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Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/272907
Dataset

SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL FROM "THE BIOGEOGRAPHY OF COMMUNITY ASSEMBLY: LATITUDE AND PREDATION DRIVE VARIATION IN COMMUNITY TRAIT DISTRIBUTION IN A GUILD OF EPIFAUNAL CRUSTACEANS"

  • Gross, Collin P.
  • Duffy, Emmett
  • Hovel, Kevin
  • Kardish, Melissa R.
  • Reynolds, Pamela L.
  • Boström, Christoffer
  • Boyer, Katharyn
  • Cusson, Mathieu
  • Eklöf, Johan
  • Engelen, Aschwin H.
  • Eriksson, Britas Klemens
  • Fodrie, Fredrick Joel
  • Griffin, John N.
  • Hereu, Clara M.
  • Hori, Masakazu
  • Hughes, A. Randall
  • Ivanov, Mikhail V.
  • Jorgensen, Pablo
  • Kruschel, Claudia
  • Lee, Kun-Seop
  • Lefcheck, Jonathan
  • McGlathery, Karen J.
  • Moksnes, Per-Olav
  • Nakaoka, Masahiro
  • O'Connor, Mary
  • O'Connor, Nessa E.
  • Olsen, Jeanine
  • Orth, Robert J.
  • Peterson, Bradley J.
  • Reiss, Henning
  • Rossi, Francesca
  • Ruesink, Jennifer
  • Sotka, Erik E.
  • Thormar, Jonas
  • Tomàs, Fiona
  • Unsworth, Richard
  • Voigt, Erin
  • Whalen, Matthew A.
  • Ziegler, Shelby
  • Stachowicz, J. J.
While considerable evidence exists of biogeographic patterns in the intensity of species interactions, the influence of these patterns on variation in community structure is less clear. Studying how the distributions of traits in communities vary along global gradients can inform how variation in interactions and other factors contribute to the process of community assembly. Using a model selection approach on measures of trait dispersion in crustaceans associated with eelgrass (Zostera marina) spanning 30° of latitude in two oceans, we found that dispersion strongly increased with increasing predation and decreasing latitude. Ocean and epiphyte load appeared as secondary predictors; Pacific communities were more overdispersed while Atlantic communities were more clustered, and increasing epiphytes were associated with increased clustering. By examining how species interactions and environmental filters influence community structure across biogeographic regions, we demonstrate how both latitudinal variation in species interactions and historical contingency shape these responses. Community trait distributions have implications for ecosystem stability and functioning, and integrating large-scale observations of environmental filters, species interactions and traits can help us predict how communities may respond to environmental change., This research was funded by National Science Foundation grants to J.E.D., J.J.S. and K.A.H. (NSF-OCE 1336206, OCE 1336905, and OCE 1336741). C.B. was funded by the Åbo Akademi University Foundation., Peer reviewed

Proyecto: //
DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/272907
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/272907
HANDLE: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/272907
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/272907
PMID: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/272907
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/272907
Ver en: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/272907
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/272907

Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/272926
Dataset

DATASET: SUSCEPTIBILITY TO MILK FAT DEPRESSION IN DAIRY SHEEP AND GOATS: INDIVIDUAL VARIATION IN RUMINAL FERMENTATION AND BIOHYDROGENATION

  • Della Badia, Antonella
  • Frutos, Pilar
  • Toral, Pablo G.
  • Hervás, Gonzalo
Agencia Estatal de Investigación (AGL2017-87812-R y PID2020-113441RB-I00). Cofinanciación FEDER. A. Della Badia: contrato predoctoral FPI (PRE2018-086174) del MICINN. Cofinanciación Fondo Social Europeo., Peer reviewed

DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/272926, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14678
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/272926
HANDLE: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/272926, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14678
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/272926
PMID: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/272926, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14678
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/272926
Ver en: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/272926, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14678
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/272926

Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273128
Dataset

BIOGEOCHEMICAL VARIABLES ALONG THE SOIL PROFILE OF THREE SALTMARSH CORES SAMPLED IN AN ESTUARY OF THE GULF OF BISCAY

  • Mazarrasa, Inés
  • García-Orellana, Jordi
  • Puente, Araceli
  • Juanes, José A.
This database contains data on different biogeochemical variables measured in three soil cores (32-39 cm long) sampled in a saltmarsh community of the Bay of Santander (Gulf of Biscay). Soil cores were extracted in June 2019 within an area of 25 m2 in a high marsh community located at the mouth of the Miera estuary, within the Bay of Santander (43.452136°/ -3.748134°) by manually hammering a PVC tube (60 cm L * 7 cm Ø). Compression was measured during sampling of each of the cores. The cores were preserved frozen until processing. The longest core (BS2A1, 39 cm) was sliced every 1 cm, whereas the other two cores (BSA2, BS2A3) were sliced every 2 cm for the top 20 cm and every 5 cm for the deeper layers. Each sediment slice was measured for wet volume and dried at 60 ºC for a minimum of 72 h. The dry weight of each slice was measured and used together with wet volume to estimate sediment dry bulk density (DBD in g·cm-3). Soil organic carbon content (Corg % DW) was measured every two or three slices along the sediment depth profile of each core. Corg was analyzed in the IHLab Bio laboratory of the IHCantabria using a TC analyzer (Shimadzu TOC-L + SSM-5000A). Grain size analysis was performed every other sample at the Universitat de Barcelona with a Beckman Coulter LS GB500. Organic Corg isotopic signature (δ13Corg) (in pre-acidified subsamples) was measured using an Elemental Analyzer Flash IRMS coupled with an Isotope Ratio Mass Spectrometry (DeltaV A) at the Universidad de la Coruña. The years of sediment accumulation were estimated from concentration profiles of 210Pb, determined by alpha spectrometry through the measurement of its granddaughter 210Po, assuming radioactive equilibrium between both radionuclides. About 100–200 mg aliquots of each sample were spiked with 209Po and microwave digested with a mixture of concentrated HNO3 and HF. Boric acid was then added to complex fluorides. The resulting solutions were evaporated and diluted to 100 mL 1M HCl and Po isotopes were auto plated onto pure silver disks. Polonium emissions were measured by alpha spectrometry using PIPS detectors (CANBERRA, Mod.PD-450.18 A.M). Reagent blanks were comparable to the detector backgrounds. Analyses of replicate samples and reference materials were carried out systematically to ensure the accuracy and the precision of the results. The supported 210Pb was estimated as the average 210Pb concentration of the deepest layers once 210Pb reached constant values. Then, excess 210Pb (210Pbxs) concentrations were obtained by subtracting the supported 210Pb from the total 210Pb. Age model of the sediment depth profile records was obtained by modeling the 210Pbxs concentration profiles along the accumulated mass at each site. The model age of the sediment record was estimated using the Constant Flux: Constant Sedimentation model (CF:CS, 76). In order to assess the impact of the bridge construction on the biogeochemical properties of the saltmarsh soil, we compare all biogeochemical properties across two sections of the core, divided based on the results of 210Pb dating: sediments accumulated before and after the building of the bridge (i.e., before vs. after 1978).concentration profiles of 210Pb and applying the Constant Flux: Constant Sedimentation model (CF:CS, Krishnaswamy et al. 1971)., This database contains biogeochemical data on different biogeochemical variables measured in three soil cores sampled in a saltmarsh community of the Bay of Santander (Gulf of Biscay)., These data were compiled with the contribution of the LIFE Programme of the European Union to the Project ADAPTA BLUES (ref. LIFE18 CCA/ ES/001160). This document reflects only the author’s view and the Agency/ Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.Authors acknowledges the financial support from the Government of Cantabria through the Fénix Programme. The authors want to thank the support of the Generalitat de Catalunya to MERS (2017 SGR-1588) and the Spanish Government for the “Maria de Maeztu” program for Units of Excellence to ICTA (grant no. CEX2019-000940-M)., -Infrastructure impact_Data.xlsx: the Database to be published. -Variables Database.xlsx, Peer reviewed

Proyecto: //
DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273128, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14682
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273128
HANDLE: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273128, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14682
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273128
PMID: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273128, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14682
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273128
Ver en: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273128, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14682
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273128

Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273122
Dataset

MUS MUSCULUS DOMESTICUS VKORC1 GENE GENOTYPES IN THE CITY OF BARCELONA

  • Ruiz-López, María José
  • Barahona, Laura
  • Martínez de la Puente, Josué
  • Pepió, Marta
  • Valsecchi, Andrea
  • Peracho, Víctor
  • Figuerola, Jordi
  • Montalvo, Tomás
During the sampling period from 29/10/2018 to 31/01/2020, traps were installed inside the municipal facilities in the City of Barcelona. 111 Mus musculus domesticus simples were collected and a tail fragment was taken and stored at -20ºC for subsequent molecular analysis. We extracten genomic DNA and analyzed the mutations in the Vkorc1 gene in exon 1, exon 2 and exon 3 that are 174 bp, 110 bp and 202 bp long, respectively, and encode in total 161 amino acids., Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona., Peer reviewed

Proyecto: //
DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273122, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14680
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273122
HANDLE: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273122, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14680
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273122
PMID: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273122, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14680
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273122
Ver en: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273122, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14680
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273122

Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273126
Dataset

DATA SUPPORTING THE RESULTS PUBLISHED IN THE PAPER ENTITLED "MODULATION OF YEAST ERG1 EXPRESSION AND TERBINAFINE SUSCEPTIBILITY BY IRON BIOAVAILABILITY"

  • Jordá, Tania
  • Martínez-Martín, Ana
  • Martínez-Pastor, María Teresa
  • Puig, Sergi
The dataset is made available under the Open Database License. Any rights in individual contents of the database are licensed under the Database Contents License. Please, read the full ODbL 1.0 license text for the exact terms that apply. Users of the dataset are free to: Share: copy, distribute and use the database, either commercially or non-commercially. Create: produce derivative works from the database. Adapt: modify, transform and build upon the database. Under the following conditions: Attribution: You must attribute any public use of the database, or works produced from the database. For any use or redistribution of the database, or works produced from it, you must make clear to others the license of the original database. Share-Alike: If you publicly use any adapted version of this database, or works produced from an adapted database, you must also offer that adapted database under the ODbL, Ergosterol is a specific sterol component of yeast and fungal membranes. Its biosynthesis is one of the most effective targets for antifungal treatments. However, the emergent resistance to multiple sterol-based antifungal drugs emphasizes the need for new therapeutic approaches. The allylamine terbinafine, which selectively inhibits squalene epoxidase Erg1 within the ergosterol biosynthetic pathway, is mainly used to treat dermatomycoses, whereas its effectiveness in other fungal infections is limited. Given that ergosterol biosynthesis depends on iron as an essential cofactor, in this report we used the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae to investigate how iron bioavailability influences Erg1 expression and terbinafine susceptibility. We observed that both chemical and genetic depletion of iron decrease ERG1 expression, leading to an increase in terbinafine susceptibility. Deletion of either ROX1 transcriptional repressor or CTH1 and CTH2 post-transcriptional repressors of ERG1 expression led to an increase in Erg1 protein levels and terbinafine resistance. On the contrary, overexpression of CTH2 led to the opposite effect, lowering Erg1 levels and increasing terbinafine susceptibility. Although strain-specific particularities exist, opportunistic pathogenic strains of S. cerevisiae displayed a response similar to the laboratory strain. These data indicate that iron bioavailability and particular regulatory factors could be used to modulate susceptibility to terbinafine., This research was supported by grant PID2020-116940RB-I00 funded by MCIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033 and predoctoral fellowship ACIF/2019/214 funded by “Generalitat Valenciana”., Peer reviewed

DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273126, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14681
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273126
HANDLE: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273126, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14681
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273126
PMID: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273126, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14681
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273126
Ver en: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273126, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14681
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273126

Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273585
Dataset

WOODY PLANT SPECIES PRESENT IN SEMIARID ZIZIPHUS LOTUS SCRUBLANDS (HABITAT 5220*, EU) IN THE SOUTHEAST OF IBERIAN PENINSULA

  • González Robles, A.
  • Tarifa, Rubén
  • Rey, Pedro J.
  • Valera, Francisco
  • Pérez, Antonio J.
The community of woody species (shrubs and trees), with the capacity to act as nurse plants, was sampled in three habitat subtypes of Ziziphus lotus (Habitat 5220*, Habitat Directive UE): i) habitat dominated by Ziziphus lotus individuals (ZIZ) ; ii) habitat dominated by Maytenus senegalensis with Ziziphus lotus (ZIZMAY); iii) habitat dominated by Chamaerops humilis with Ziziphus lotus (ZIZCHA). Each habitat subtype was sampled at 8 locations using 25 [10x10 m] sampling squares (8 locations x 25 sampling squares = 200 squares per habitat subtype x 3 subtypes = 600 total squares). In each square, the list of woody plant species, with the capacity to act as nurses, and their covers (% or m2) was recorded. The squares were randomly distributed, trying to cover the largest possible area within each locality to avoid sampling bias. Rarefaction curves were used to calculate the diversity estimates per habitat subtype showed in .csv files (n for rarefaction curves per habitat subtype = n sampled squares per habitat subtype x 2 = 200 x 2 = 400). iNEXT package (Hsieh, Ma and Chao, 2020) of R sofware (R Core, 2021) was used to calculated the summaries and diversity estimates showed in .csv files., Our aim was to characterize the woody plant species, with the capacity to act as nurse plants, present in the arborescent scrubs with Ziziphus lotus (Habitat 5520*, Habitat Directive EU) in the semiarid southeast of the Iberian Peninsula, mainly in Almería province (Andalucia, Spain). We selected three habitat subtypes with Ziziphus lotus: i) habitat dominated by Ziziphus lotus individuals (ZIZ) ; ii) habitat dominated by Maytenus senegalensis with Ziziphus lotus (ZIZMAY); iii) habitat dominated by Chamaerops humilis with Ziziphus lotus (ZIZCHA)., This work was funded by Proyecto FEDER SUMHAL-Sustainability for Mediterraean Hospost in Andalusia integrating LifeWatch ERIC [Work Package 9. Task 9.3.2. Model impact of land use change] (LifeWatch ERIC – FEDER, POPE 2014-2020; Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, Spain); Junta de Andalucía Excelencia RNM- 766 project; and by funds from Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER- UJA 1261180 project, FEDER Andalucía operative programme). CSIC is acknowledged for supporting Open Access publication., Plant_database_Pop_Hab_ziziphus.csv [shows the list of woody plant species per sampled population with the information of habitat subtype and incidence per plant species] Plant_database_Hab_ziziphus.csv [shows the list of woody plant species per subtype of sampled habitat with the information of cover and incidence per plant species] Population_and_sampling_info.csv [has information about samplings and diversity values per sampled population according the data of 'Plant_database_Pop_Hab_ziziphus.csv' file] Habitats_info.csv [has information about samplings and rarefaction diversity estimates per habitat according the data of 'Plant_database_Hab_ziziphus.csv' file] Metada.csv [records information about the meaning of columns in 'Plant_database_Pop_Hab_ziziphus.csv', 'Plant_database_Habitats_ziziphus.csv', 'Population_and_sampling_info' and 'Habitats_info.csv' files], Peer reviewed

Proyecto: //
DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273585, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14685
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273585
HANDLE: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273585, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14685
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273585
PMID: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273585, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14685
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273585
Ver en: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273585, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14685
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273585

Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273591
Dataset

FLORAL VISITOR SPECIES PRESENT IN SEMIARID ZIZIPHUS LOTUS SCRUBLANDS (HABITAT 5220*, EU) IN THE SOUTHEAST OF IBERIAN PENINSULA

  • Pérez, Antonio J.
  • González Robles, A.
  • Rey, Pedro J.
We sampled the insect assemblage visiting flowers in the arborescent scrublands with Ziziphus lotus (Habitat 5520*, Habitat Directive EU) in the semiarid southeast of the Iberian Peninsula, mainly in Almería province (Andalucia, Spain). We selected 6 localities with the presence of this Ziziphus lotus habitat: i) 2 localities in habitat dominated by Ziziphus lotus individuals (ZIZ); ii) 2 localities in habitat dominated by Maytenus senegalensis with Ziziphus lotus (ZIZMAY); iii) 2 localities in habitat dominated by Chamaerops humilis with Ziziphus lotus (ZIZCHA). To study the community of insect floral visitors in these habitats, 6-7 transects of [50 m x 2 m] were defined in each locality, which were sampled by 50 min-censuses from February-July at 3 different times (pre-spring + spring + summer; total transects sampled = 38 transects x 3 censuses = 114 transects). The sampled transects were randomly distributed, trying to cover the largest possible area within each locality to avoid sampling bias. We recorded the insect community visiting flowers in terms of richness and abundance per transect and locality. The censuses were carried out on sunny days with low winds (<12Km/h), between 9:00-17:00, during the period of maximum insect activity. The diversity and abundance of insect floral visitor by transect were pooled by population/locality ('SUMMARY_Floral_visitors_pop.csv' file). Rarefaction curves were used to calculate the diversity estimates per locality showed in 'Population_and_sampling_info.csv' file (n for rarefaction curves per population = minimum number of sampled transects per population across season x 2 = 18 x 2 = 36 sample units). iNEXT package (Hsieh, Ma and Chao, 2020) of R sofware (R Core, 2021) was used to calculated the summaries and diversity stimates showed in .csv files, Our aim was to characterize the insect assemblage visiting flowers (floral visitors) in the arborescent scrublands with Ziziphus lotus (Habitat 5520*, Habitat Directive EU) in the semiarid southeast of the Iberian Peninsula, mainly in Almería province (Andalucia, Spain). We differentiated three habitat subtypes with Ziziphus lotus: i) habitat dominated by Ziziphus lotus individuals (ZIZ) ; ii) habitat dominated by Maytenus senegalensis with Ziziphus lotus (ZIZMAY); iii) habitat dominated by Chamaerops humilis with Ziziphus lotus (ZIZCHA)., This work was funded by Proyecto FEDER SUMHAL-Sustainability for Mediterraean Hotspots in Andalusia integrating LifeWatch ERIC [Work Package 9. Task 9.3.2. Model impact of land use change] (LifeWatch ERIC – FEDER, POPE 2014-2020; Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, Spain), Junta de Andalucía Excelencia RNM- 766 project, and by funds from Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER- UJA 1261180 project, FEDER Andalucía operative programme). CSIC is acknowledged for supporting Open Access publication, SUMMARY_Floral_visitors_pop.csv [shows the list, abundance, and incidence of floral visitor species per population or locality] Population_and_sampling_info.csv [has information of samplings and rarefaction diversity estimates per locality according to the data of 'SUMMARY_Floral_visitors_pop.csv' file] Metada.csv [records information about the meaning of columns in SUMMARY_Floral_visitors_pop.csv' and ' Population_and_sampling_info.csv' files], Peer reviewed

Proyecto: //
DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273591, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14686
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273591
HANDLE: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273591, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14686
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273591
PMID: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273591, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14686
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273591
Ver en: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273591, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14686
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273591

Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273883
Dataset

SEED DISPERSAL IN ANDALUSIAN OLIVE GROVES BY FRUGIVOROUS BIRDS

  • Rey, Pedro J.
  • Camacho, Francisco M.
  • Tarifa, Rubén
  • Pérez, Antonio J.
  • Martínez-Núñez, Carlos
All methodological information and farms and landscape characteristic information can be found in Rey et al (2021). Characterization of the avian seed dispersers and the seeds they mobilizes by mist-netting: From September 2019 to March 2020, we conducted bird mist-netting sessions in the 20 study olive farms monthly. Birds trapping was carried out for 3 h in each session (between mid-morning and noon). For each farm, two simultaneous capture zones, one in the olive field and the other in SNWH patches were considered, with a distance of 150 meters between zones. In each zone (habitat), we set two mist-nets of 12 × 2.5 meters and a mesh size of 16mm (24 linear meters of the net in total per zone). In each mist-net zone, a sound call that emitted songs of the frugivorous species present was arranged at random to attract birds. A 1-m wide strip of mosquito net was placed on the ground beneath the mist nets to collect the seeds excreted by the birds while they were trapped in the net. Once a bird was released from the net it was immediately introduced in a cloth bag with a paper cone located inside until the moment of seed collection/identification. All birds were kept in the cloth bags for 1 h, then ringed and released. For each individual captured, the total number of seeds of each species collected under the net and in the collector was recorded. Mobilised seeds to seed fall traps: - Seed_trap_2018: To determine the probability of seed deposition into different habitats within the olive farm and to characterize seed rain, we used plastic plant pots of 40 cm diameter and 20 cm depth as seed fall traps. Traps were covered with a 1 × 1 cm wire mesh to avoid seed predation by micro mammals and perforated on their base to drain rainwater. 18 seed fall traps were placed per farm in three different types of habitats (6 traps per habitat): beneath the olive tree canopy, beneath the canopy of isolated overtopping non-olive trees serving as perches to birds within the olive field, and within seminatural woodland habitat remnants. Traps were always set hanging from branches of trees and/or tall scrubs. Traps were active for 17 months, between October 2018 and March 2020 in 9 localities. We collected the trapped seeds periodically (every 3 months, with monthly-bimonthly checks to make sure that the traps were active). - Seed_trap_2021: in this case, we used plastic plants trays of 57 x 42 cm and 10 cm depth as seed fall traps. Traps were covered with a 1 × 1 cm wire mesh to avoid seed predation by micro mammals and perforated on their base to drain rainwater. 30 seed fall traps were placed per farm in seminatural woodland habitat remnants below fleshy- fruited shrub, other shrubs and perches. The traps were active for 6 months, between June 2021 and March 2022 in 12 localities. We collected the trapped seeds monthly., Our aim was to characterize the seeds of fleshy fruit species mobilized by avian frugivores in the olive grove farms of the Guadalquivir valley in Andalusia (South Spain), considering a landscape homogenization gradient. We further assessed the contribution of different frugivores to this function by mist-netting and scat collection. We differentiated two habitats within olive farms: olive grove matrix and seminatural woodland patches., This work was funded by RECOVECOS project -Evaluating the Recovery debt of ecosystem services provided by the fauna in permanent croplands: effects of land use intensification and landscape complexity in olive groves- (Ref.: PID2019-108332GB-100, MICIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033), LIFE Program project OLIVARES VIVOS (ref. LIFE14 NAT/ES/001094) and FEDER SUMHAL project Work Package 9. Task 9.3.2. Model impact of land use change -Sustainability for Mediterraean Hotspots in Andalusia- integrating LifeWatch ERIC (LifeWatch ERIC – FEDER, POPE 2014-2020; Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, Spain), CSIC is acknowledged for supporting Open Access publication., 'summary_seed_dispersers.csv' file has information of the species of frugivorous birds that have been detected dispersing seeds in the olive grove per each farm. 'summary_mobilised_seed.csv' file has information of fleshy fruit seed species that have been detected dispersed in the olive groves per each farms 'farm_information.csv' records information about each farm like location (coordinates), ground herb management, Seminatural woodland cover in the landscape and farm size 'metadata' records information about the meaning of columns in 'summary_seed_dispersers.csv','summary_mobilised_seed.csv' and 'farm_information.csv' files, Peer reviewed

DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273883, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14687
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273883
HANDLE: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273883, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14687
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273883
PMID: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273883, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14687
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273883
Ver en: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273883, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14687
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273883

Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273989
Dataset

FLORAL VISITOR SPECIES PRESENT IN FLOWERS OF THE GROUND HERB IN THE ANDALUSIA OLIVE GROVES

  • Cano, Domingo
  • Pérez, Antonio J.
  • Martínez-Núñez, Carlos
  • Rey, Pedro J.
We sampled the abundance and diversity of flower-visiting insects in paired olive farms located in Andalusia. The surveys were carried out in 18 paired olive farms in 2018, and in 24 paired olive farms in 2020. On the one hand, each pair of olive farms is constituted by an olive farm with low-intensive herb cover management and an olive farm with intensive herb cover management. The low-intensive management consists of the maintenance of herb cover during most of the year being only removed in late spring by mechanic mowing or livestock grazing. Conversely, intensive management consists of removing the herb cover permanently by using pre-emergence and/ or post-emergence herbicides, sometimes in combination with ploughing the ground several times a year. On the other hand, the pair of farms in each locality is surrounded by the same landscape complexity. We classified each pair of farms into three categories of landscape complexity (simple, intermediate, and complex) according to the proportion of semi-natural area estimated within a 2 km radius buffer around the centroid of each pair of farms. Surveys were conducted in multi-specific floral stands. We selected two 10 m2 multi-floral stands per olive farm located inside the olive field matrix. They were carried out twice for 2018, and monthly from March to June for 2020 (3 sampling rounds in total), matching the peak flowering period of the ground herb cover. Sampling consisted of recording the abundance and diversity of flower-visiting insects in each floral patch for 15 minutes in the morning (until 13 h) and for 15 minutes in the afternoon (until 17 h) every sampling round. The diversity and abundance of insect floral visitor by transect was pooled by population/locality ('SUMMARY_Floral_visitors_pop.csv' file)., Our aim was to assess the effect of agricultural management and landscape context of the olive groves on the flower-visiting insect community., This work was funded by RECOVECOS project -Evaluating the Recovery debt of ecosystem services provided by the fauna in permanent croplands: effects of land use intensification and landscape complexity in olive groves- (Ref.: PID2019-108332GB-100, MICIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033), LIFE Program project OLIVARES VIVOS (ref. LIFE14 NAT/ES/001094) and FEDER SUMHAL project Work Package 9. Task 9.3.2. Model impact of land use change -Sustainability for Mediterraean Hotspots in Andalusia- integrating LifeWatch ERIC (LifeWatch ERIC – FEDER, POPE 2014-2020; Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, Spain). CSIC is acknowledged for supporting Open Access publication., DB_Pollinator_Community_Info.csv [shows the list per population of wild bee species per olive farm] DB_Pollinator_Summary.csv [has information of species bee richness per olive farm according the data of ' BD_WildBees_LIFE_Community_Info.csv ' file] DB_Pollinator_Farm_Info.csv [has information about geographic location, landscape metrics and soil management of each olive farm] Metadata_Pollinator.csv [records information about the meaning of columns in 'BD_WildBees_LIFE_Community_Info.csv ' and ' BD_WildBees_LIFE_Summary.csv ' and 'Metada_WildBees_LIFE.csv' files., Peer reviewed

DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273989, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14689
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273989
HANDLE: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273989, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14689
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273989
PMID: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273989, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14689
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273989
Ver en: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273989, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14689
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273989

Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273992
Dataset

DIVERSITY OF POLLEN DISPERSED BY SOLITARY BEES TO ARTIFICIAL NESTS IN OLIVE GROVES

  • Cano, Domingo
  • Ossorio Martínez, David
  • León Ruiz, Josefa
  • Pérez, Antonio J.
  • Jiménez, Joaquín
  • Ruiz Valenzuela, Luis
  • Rey, Pedro J.
We sampled the diversity of pollen dispersed by solitary bees by using bee trap nests in 12 paired olive farms located in 6 localities from Andalusia in 2020. On the one hand, each paired olive farm is constituted by an olive farm with low-intensive herb cover management and an olive farm with intensive herb cover management. The low-intensive management consists of the maintenance of herb cover during most of the year being only removed in late spring by mechanic mowing or cattle. Conversely, intensive management consists of removing the herb cover permanently by using pre-emergence and/ or post-emergence herbicides sometimes in combination with ploughing the ground several times a year. On the other hand, each paired farm in each locality is surrounded by the same landscape complexity. We classified each paired farm in three categories of landscape complexity (simple, intermediate, and complex) according to the proportion of semi-natural area estimated within a 2 km radius buffer around the centroid of each pair of farms. We use 144 bee trap nests in total, using two different materials and four cavity diameters (40× ca. 9 mm bamboo, 20× ca. 12 mm reed internodes, 20× ca. 15 mm reed internodes and 4× ca. 20 mm reed internodes), providing a total of 84 nesting cavities per nest. On each farm, six nests were set in March, matching the period of activity in the phenology of these solitary bees and the flowering plants they pollinate. Bee trap nests were set in different microhabitats (i.e. olive orchard matrix and non-productive areas). Trap nest colonization was monitored monthly, from April to September. For every cavity colonized, samples of three different pollen packs were extracted and dyed using fuchsine. Samples were identified under microscope to species or pollen‐type level., Our aim was to assess the effect of agricultural management and landscape context of the olive orchard on the diversity of pollen dispersed by solitary bees to artificial nests., This work was funded by RECOVECOS project -Evaluating the Recovery debt of ecosystem services provided by the fauna in permanent croplands: effects of land use intensification and landscape complexity in olive groves- (Ref.: PID2019-108332GB-100, MICIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033), LIFE Program project OLIVARES VIVOS (ref. LIFE14 NAT/ES/001094) and FEDER SUMHAL project Work Package 9. Task 9.3.2. Model impact of land use change -Sustainability for Mediterraean Hotspots in Andalusia- integrating LifeWatch ERIC (LifeWatch ERIC – FEDER, POPE 2014-2020; Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, Spain). CSIC is acknowledged for supporting Open Access publication., DB_Pollen_Info.csv [shows the list of pollen species and morphotypes per olive farm] BD_Pollen _Summary.csv [has information of pollen species and morphotypes per olive farm according the data of ' BD_Pollen_LIFE _Info.csv ' file] DB_Pollen_Farm_Info.csv [has information about geographic location, landscape metrics and soil management of each olive farm] Metadata_Pollen.csv [records information about the meaning of columns in BD_Pollen_LIFE _Info.csv ' and ' BD_Pollen_LIFE_Summary.csv' and Metada_Pollen_LIFE.csv' files.], Peer reviewed

DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273992, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14690
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273992
HANDLE: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273992, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14690
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273992
PMID: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273992, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14690
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273992
Ver en: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/273992, https://doi.org/10.20350/digitalCSIC/14690
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/273992

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