. 2022

NOD1 in the interplay between microbiota and gastrointestinal immune adaptations

Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/265354
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
  • Fernández-García, Victoria
  • González-Ramos, Silvia
  • Martín-Sanz, Paloma
  • García del Portillo, Francisco
  • Moisés Laparra, José
  • Boscá, Lisardo
© 2021 The Author(s)., Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain 1 (NOD1), a pattern recognition receptor (PRR) that detects bacterial peptidoglycan fragments and other danger signals, has been linked to inflammatory pathologies. NOD1, which is expressed by immune and non-immune cells, is activated after recognizing microbe-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs). This recognition triggers host defense responses and both immune memory and tolerance can also be achieved during these processes. Since the gut microbiota is currently considered a master regulator of human physiology central in health and disease and the intestine metabolizes a wide range of nutrients, drugs and hormones, it is a fact that dysbiosis can alter tissues and organs homeostasis. These systemic alterations occur in response to gastrointestinal immune adaptations that are not yet fully understood. Even if previous evidence confirms the connection between the microbiota, the immune system and metabolic disorders, much remains to be discovered about the contribution of NOD1 to low-grade inflammatory pathologies such as obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. This review compiles the most recent findings in this area, while providing a dynamic and practical framework with future approaches for research and clinical applications on targeting NOD1. This knowledge can help to rate the consequences of the disease and to stratify the patients for therapeutic interventions., The review was written by authors that work in a laboratory where projects are supported by: Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad/Agencia Estatal de Investigación 10.13039/501100011033 (RTI2018-094727-B100, SAF2017-82436-R, BIO2016-77639-P, PID2019-108977-RBI00 and PID2020-113238-RBI00), Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red en Enfermedades Cardiovasculares (CB16/11/00222), Consorcio de Investigación en Red de la Comunidad de Madrid, S2017/BMD-3686 and Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional.
 

DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/265354
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/265354

HANDLE: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/265354
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/265354
 
Ver en: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/265354
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/265354

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