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Leucemía linfoblástica aguda pro B del lactante MLL-AF4+: avances en la etiología y origen celular mediante el uso de células troncales embrionarias y mesenquimales

  • Catalina Carmona, Purificación
Tesis Univ. Granada. Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular III e Inmunología

Cómo mejorar la comprensión y comunicación de información sobre riesgos médicos y de salud, How to improve the comprehension and communication of information about medical and health risks

  • Okan Gil, Yasmina
Tesis Univ. Granada. Programa Oficial de Doctorado en Psicología, The studies presented in this dissertation were funded by a grant awarded by the Informed Medical Decisons Foundation (United States) to Yasmina Okam (ref. #0230-1), by the Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (Spain, ref. #PSI2011-22954; #PSI2008-02019, #PSI2009-12217), and were supported by the Max Planck Society.

Modulation of ion transport in inflammatory bowel diseases: regulatory targets

  • Romero-Calvo, Isabel
Tesis Univ. Granada. Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular II

Neuropsicología cultural en población árabe: evaluación en adultos y niños

  • Fasfous, Ahmed
Tesis Univ. Granada. Departamento de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamiento Psicológico

Motivational component profiles in university students learning histology: a comparative study between genders and different health science curricula

  • Campos Sánchez, Antonio
  • López Núñez, Juan Antonio
  • Carriel Araya, Víctor
  • Martín-Piedra, Miguel Ángel
  • Sola Martínez, Tomás
  • Alaminos Mingorance, Miguel
Background: The students' motivation to learn basic sciences in health science curricula is poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of different components of motivation (intrinsic motivation, self-determination, self-efficacy and extrinsic -career and grade-motivation) on learning human histology in health science curricula and their relationship with the final performance of the students in histology. Methods: Glynn Science Motivation Questionnaire II was used to compare students' motivation components to learn histology in 367 first-year male and female undergraduate students enrolled in medical, dentistry and pharmacy degree programs. Results: For intrinsic motivation, career motivation and self-efficacy, the highest values corresponded to medical students, whereas dentistry students showed the highest values for self-determination and grade motivation. Genders differences were found for career motivation in medicine, self-efficacy in dentistry, and intrinsic motivation, self-determination and grade motivation in pharmacy. Career motivation and self-efficacy components correlated with final performance in histology of the students corresponding to the three curricula. Conclusions: Our results show that the overall motivational profile for learning histology differs among medical, dentistry and pharmacy students. This finding is potentially useful to foster their learning process, because if they are metacognitively aware of their motivation they will be better equipped to self-regulate their science-learning behavior in histology. This information could be useful for instructors and education policy makers to enhance curricula not only on the cognitive component of learning but also to integrate students' levels and types of motivation into the processes of planning, delivery and evaluation of medical education., This research was supported by the Unidad de Innovación Docente, University of Granada, Spain through grants UGR11-294 and UGR11-303.

Extreme Saharan dust event over the southern Iberian Peninsula in september 2007: active and passive remote sensing from surface and satellite

  • Guerrero-Rascado, Juan Luis
  • Olmo Reyes, Francisco José
  • Avilés-Rodríguez, I.
  • Navas-Guzmán, Francisco
  • Pérez-Ramírez, Daniel
  • Lyamani, H.
  • Alados Arboledas, Lucas
This study investigates aerosol optical properties during the extreme Saharan dust event detected from 3 to 7 September 2007 over Granada, southern Iberian Peninsula, with both active and passive remote sensing instrumentation from surface and satellite. The intensity of the event was visualized on the aerosol optical depth series obtained by the sun-photometer Cimel CE 318-4 operated at Granada in the framework of AERONET from August 2004 until December 2008 (level 2 data). A combination of large aerosol optical depth (0.86–1.50) at 500 nm, and reduced Angström exponent (0.1–0.25) in the range 440–870 nm, was detected on 6 September during daytime. This Saharan dust event also affected other Iberian Peninsula stations included in AERONET (El Arenosillo and Évora stations), and it was monitored by MODIS instrument on board Aqua satellite. Vertically resolved measurements were performed by a ground-based Raman Lidar and by CALIPSO satellite. During the most intense stage, on 6 September, maximum aerosol backscatter values were a factor of 8 higher than other maxima during this Saharan dust event. Values up to 1.5×10−2 km−1 sr−1 at 355 and 532 nm were detected in the layer with the greatest aerosol load between 3–4 km a.s.l., although aerosol particles were also detected up to 5.5 km a.s.l. In this stage of the event, dust particles at these altitudes showed a backscatter-related Angström exponent between –0.44 and 0.53 for the two spectral intervals considered. The results from different measurements (active/passive and ground-based/satellite) reveal the importance of performing multi-instrumental measurements to properly characterize the contribution of different aerosol types from different sources during extreme events. The atmospheric stabilization effect of the aerosol particles has been characterized by computing the solar heating rates using SBDART code., This work is supported by the Spanish Ministry of Education project CGL2007-66477-C02-01 and CSD2007-00067, by Andalusian Regional Government projects P06-RNM-01503 and P08-RNM-3568, and by the EARLINETASOS project (EU Coordination Action, contract No. 025991 (RICA)).

Mineral element contents in commercially valuable fish species in Spain

  • Rivas, A.
  • Peña-Rivas, Luis
  • Ortega Bernaldo de Quirós, Eduardo
  • López-Martínez, Concepción
  • Olea Serrano, Fátima
  • Lorenzo Tovar, María Luisa
The aim of this study was to measure selected metal concentrations in Trachurus trachurus, Trachurus picturatus, and Trachurus mediterraneus, which are widely consumed in Spain. Principal component analysis suggested that the variable Cr was the main responsible variable for the identification of T. trachurus, the variables As and Sn for T. mediterraneus, and the rest of variables for T. picturatus. This well-defined discrimination between fish species provided by mineral element allows us to distinguish them on the basis of their metal content. Based on the samples collected, and recognizing the inferential limitation of the sample size of this study, the metal concentrations found are below the proposed limit values for human consumption. However, it should be taken into consideration that there are other dietary sources of these metals. In conclusion, metal contents in the fish species analyzed are acceptable for human consumption from a nutritional and toxicity point of view.

Leishmania spp. epidemiology of canine leishmaniasis in the Yucatan Peninsula

  • López-Céspedes, Ángeles
  • Longoni, Silvia Stefania
  • Sauri-Arceo, C. H.
  • Sánchez-Moreno, Manuel
  • Rodríguez-Vivas, R. I.
  • Escobedo-Ortegón, F. J.
  • Barrera-Pérez, M. A.
  • Bolio-González, M. E.
  • Marín Sánchez, Clotilde
Canine Leishmaniasis is widespread in various Mexican states, where different species of Leishmania have been isolated from dogs. In the present study, we describe the detection of L. braziliensis, L. infantum, and L. mexicana in serum of dogs from the states of Yucatan and Quintana Roo in the Yucatan Peninsula (Mexico). A total of 412 sera were analyzed by ELISA using the total extract of the parasite and the iron superoxide dismutase excreted by different trypanosomatids as antigens. We found the prevalence of L. braziliensis to be 7.52%, L. infantum to be 6.07%, and L. mexicana to be 20.63%, in the dog population studied. The results obtained with ELISA using iron superoxide dismutase as the antigen were confirmed by western blot analysis with its greater sensitivity, and the agreement between the two techniques was very high.

The numerical semigroup of phrases' lengths in a simple alphabet

  • Robles-Pérez, Aureliano M.
  • Rosales González, José Carlos
Let A be an alphabet with two elements. Considering a particular class of words (the phrases) over such an alphabet, we connect with the theory of numerical semigroups. We study the properties of the family of numerical semigroups which arise from this starting point., Both of the authors are supported by FQM-343 (Junta de Andalucía), MTM2010-15595 (MICINN, Spain), and FEDER funds. The second author is also partially supported by Junta de Andalucía/Feder Grant no. FQM-5849.

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