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Una residència de planta complexa de l’ibèric antic al jaciment de Sebes (Flix, Ribera d’Ebre)

  • Belarte Franco, Maria Carme
  • Noguera Guillén, Jaume
  • Olmos Benlloch, Pau
El jaciment protohistòric de Sebes està ocupat de manera continuada des de la segona meitat del segle vii aC fins a principis del segle v aC. S’hi documenten dos hàbitats diferenciats i successius en el temps, així com una necròpolis tumular en ús durant la primera edat del ferro; la cronologia de l’assentament fa que sigui un dels rars exemples on és possible estudiar la transició entre el primer ferro i l’ibèric antic a la vall de l’Ebre. Les estructures d’hàbitat, situades al cim i als vessants d’un turó, han estat fortament alterades per l’erosió, així com per construccions militars relacionades amb la batalla de l’Ebre de 1938. Malgrat això, ha estat possible identificar diverses cases per cada fase d’ocupació. En aquest article ens centrarem en un edifici complex, integrat per quatre àmbits, de la fase de l’ibèric antic., The Protohistoric site of Sebes was occupied continuously from the second half of the 7th century BC to the outset of the 5th century BC. The site comprises two different and successive settlements, as well as a barrow cemetery from the Early Iron Age. The site is one of the rare examples offering the potential of analysing the transition from the Early Iron Age to the Early Iberian period in the Ebro Valley. The features of the settlement on the top and slopes of a hill are greatly altered by both erosion and military constructions raised in 1938 during the Battle of the Ebro. Despite these drawbacks, it is possible to identify a series of dwellings for each phase of occupation. This paper focuses on one complex residence comprising four rooms from the phase of the Early Iberian.
Proyecto:


El poblament protohistòric a la Cessetània septentrional: els cursos alts dels rius Francolí i Gaià

  • Canela Gràcia, Joan, 1984-
La Cessetània ibèrica s’ubicava aproximadament en les regions del Camp de Tarragona, el Penedès i el seu entorn. La definició dels límits septentrionals de la mateixa és un tema complex, si bé hi ha un consens generalitzat entre els investigadors per adscriure la Conca de Barberà al territori dels cessetans. Ens trobem, doncs, en una àrea perifèrica i de transició entre la Cessetània i la Ilergècia, que per diversos motius no ha estat objecte prioritari de la recerca. En aquest article fem una proposta de com s’hauria desenvolupat el poblament protohistòric en aquesta àrea, dins del context del poblament protohistòric en el nord-est peninsular., La Cessetania ibérica se situaba aproximadamente en las regiones del Camp de Tarragona, el Penedès y en su entorno. La definición de los límites septentrionales de la misma es un tema complejo, si bien hay un consenso generalizado entre los investigadores para adscribir la Conca de Barberà en el territorio cessetano. Nos encontramos en un área periférica y de transición entre la Cessetania y la Ilergecia que por diversos motivos no ha sido objeto prioritario de la investigación. En este artículo hacemos una propuesta de cómo se habría desarrollado el poblamiento protohistórico en esta área, dentro del contexto del poblamiento protohistórico del noreste peninsular., Ancient Cessetania was located approximately in the modern regions of Camp de Tarragona and Penedès. Establishing their northern borders is complicated, but researchers agreed Conca de Barberà was part of ancient Cessetania. This is a peripheral and transitional area through Cessetania and Ilergetia which has not been a priority objective of research because multiple motives. In this paper we make a proposal of how this protohistoric settlement could be developed in this area, in the protohistoric settlement context of NE Iberian Peninsula.
Proyecto:


El sepulcro turriforme conocido como la Torre de los Escipiones (Tárraco, Hispania citerior). Una nueva restitución con propuesta sobre su dedicante

  • Gris, Ferran
  • Ruíz de Arbulo, Joaquín
Se presenta una nueva restitución fotogramétrica del sepulcro conocido como Torre de los Escipiones situado junto a la Vía Augusta, 6 km al noreste de Tárraco. La restitución ya publicada del carmen funerario sobre tabula ansata nos permite definir el sepulcro como un cenotafio y gracias a su aparato decorativo en piedra local resulta posible datarlo en torno al cambio de Era. No obstante, la decoración escogida para el frontal con dos imágenes de Atis resulta excepcional para esa cronología. El hallazgo en Mataró de una placa funeraria del primer duoviro quinquenal del municipio iluronense, L. Marcio Optato, miembro del orden ecuestre muerto en Frigia, nos proporciona una evidencia fundamental ya que Marcio es mencionado como edil en Tárraco antes de asumir el resto de su cursus honorum. Eso situaría en Tárraco a su familia, obligada igualmente a recordar su memoria con otro monumentum y explicaría de forma magnífica la decoración escogida de los Atis, la divinidad funeraria propia de Frigia y de toda el Asia Menor., This paper present a new photogrammetric reconstruction of the burial feature known as the Tower of the Scipios raised adjacent to the Via Augusta 6 km northeast of Tarraco. The previous published restitution of the funerary carmen on a tabula ansata identifies the tomb as a cenotaph. Moreover, its decorative elements made of local stone date the feature to the turn of the era. However, the two images of Atis decorating its frontal are exceptional in this timeframe. The discovery in Mataró of a funerary plaque of the first five-year duumviri of the Iluronense municipality of L. Marcio Optato, a member of the equestrian order who met his death in Phrygia, offers fundamental evidence as Marcio is cited as an aedile in Tarraco before assuming his remaining cursus honorum. The artefact would place his family in Tarraco where they were obliged to pay tribute to his memory by raising another monumentum. This also clearly explains the choice of the representation of Attis, the funerary deity of Phrygia and all of Asia Minor.
Proyecto:


Desarrollo y validación del cuestionario sobre condicionantes de éxito escolar en alumnos de secundaria

  • Longás Mayayo, Jordi
  • Carrillo Alvarez, Elena
  • Fornieles Deu, Albert
  • Riera Romaní, Jordi
El fracaso escolar supone un gran desafío tanto a nivel individual como a ni‑ vel social, por su impacto negativo en la cohe‑ sión social, la participación ciudadana, el desa‑ rrollo económico, la sostenibilidad e incluso su incidencia sobre los hábitos de salud. Diversos estudios han puesto de manifiesto la asociación entre el nivel socioeconómico familiar y los re‑ sultados escolares, hasta el punto de que dicho factor se ha considerado su principal determi‑ nante. No obstante, el hecho de atribuir el fra‑ caso escolar esencialmente al contexto de per‑ tenencia solo tiene valor descriptivo y podría estar dificultando el desarrollo de respuestas más adecuadas a este gran desafío. Una mejor comprensión sistémica e integral del fenóme‑ no podría contribuir a un mejor abordaje de la problemática mediante el desarrollo de nuevas propuestas de política pública y de acción so‑ cioeducativa. Para ello, es necesario disponer de los instrumentos de medida adecuados que evalúen diferentes dimensiones de una mane‑ ra integrada. Método: el objetivo del presente estudio es evaluar las propiedades psicométri‑ cas del Cuestionario sobre Condicionantes de Éxito Escolar (CCEE) en una muestra de 858 alumnos de secundaria residentes en contextos socio-demográficos vulnerables de 5 ciudades españolas. El cuestionario recoge ítems sobre aquellos factores que la literatura especiali‑ zada ha vinculado de manera relevante con el rendimiento escolar, excluyendo aquellos que ya disponen de cuestionarios específicos vali‑ dados. Resultados: el análisis de componentes principales dio lugar a 7 factores: contexto esco‑ lar, relaciones con los compañeros, expectativas personales, capital social, recursos TIC para el estudio, clima en clase y apoyo familiar. Los ín‑ dices de ajuste muestran unas buenas propie‑ dades del cuestionario. Conclusión: se concluye que el CCEE es un instrumento que posee pro‑ piedades psicométricas adecuadas para su uso en la identificación de factores que apoyan el éxito educativo en alumnos de secundaria., School failure is a major challenge at individual and social levels, ow‑ ing to its negative impact on social cohesion, citizen participation, economic development, and sustainability and also its impact on health habits. Various studies have shown the link between family socio-economic lev‑ el and educational results, to the point that this factor has been regarded as their princi‑ pal determinant. Nonetheless, the essential‑ ly attributing school failure to the students’ milieu is only descriptive in value and could impede the development of more appropri‑ ate responses to this challenge. A better systemic and integral understanding of the phenomenon might contribute to a better ap‑ proach to the problem through the develop‑ ment of new proposals for public policy and socio-educational actions. To this end, it is necessary to have appropriate measurement instruments that evaluate different dimen‑ sions in an integrated manner. Method: The objective of this study is to evaluate the psy‑ chometric properties of the Questionnaire on Determinants of Success at School (QDSS) in a sample of 858 secondary-school students resident in vulnerable socio-demographic settings from 5 Spanish cities. The ques‑ tionnaire combines items about factors that specialist literature has significantly linked to educational attainment, excluding those that already have specific validated ques‑ tionnaires. Results: The principal component analysis gave 7 factors: school environment, relationships with classmates, personal ex‑ pectations, social capital, ITC study resourc‑ es, climate in class, and family support. The goodness of fit indices show good properties for the questionnaire. Conclusion: The QDSS is an instrument that has appropriate psy‑ chometric properties for use in identifying factors that support educational success in secondary-school students.
Proyecto:


Eugeni Xammar: un superperiodista sobrevolant el futur

  • Canosa, Francesc,
Eugeni Xammar is the most international journalist that Catalonia has ever had. He lived a good part of his life abroad working for all kinds of mass media and political entities. War correspondent during the First World War and witness to the rise and triumph of Nazism, his journalist nose sniffed out the great events of Europe between the wars. His brief, clear, concise, eclectic and acute style is that of a modern journalist who has to explain a quick new world in a few lines. Xammer was a total, global journalist who anticipated the future and the journalism of tomorrow
Proyecto:


La franquesa i la transparència en la retòrica presidencial als Estats units

  • Franch Puig, Pere
In contrast to Strauss’ esoteric art of writing (which provides the philosopher with a kind of language that will be understood only by those who will not persecute him),Antonio Lastra proposes a constitutional art of writing, based on the frankness and the transparency inspired by the founding texts of the United States, in particular, the Constitution. That rhetoric of frankness is present in presidential addresses, but behind that transparency lies the desire to reinforce the citizens’ identification with institutions and, especially, to convince the public about the rightness of any decision that the government has made frankly and openly and which has been scrutinized by the media. In a society which enjoys freedom of speech, we can make the mistake of punishing lies more than evil, or of justifying the worst errors if made openly and in the glare of the mass media.
Proyecto:


“Match Point” i la filosofia de primers de segle

  • Tresserras Majó, Miquel,
In the hands of certain ‘auteurs’ such as Bresson, Passolini, Allen, Lynch or Von Trier, the cinema addressed to the public at large presents stories from which topics emerge which are raised above current events and deal instead with philosophical questions. Thus, despite appearances, ‘Match Point’ is not a film about ordinary life, the material of the society pages of newspapers, but rather, starting from the typical plot of a thriller, Woody Allen raises a reflection on the meaning of ethics and, thus, of life. He philosophizes. A types of philosophy in which reverberates the idea of Vattimo, according to whom so-called postmodern philosophy has a tendency to distance itself from the traditional systems and adopt a colloquial language that is “contaminated” and “weak”, but which makes accessible to the public at large a serious reflection on problems which are vital in the world today.
Proyecto:


Retòrica i publicitat. Apunts sobre criteris comuns

  • Altarriba Sensada, Miquel
Aristotelian pragmatics recommends that, in the exordia, one should expose the facts, while in the epilogue, one should summarize the arguments. Here we can recognize tools that are clearly those of advertising. The headline and the slogan, each with its own function, are normally the synthesis of what one wants to communicate. Like a brief and clear exordium, then, we want to point out that there are rhetorical criteria which are not only valid but in fact necessary for advertising, inasmuch as not everyone who knows advertising knows how to communicate. As in the past, advertising must study, first, the subject, which includes the topic, its pertinence and its meaning; and secondly, the elaboration, which deals with the question of the treatment which it must receive. Certainly, the advertising professional today, in addition to being familiar with the marketing of companies and institutions, with conventional media and below the line marketing, must demonstrate talent and expertise and practice authentic engineering in finding criteria, method and culmination in classical rhetoric, which considers above all the audience, topic, cause and circumstances as well as the arguments that are necessary or pertinent in each case.
Proyecto:


(In)justicia digital

  • Micó, Josep Lluís, 1974-
When courts administer justice, they are making decisions of a political nature. The sentences pronounced by judges and magistrates help to configure the framework of harmonious coexistence en the society of each country. Their juridical action resolves the primary conflicts unleashed in new areas or disciplines, however far these may be from the field of the Law. This happens, for example, with journalism on the Internet. However, in this case, the journalists will also have to intervene in these controversies in order to arrive at ethical and appropriate solutions based strictly on professional criteria. It is at this point that the need for both clear and flexible self-regulation is born. Otherwise, injustices will be committed that are endorsed by current legislation. Two recent cases have led us to this conclusion. Although the sentence was partially overturned, an American judge determined that the authors of supposedly informative weblogs did not enjoy the same rights as professional journalists and attempted to oblige three bloggers (the authors of Thinksecret, PowerPage and Apple Insider) to reveal their sources. Furthermore, in another sentence which was also not definitive, a Spanish magistrate decreed that the photographers for the newspaper ‘La Vanguardia’ should be paid extra for the use of their work in the on-line edition of the paper.
Proyecto:


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