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Azpititulazioa eta bikoizketa: bigarren hizkuntzak ikasteko estrategia motibagarriak

  • Contreras-Llave, Natalia
Gure gizartean, gero eta leku handiagoa ari dira hartzen irudia zein teknologien eta sare sozialen erabilera demokratizatua. Halako gizartean, bada, bideoa ezinbesteko elementu bihurtu da hizkuntzen irakaskuntzan, eta oso eraginkorra eta motibatzailea gerta daiteke, planteamendu didaktiko sendoekin erabilita. Azpititulazioak eta bikoizketak —ikus-entzunezko itzulpenaren mundutik datoz modalitateok— hamar urtetik gora daramate bigarren hizkuntzen irakaskuntzari buruzko ikerketa didaktikoan, eta ikaslea jartzen dute ikaskuntzaren erdigunean, hura baita aktore nagusia. Lan honetan, modalitate horien egoera teorikoaren sarrera labur bat egingo da, eta hizkuntzen irakaskuntzarako eskuragai eta erabilgarri izan daitezkeen proposamen didaktikoen zenbait adibide emango dira.
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Transformational leadership and the European Foundation for Quality Management model in five-star hotels

  • Portela Maquieira, Silvia
  • Tarí, Juan José
  • Molina-Azorín, José F.
Purpose – This work analyses quality management (through the European Foundation for Quality Management-EFQM-model) and transformational leadership in hotels in Spain. Design/methodology/approach – The study analyses 102 5-star and 5-star large luxury hotels that answer a questionnaire on transformational leadership and the EFQM model. It analyses the degree of importance of quality and transformational leadership in hotels, the significant differences between groups of hotels (according to stars, size, modality and type of product) and the association between transformational leadership and quality. Findings – The results show the levels of quality and transformational leadership, minor significant differences between groups and an association between the two variables. In general, chain-affiliated hotels have a higher level of leadership and a more advanced employee and process management than independent hotels. Also, those hotels that focus on a vacational product show a lower attention to the strategy dimension in the EFQM model. The number of employees is not an important factor to adopt quality. Finally, transformational leadership allows hotels to advance in the development of quality management. Originality/value – Although there are studies on quality management that show the importance of leadership for quality, there are few studies that examine transformational leadership and quality in the same study, mainly in the tourism industry, and especially in the case of the hotel industry.
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Şah I. Abbas’ın Bir Akdeniz Politikası Var mıydı?

  • Cutillas Ferrer, José Francisco
Geçtiğimiz 20 yıl, Safevi tarihi üzerine yapılan araştırmalarda muazzam bir gelişmeye tanıklık etti. Yakın zamanlarda Safevi uluslararası münasebetlerine ilişkin meydana gelen gelişmeler, 16. ve 17. yüzyıllar boyunca İran’ın ilişkilerinin ve Akdeniz’in kuzey kıyıları boyunca yer alan ülkeler de dâhil olmak üzere Avrupa ile bağlantılarının benzeri görülmemiş bir seviyeye ulaştığı sonucuna yol açtı. Bununla birlikte, Akdeniz’e yönelik bu bilinçli Safevi politikası hakkında hemen hemen hiç tartışma yok. Bu makale, Şah I. Abbas’ın, zihnindeki belirgin bir Akdeniz politikası ile hareket etmiş olabileceğini göstermek için İspanyol vesikalarının yeniden gözden geçirilmesini öneriyor.
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Огляд наукових досліджень в галузі вивчення напружено-деформованого стану трубобетонних конструкцій, Review of Research in the Field Study of the Stress-Strain State of Concrete-Filled Structures

  • Garanzha, Igor
  • Ivorra, Salvador
The paper presents an analytical review of the literature, which reflects the results of national and foreign scientific researches aimed to studying the features of the composition and dosage of components of self compacting concrete as one of the most promising aggregate for modern composite structures. In addition, the results of numerical and experimental researches of stress-strain state of composite structures (concrete-filled tubes) under the influence of various power factors, have been considered. The description and features of existing analytical methods for the determination of the bearing capacity of the considered structures under compression and bendings, have been given. The analysis of deformation model of confined concrete in a composition of the composite structure, as well as non-linear models of steel works with their distinctive features, has been carried out. The main approaches to the finite element modeling of composite structures have been determined.
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