Publicación Artículo científico (article).

Sperm exposure to accessory gland secretions alters the transcriptomic response of the endometrium in cattle

Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
  • Sánchez, José María
  • Rabaglino, M. B.
  • Bagés Arnal, Sandra
  • McDonald, Michael
  • Behura, Susanta K.
  • Spencer, T. E.
  • Lonergan, P.
  • Fernández-Fuertes, Beatriz
9 Pàg., In cattle, mating to intact, but not vasectomised, bulls has been shown to modify the endometrial transcriptome, suggesting an important role of sperm in the modulation of the uterine environment in this species. However, it is not clear whether these changes are driven by intrinsic sperm factors, or by factors of accessory gland (AG) origin that bind to sperm at ejaculation. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to determine whether ejaculated sperm, which are suspended in the secretions of the AGs, elicit a different endometrial transcriptomic response than epididymal sperm, which have never been exposed to AG factors. To this end, bovine endometrial explants collected from heifers in oestrus were (co-)incubated for 6 h alone (control), or with epididymal sperm or ejaculated sperm, following which transcriptomic changes in the endometrium were evaluated. Epididymal sperm elicited a more dramatic endometrial response than ejaculated sperm, in terms of the number of differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Indeed, RNA-sequencing data analysis revealed 1912 DEGs in endometrial explants exposed to epididymal sperm compared with control explants, whereas 115 DEGs were detected between endometrial explants exposed to ejaculated sperm in comparison to control explants. The top pathways associated with genes upregulated by epididymal sperm included T cell regulation and TNF, NF-KB and IL17 signalling. Interestingly, ejaculated sperm induced downregulation of genes associated with T cell immunity and Th17 differentiation, and upregulation of genes involved in NF-KB signalling, in comparison to epididymal sperm. These data indicate that factors of AG origin modulate the interaction between sperm and the endometrium in cattle., The authors wish to thank the National Cattle Breeding Centre for donating the fresh bull ejaculates used in this study, and Dr. John A. Browne (UCD) for his technical assistance. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (Grant No. 792212); Science Foundation Ireland (Grant No. 16/IA/4474); and the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (Grant No. IJC2019-039034-I)., Peer reviewed

Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC

Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
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Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC