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The City as a Studio. Architectural Education through Bodily Experience

  • Avci, Ozan
Architectural knowledge has a dynamic character and can be discovered collectively during architectural education. The place of this discovery and production process can be considered as the “studio” and this studio doesn’t have to be limited in a building. To extend the limits of the studio to city scale creates new opportunities both for the students and the locals. Visiting different parts of the city and converting those places into a studio triggers encounters. Every encounter is a creative and productive act. As a course of its nature, the city is the place of confrontations and encounters. Being, producing and discussing in the city creates an atmosphere where intellectual, imaginative and creative encounters emerge. This emergence can be considered as a flashmob. Flash-mobs demonstrate the power of bodily experience and highlights the importance of performativity. Each student constructs a mental and muscle memory by his/her own bodily experience during the studio hours in the city. This experience let us to create an extra curriculum such as historical, socioeconomical, natural and cultural aspects and everyday life practices of the place. In this paper, I would like to discuss my way of teaching as a retroactive research. I prefer to use the city – Istanbul – as a studio and visit different parts of it for my courses. In this way, an architectural course turns into a retroactive research based on bodily experience. Each event of perception opens up to its own world and the world of perception is merged with the real world itself. When you use the city as a studio, the dynamic character of architectural knowledge unfolds itself and extends its content. In this critical pedagogy, architectural education becomes interactive between the city users and the students and transforms both of them.

Reality Check. Multidisciplinary ways of conditioning space

  • Menikou, Markella
  • Cleanthous, Adonis
The aim of the paper is to illustrate a series of pedagogical strategies utilized concerning the integration of other disciplines in the design process towards redefining ways of conditioning space. Via the agenda of a specific design studio laboratory the quest for integration is tested and the boundaries of architecture and other disciplines are being challenged. The thematic of the studio poses “technology” as a lens to inspect the future of architecture, therefore it provides a fertile ground for reciprocally investigating the future of other disciplines. A series of specific methodologies and processes are explored in order to encourage a multidisciplinary approach. These processes spread throughout the year as a continuous crossover of themes, exercises, workshops, references, case studies and discussions. The Reality check exercise aims at redefining ways of innovatively conditioning space by integrating personalised insights from the disciplines of mechanical, environmental and structural engineering, construction and building services.

Urban Catalogues. Review and critical analysis of a tool for heritage protection

  • Pérez-Eguíluz, Víctor
  • Fernández-Maroto, Miguel
  • Jiménez Jiménez, Marina
This paper aims to analyse the use of urban catalogues as a tool for the protection of the built heritage, the results that have been achieved so far and the possibilities for its integration in the current paradigm of urban regeneration. We intend to evaluate to what extent this kind of instruments have been effective to ensure the conservation of singular buildings, because at first sight the results do not seem satisfactory, at least in the way that they have been used in Spain. In this regard, it is necessary to explain the difficulties that they have to face and explore possible alternatives in a renovated context of multidisciplinary collaboration and integration of urban regeneration policies.

Architecture as a control device. Disciplinary strategies on architecture as a post-Enlightenment tendency

  • Carrasco Hidalgo, Alejandro
The turn between the 18th and the 19th century involved a lot of changes in Europe in the social, cultural and intellectual spheres of society. During this period a whole new group of strategies were applied in order to fight against ignorance and superstition through knowledge and science. In this moment, and because positivism was also applied to buildings and cities, architecture is stablished as the main device that ensures full social control, substituting the open spaces where public punishments were displayed during previous centuries. These rituals were not considered necessary anymore, and institutions based in the use of discipline intensified their activity. These institutions pretended to control people by building knowledge on them. Typologies like prisons, schools or hospitals appeared then, and, even though they have different purposes, they all shared the same strategies. So, can architecture and the city be understood as devices used to ensure social control?

Ecological Milan! How contemporary Global and Local architecture and urban practices can change our idea of ecology and sustainability

  • Bovati, Marco
  • Heidari Afsari, Arian
The main aim of this paper is to critically reflect upon the very notion of ecological practice principles, employing recent case-study practices in order to redefine contemporary culture that may affect future architectural projects, representations and practices. The noteworthy ready-built projects in Milan, will be under investigation for their loaded or real ecological values in their own scales as well as for the city. The attempt is to reflect upon the criteria which today Milan and citizens are expecting from the two main existing camps of ecological practices; one with considerable financial and physical corporative-like scale and the other with local grassroots participatory approaches. The paper though tries to portray the critical contemporary landscape of ecological practices in today’s Milan, where binary oppositions like globalization and localization, top-down private and bottom-up participatory processes, high and low tech, artificial and natural solutions are in direct dialogue with each other.

Metepistemological Peratology. Perspectives on the Limit in Art, Science and beyond

  • Vidrașcu, Adrian
This paper is part of the author’s doctoral studies, focused on the Architectural Ecotonics. Architecture is the art and science of the built limits, but the limit, in this case, is a complex system that we study from different perspectives, considering a comparative and metepistemic approach that we define, calling not only architecture, but also literature, mathematics and music into the argumentation area. The boundary spaces studied by the Ecotonics are the key to an environmental integration of architecture and a new approach in theoretical and applied ecological policies. The bath(m)ological perspective on the limit is both a filter and a solution we propose for the topological interpretation of the limit in architecture as well as for the new, broadened epistemological approach. Fuzziness, interference and harmony have a synergetic influence on the main concepts. Architecture has particular characteristics, offering the opportunity to challenge the other discipline’s limits and, ultimately, re-definitions.

A Retroactive Interference between Art and Architecture. A Research Experience between Art and Architecture about the Vele in Scampia and its Future

  • Nobile, Maria Luna
Thinking about the architectural project as a broader process first requires reflecting on the role of architecture in urban transformation. In different ways the project becomes an element of interpretation of the real world, and the architect, as an author, conquers a position that goes beyond the classical boundaries of the discipline, through the contamination with other disciplines. Art has always been an interpretative tool. In particular, the research presented focuses on the retroactive interferences between Art and Architecture and on the ability of architecture to extend the limits of the imaginary, both as a discipline capable of interacting with different skills, and as an architectural artefact considered as an Open Work. The architecture of the ”Vele” in Scampia is the protagonist of this research, that supports the production of the background material as part of a visual art project of the photographer Hans Wilschut for the Center for Visual Art CBK in Rotterdam, carried out in collaboration with the curator Patricia Pulles. The architecture of the ”Vele”, the impressive visual impact and the interesting architectural structure that is still present, but heavily damaged, and the impact that this architecture has on the perception of the same inhabitants and the actual decline of the area towards a new future, are the key topics of this extended abstract.

Ecological Footprint to Assess Sustainability of Educational Campuses. University of Kurdistan as a Case

  • Hamed Abdi, Mohammad
The Ecological footprint (EF) has been increasingly acquired attention as an index to measure the sustainable development during last decades. It was originally emerged as a measure of sustainability since it highlights biophysical limits of the consumed resources. In general, educational campuses usually encompass ample areas, and are associated with diverse disposal resources and consumption patterns. The study seeks to measure EF index as an effective indicator for University of Kurdistan Campus (UOKC) in Iran, consider appropriate methods all to gain specific values, and provide useful information available for the university community in terms of the environmental respects. To do so, this paper involves a componential method of the EF to calculate the UOKC's EF level. The Results demonstrated that the largest component was the EF level of energy, accounting for 44.52% of the total EF, then, the EF level of wastes, and the EF level of the traffic located second and third level respectively. All in all, regarding the results, UOKC can be assessed as unsustainable area thanks to the total EF which is high at roughly 66.8 times larger than its own campus’ area.

From landscapes to lawscapes. Law, bodies and agencies of the border understood as an architectural apparatus

  • Giráldez López, Antonio
Which is the role of Law in the production of contemporary border? Can we define Law as a non material vector or should we acknowledge is material dimension, embodied in certain architectures and agents as border show us? This paper proposes an approach to the contemporary border production logics through two case studies and two key concepts. The infamous Tarajal tragedy (Ceuta, 2014) and the riots in Aluche’s CIE (Foreigner Detention Centre) during 2010. We will analyse these events through the lawscape and assemblage logics. This will unveil not only spatial production mechanisms that connect laws, bodies and agencies, but also the implicit spatial violence inherent to each production.

The Collaborative City. How to develop urban project considering expanded and inedited fields?

  • Baron, Guillaume
This paper draws a link between citizens’ initiative, architectural practice and architectural education. The core of this research focuses on “bottom-up” design processes, which may illustrate the paradigm of an inedited “collaborative city” characterized by a wider stakeholders’ involvement. The first part defines the theoretical conditions for a new paradigm, “a new system of values, that illustrate a new representation of the world, in a new coherent system” by analysing a corpus of recent completions where stakeholders’ status, type of financing and duration reverse the traditional “topdown” process of designing projects. But those examples don’t identify the architect as the central character of this inedited process, that’s why the second part of this “retroactive research” paper develops personal project where the architect gathers various disciplines within an integrative process of design, where the collaborative economy acts as a generator to face the velocity of urban degeneration of two suburban cities of Paris. The third part sheds light on architectural education and pedagogical experimentations, which prepare future architects to play a central role in a collaborative process where methodologies of design and extra-architectural alliances look more relevant than preconceived aesthetical and theoretical positions. Finally, the paper concludes with a categorization of skills taken from our previous examples, and argues that if architects want to be play a major role in urban design, architecture academies should immediately integrate those competences to their curriculum.

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