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Uitbreiding van de luchthaven van Barcelona door Ricardo Bofill : Een rambla voor de reiziger

  • Sainz Avia, Jorge
Voor de uitbreiding van het vliegveld van Barcelona werd aan Ricardo Bofill gevraagd een concept te ontwikkelen. Hij introduceerde het typisch Barcelonese begrip ‘rambla’, waarmee alle passagiersstromen konden worden gebundeld. Daarnaast veroorzaakt de geleding van de lineaire structuur kruispunten waar bijzondere plekken gecreëerd kunnen worden.
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“Yaşamda ve Ölümde” – Akeramik Neolitik Dönem’de Boncuklar ve Kimlikler, Aşıklı Höyük Örneği, “In Life and in Death” – Beads and Identities During the Aceramic Neolithic Period, the Case Study of Aşıklı Höyük

  • Alarashi, Hala
  • Yelozer, Sera
[EN] Personal ornaments carry interwoven meanings and are part of a complex system of communication where certain identities could be signified. This study aims to investigate the role that beads played in manifesting identities of age and gender at Aşıklı Höyük (8350-7300 cal BC) in east Central Anatolia. The bead assemblage from the site consists of stone, bone, tooth and shell beads. Throughout the hundreds of years of occupation at the site, the community underwent gradual changes in production, architecture, and symbolic behaviors. This is well illustrated in the incorporation of beads in the funerary sphere during the latest phases corresponding to the mid-8th millennium BC, as a new practice after hundreds of years of experiencing settled life at the site. Preliminary results indicate that some adults were buried with large number and varied colored beads whereas the use of single, green beads was confined to females and children. This brings forth certain questions: 1) Can we identify different manufacturing techniques applied to produce these items? 2) Were these items manufactured especially for a burial or were they previously worn? A biographic approach is adopted to analyze the beads found in funerary contexts at the site, including raw material characterization, techno-morphological studies, and use-wear analysis. In this article, these questions are explored supplemented by the preliminary results of the technological and use-wear analysis., [TR] Boncuklar, yaş, cinsiyet, grup aidiyeti gibi çeşitli kimliklerin ifade edildiği karmaşık bir iletişim sisteminin parçası olarak tarihöncesi topluluklar için çok katmanlı anlamlar taşımaktaydı. Bu çalışmada, Orta Anadolu’nun doğusunda, Volkanik Kapadokya bölgesinde yer alan Aşıklı Höyük yerleşmesinde (MÖ kal. 8350-7300) boncukların yaş ve cinsiyet kimliklerinin dışavurumundaki rolü ele alınmaya çalışılacaktır. Yerleşmenin yüzyıllara yayılan iskan süreci içerisinde topluluğun besin temini ve tüketimi pratiklerinde, teknolojik tercihlerinde, yerleşim düzeninde, mekan kullanımında ve sembolik davranışlarında aşamalı değişimler yaşanır. Bu değişimler ölü gömme davranışları ve Aşıklı bireylerinin birlikte gömüldüğü boncukların yapımında da karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Ön sonuçlar, bazı erişkin bireylerin çeşitli hammadde, form ve renkte boncuklarla gömüldüğünü göstermekteyken, tek boncuk ile gömülme uygulaması yalnızca kadın ve çocuklara özgüdür. Topluluğun yerleşik yaşamı yüzlerce yıl tecrübe edişinden sonra görülmeye başlayan bu değişimin anlaşılabilmesine yönelik ön çalışmalar yeni sorular doğurmaktadır: 1) Aşıklı Höyük’te farklı cinsiyet ve yaş gruplarından bireylerin birlikte gömüldüğü boncuklar arasında üretim zinciri bağlamında ne gibi benzerlik ve farklılıklar vardır? 2) Bu objeler bireyler tarafından yaşamları içerisinde kullanılmış veya doğrudan ölü gömme ritüeli için üretilmiş olabilir mi? Bu soruları cevaplandırmak amacıyla, boncuklar biyografik bir yaklaşımla çalışılmıştır. Bu yaklaşım, hammadde tanımlamaları, tekno-morfolojik analizler ve kullanım izi analizlerini içermektedir., Peer reviewed
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Stedelijke jalouzie van steen: Uitbreiding van het stadhuis van Murcia door Rafael Moneo

  • Sainz Avia, Jorge
Door het concept van de ‘decorated shed’ als uitgangspunt te nemen is Moneo er in geslaagd om de uitbreiding van het stadhuis van Murcia in Spanje aan het plein tegenover de kathedraal op een eigentijdse manier in te vullen. Door de compacte vorm wordt ruimte geboden aan de autonome binnenwereld van het gevraagde programma, terwijl de opengewerkte gevel uitdrukking geeft aan lastige begrippen als monumentaliteit en institutionele representatie. Tegelijkertijd gaat de gevel door zijn materialisering en vormgeving een respectvolle dialoog aan met de kathedraal.
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Juwelen van glas en licht: Kursaal in San Sebastián van Rafael Moneo

  • Sainz Avia, Jorge
De nucleus van iedere badplaats is het Casino of het Kurhaus. Ter vervanging van haar nimmer florerende casino organiseerde de gemeente San Sebastián een besloten prijsvraag voor een nieuwe Kursaal die door Rafael Moneo nipt werd gewonnen. Gebaseerd op een ontonbaar stedebouwkundige príncipe, is het gebouw een perfecte synthese geworden. Overdag is het deel van het landschap, 's nachts gaat het op in de stad. Deze tweezijdigheid lijkt eveneens representatief te zijn voor de in het bouwwerk ondergebrachte functies.
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Interactief museum voor de mens door Arata Isozaki: Het opbollende zeil en de tovergrot

  • Sainz Avia, Jorge
In het Domus Museum in het Spaanse La Coruña worden bezoekers in de gelegenheid gesteld kennis te nemen van het menselijk lichaam middels interactieve media. In zijn ontwerp heeft Arata Isozaki de aloude tegenstelling tussen mens en techniek tot thema verheven door het gebouw op te trekken uit onbewerkte natuursteen als tegenwicht tegen de gedematerialiseerde wereld van de informatica. Maar ook de complexiteit van de lokatie verbeeldt hij door contrasten te creëren tussen wanorde en formele eenvoud, tussen ruimtelijke complexiteit en ruimtelijke samenhang.
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Culturele apartheid in leergangen Nederlands als vreemde taal

  • Raemdonck, Anne Van
This article looks at the way culture is represented in 3 commonly used course books of Dutch as a foreign language. According to the author, everyday culture of the regions where Dutch is spoken, is presented from a nationalistic point of view, i.e. it is limited to either cultural, historical and social aspects of The Netherlands or cultural, historical and social aspects of the Flemish Community in Belgium. The existence of the other region or country where the same language is spoken is not only ignored but at times even portrayed wrongfully which has its logically negative effect upon the students" interpretation and can lead to prejudice and the teachers using those course books.
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Een portret van Spinoza geschilderd door Sorolla [Un retrato de Spinoza pintado por Sorolla]

  • Campos Bueno, José Javier
It is reviewed the iconography of Dutch-Sephardic philosopher Baruch Spinoza. It reports on the recent identification of the image of the philosopher found in an anonymous portrait deposited at the Universidad Complutense coming from Simarro Legacy Foundation. Documentation is provided showing that the portrait was painted by Sorolla for the library of Dr. Simarro. Repasa la iconografía del filosofo holandés de origen español-sefardí Baruch Spinoza. Da cuenta de la reciente identificación de la imagen del filósofo en un retrato anónimo depositado en la Universidad Complutense perteneciente al Legado de la Fundación Simarro. Se aporta documentación mostrando que el retrato fue pintado por Sorolla para la biblioteca del Dr. Simarro
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Culturele apartheid in leergangen Nederlands als vreemde taal

  • Raemdonck, Anne Van
This article looks at the way culture is represented in 3 commonly used course books of Dutch as a foreign language. According to the author, everyday culture of the regions where Dutch is spoken, is presented from a nationalistic point of view, i.e. it is limited to either cultural, historical and social aspects of The Netherlands or cultural, historical and social aspects of the Flemish Community in Belgium. The existence of the other region or country where the same language is spoken is not only ignored but at times even portrayed wrongfully which has its logically negative effect upon the students" interpretation and can lead to prejudice and the teachers using those course books.
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