the standard approach., The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the CICYT Project SEJ2005-001163 (Spanish Ministry of Education and FEDER).
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An investment game with third-party intervention

  • Gary, Charness
  • Cobo-Reyes, Ramón
  • Jiménez, Natalia
This paper explores the effect of the possibility of third-party intervention on behavior in a variant of the Berg, Dickhaut, and McCabe (1995) “Investment Game”. A third-party’s material payoff is not affected by the decisions made by the other participants, but this person may choose to punish a responder who has been overly selfish. The concern over this possibility may serve to discipline potentially-selfish responders. We also explore a treatment in which the third party may also choose to reward a sender who has received a low net payoff as a result of the responder’s action. We find a strong and significant effect of third-party punishment, in both punishment regimes, as the amount sent by the first mover is more than 60% higher when there is the possibility of third-party punishment. We also find that responders return a higher proportion of the amount sent to them when there is the possibility of punishment, with this proportion slightly higher when reward is not feasible. Finally, third parties punish less when reward is feasible, but nevertheless spend more on the combination of reward and punishment when these are both permitted than on punishment when this is the only choice for redressing material outcomes., Natalia Jimenez and Ramon Cobo-Reyes are grateful to CEA (SOCH2.05/43) and Generalitat Valenciana (GV06/275) for financial support.
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And the Oscar goes to ..... Peeeeedrooooo!

  • Aray, Henry
  • Agnani, Betty
In this article we are interested in how the production of Spanish feature films reacts to an Oscar award. We use time series data for the 1953-2008 period and estimate a production function assuming that the Oscar effect accrues through an augmenting input factor. We consider a lag structure that allows the Oscar to have a diminishing effect over time. In general our evidence supports a positive Oscar effect. Nevertheless, the only significant Oscar award at the 1% and 5% levels is that of Talk to Her, which Penélope Cruz euphorically announced with her celebrated cry., The authors gratefully acknowledge financial support from the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science and the Junta de Andalucia through Projects SEJ2007-62081/ECON and SEJ-2547, respectively.
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Reforming the retirement scheme: flexible retirement vs legal retirement age

  • Lacomba Arias, Juan Antonio
  • Lagos García, Francisco Miguel
We compare a Social Security system where people can retire at the age of their own choice with one in which there is a legal retirement age elected through a majority voting process. We analyze how incentives on retirement decisions change depending on the retirement rules. We show that individuals prefer a legal retirement age higher than that they would choose in the flexible scheme since in this scheme they ignore the impact of their decisions on the Social Security budget constraint. In spite of that, we show that when the legal retirement age significantly limits the retirement age of high-wage workers, a flexible scheme would improve the financing of the pension system. Finally, we show that even when pension benefits are higher with a legal retirement age, a flexible system might be implemented since it would be preferred by a majority of the population composed by low- and high-wage workers.
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Differentially expressed genes after treatment with hydroxytyrosol in DMBA-induced rat breast tumors

  • Granados Principal, Sergio
  • Ramírez Tortosa, María del Carmen
  • Quiles Morales, José Luis
  • Ramírez Tortosa, César Luis
  • Sánchez Rovira, Pedro
  • Camacho-Corencia, P.
[Organism] Rattus norvegicus, [Experiment type] Expression profiling by array, [Overall design] Breast tumors were induced with a single oral dose of 7,12-dimethylbenz(alpha)anthracene (100 mg/kg body weight) in female Sprague-Dawley rats to test the antitumor power of orally administrated hydroxytyrosol (0.5 mg/kg body weight 5 days/week for 6 weeks). Gene expression analysis was performed in paired samples as follows: HT final trucut tumor vs initial trucut tumor (HT final vs basal). For this assay, 5 samples were chosen according to histopathologic criteria (Bloom-Richardson grade II). Gene expression profiling was carried out using Affymetrix’s GeneChip technology, using the Rat Genome 230 v2.0 array from this provider. All the protocols and apparatus were recommended by Affymetrix. Total RNA from frozen mammary tumors was extracted by RNeasy Mini kit and homogenized by QIAshredder columns according to manufacturer’s instructions. The quality and quantity of the obtained RNA was checked out through agarose electrophoresis and later spectrophotometry at 260/280 nm. Biotinylated cRNA was synthesized following the IVT labeling kit from Affymetrix and purified by the GeneChip Sample Cleanup Module from Affymetrix. The quality and quantity of the obtained cRNA was again checked out through agarose electrophoresis and posterior spectrophotometry at 260/280 nm. After hybridization, slides were washed and scanned following the manufacturer’s standard protocol. Intensity values were normalized by Robust Multichip Average method and subsequently these were filtered to remove the control sequences and those with a hybridization signal close to background. The spike controls were: BioB, BioC, BioD and Cre; because BioB was the least abundant in the samples, it was used to estimate the sensitivity of the experiment. The housekeeping control was GAPDH. After non-supervised clustering using Pearson correlation coefficient, statistical significance of gene expression was estimated by Student’s T test for paired samples using GeneSpring GX 7.3 software (Agilent)., [Platforms (1)] GPL1355 [Rat230_2] Affymetrix Rat Genome 230 2.0 Array, [Relations] BioProject PRJNA116997, 1. GSM399469 Breast tumor biopsy_hydroxytyrosol_07SE120. [Source name] Breast tumor biopsy, hydroxytyrosol, basal moment. [Characteristics] strain: Sprague-Dawley gender: female age: 12 weeks tissue: Breast tumor. Trucut Biopsy of breast tumor chemically induced with 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene before treatment with hydroxytyrosol. Such biopsy was taken when tumor had 2cm3 volume biopsy dimensions: 0.7 cm x 2.5 mm treatment: none sample: 66D2 (basal), 2. GSM399474 Total breast tumor_hydroxytyrosol_07SE135. [Source name] Total breast tumor, hydroxytyrosol, final moment. [Characteristics] strain: Sprague-Dawley gender: female age: 19 weeks tissue: Breast tumor. Breast tumor chemically induced with 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene at the moment of sacrifice. treatment: hydroxytyrosol (0,5 mg/kg weight/day, 5 days/week, for 6 weeks) by gavage after trucut biopsy. sacrifice: 7th week post-biopsy sample: 66D2 (final), 3. GSM399475 Breast tumor biopsy_hydroxytyrosol_07SE121. [Source name] Breast tumor biopsy, hydroxytyrosol, basal moment. [Characteristics] strain: Sprague-Dawley gender: female age: 12 weeks tissue: Breast tumor. Trucut Biopsy of breast tumor chemically induced with 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene before treatment with hydroxytyrosol. Such biopsy was taken when tumor had 2cm3 volume biopsy dimensions: 0.7 cm x 2.5 mm treatment: none sample: 67D3(basal), 4. GSM399476 Total breast tumor_hydroxytyrosol_07SE136. [Source name] Total breast tumor, hydroxytyrosol, final moment. [Characteristics] strain: Sprague-Dawley gender: female age: 19 weeks tissue: Breast tumor. Breast tumor chemically induced with 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene at the moment of sacrifice. treatment: hydroxytyrosol (0,5 mg/kg weight/day, 5 days/week, for 6 weeks) by gavage after trucut biopsy. sacrifice: 7th week post-biopsy sample: 67D3 (final), 5. GSM399477 Breast tumor biopsy_hydroxytyrosol_07SE122. [Source name] Breast tumor biopsy, hydroxytyrosol, basal moment. [Characteristics] strain: Sprague-Dawley gender: female age: 12 weeks tissue: Breast tumor. Trucut Biopsy of breast tumor chemically induced with 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene before treatment with hydroxytyrosol. Such biopsy was taken when tumor had 2cm3 volume biopsy dimensions: 0.7 cm x 2.5 mm treatment: none sample: 45D3 (basal), 6. GSM399478 Total breast tumor_hydroxytyrosol_07SE137. [Source name] Total breast tumor, hydroxytyrosol, final moment. [Characteristics] strain: Sprague-Dawley gender: female age: 19 weeks tissue: Breast tumor. Breast tumor chemically induced with 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene at the moment of sacrifice. treatment: hydroxytyrosol (0,5 mg/kg weight/day, 5 days/week, for 6 weeks) by gavage after trucut biopsy. sacrifice: 7th week post-biopsy sample: 45D3 (final), 7. GSM399892 Breast tumor biopsy_hydroxytyrosol_07SE123. [Source name] Breast tumor biopsy, hydroxytyrosol, basal moment. [Characteristics] strain: Sprague-Dawley gender: female age: 12 weeks tissue: Breast tumor. Trucut Biopsy of breast tumor chemically induced with 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene before treatment with hydroxytyrosol. Such biopsy was taken when tumor had 2cm3 volume biopsy dimensions: 0.7 cm x 2.5 mm treatment: none sample: 49I1 (basal), 8. GSM399893 Total breast tumor_hydroxytyrosol_07SE138. [Source name] Total breast tumor, hydroxytyrosol, final moment. [Characteristics] strain: Sprague-Dawley gender: female age: 19 weeks tissue: Breast tumor. Breast tumor chemically induced with 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene at the moment of sacrifice. treatment: hydroxytyrosol (0,5 mg/kg weight/day, 5 days/week, for 6 weeks) by gavage after trucut biopsy. sacrifice: 7th week post-biopsy sample: 49I1 (final), 9. GSM399894 Breast tumor biopsy_hydroxytyrosol_07SE124. [Source name] Breast tumor biopsy, hydroxytyrosol, basal moment . [Characteristics] strain: Sprague-Dawley gender: female age: 12 weeks tissue: Breast tumor. Trucut Biopsy of breast tumor chemically induced with 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene before treatment with hydroxytyrosol. Such biopsy was taken when tumor had 2cm3 volume biopsy dimensions: 0.7 cm x 2.5 mm treatment: none sample: 51I1 (basal), 10. GSM399912 Total breast tumor_hydroxytyrosol_07SE139. [Source name] Total breast tumor, hydroxytyrosol, final moment. [Characteristics] strain: Sprague-Dawley gender: female age: 19 weeks tissue: Breast tumor. Breast tumor chemically induced with 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene at the moment of sacrifice. treatment: hydroxytyrosol (0,5 mg/kg weight/day, 5 days/week, for 6 weeks) by gavage after trucut biopsy. sacrifice: 7th week post-biopsy sample: 51I1 (final), The aim of this study was to compare the gene expression profile changes of DMBA-induced rat breast tumors after treatment with hydroxytyrosol (a natural compound from virgin olive oil). To this end, a cDNA microarray experiment was performed (Affymetrix’s Rat Genome 230 2.0 array). This gene expression study was carried out on the tumor biopsy samples prior to hydroxytyrosol treatment, and compared with matched tumor biopsy samples after completion of the hydroxytyrosol treatment schedule. The result of this study was the identification of several genes related to apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, proliferation, differentiation, survival and transformation-related genes.
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