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Building Narkofim house in Moscow : lessons from the Weimar Republic

  • Movilla, Daniel
  • Sotoca García, Adolfo
  • Gyurkovich, Mateusz
In the scenario of instability and change that characterised the USSR during the 1920s, the group of constructivist architects led by Moisey Ginzburg were tackling the problem of the lack of housing for workers in large Soviet cities. The solutions provided by Ginzburg’s team were developed under the aegis of the Soviet platforms OSA and Stroykom. They were conducted in three successive stages culminating in the building of the Narkomfin House. However, the architectural modernity achieved in Narkomfin was associated to the advancements in the housing building sector made by their European contemporaries. This article analyses the actual connections between the building of this Moscow prototype and Western models that were beginning to be developed in Europe, especially in Germany. This conception repositions the research conducted by Ginzburg’s team within a process of complex and critical assimilation that integrated the new modern Western techniques., Peer Reviewed
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Nowy, lekki prefabrykowany system stropowy

  • Bellmunt Ribas, Rafael
  • Pons Valladares, Oriol
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Akredytacja kompetencji zawodowych: doświadczenia hiszpańskie, Accreditation of professional skills: Spanish experiences

  • Gallardo Vázquez, Pedro
  • Gallardo López, José Alberto
  • Nowakowski, Michal
The article refers to the Spanish experience in the field of accreditation of skills acquired through informal education. It also shows the role of counselor in this process and describes the procedure of evaluation for certification of professional competence
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Kształcenie Zawodowe W Andaluzji, Vocational Training in Educational System in Andalusia

  • Gallardo Vázquez, Pedro
This article addresses the issue of vocational training in the territory of the Autonomous Community of Andalucia. It is making a reference to vocational training in the education system and introduces various aspects of training courses, e-lerning and modular learning. Also and describes various aspects of new titles, National System of Professional Qualification, lifelong learning
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Formation of high architecture in the city of Rzeszow

  • Rybka, Adam
  • Janczuk, Marta
  • Jarema-Kusnierz, Klaudia
  • Roset Calzada, Jaime
Peer Reviewed
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Anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity prevention with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor ramipril in women with low-risk breast cancer: results of a prospective randomized study.

BACKGROUND: Anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity (AIC) remains the main long-term irreversible side effect in malignancy survivors. Cardiotoxicity prevention is one of the most reasonable approaches. AIMS: In this prospective randomized open-label study, we aimed to verify whether ramipril protects from early-onset AIC in women with breast cancer (BC). METHODS: We analyzed data from 96 women (median age, 47 years) with BC after breast surgery, without significant cardiovascular diseases, who were eligible for adjuvant anthracyclines. They were randomized to a ramipril or control arm. Cardiotoxicity was estimated with repeat echocardiography and themeasurement of troponin I and N-terminal fragment of the prohormone brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels over 1-year follow-up. Anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity was defined as a decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), elevated biomarker levels, and/or occurrence of heart failure (HF) or cardiac death. RESULTS: A decrease in LVEF above 10-percent points occurred in 6.3% of ramipril patients and 18.5% ofcontrols (P = 0.15). No cases of HF, cardiac death, or LVEF decline below 50% were reported. The percentage of patients with elevated NT-proBNP levels increased with time in controls (P = 0.003) and remained unchanged in the ramipril arm. At the end of follow-up, an increase in NT-proBNP levels was more common and decline was less common in the control than ramipril arm (P = 0.01). No significant differences in troponin levels were found between the study arms. Ramipril was well tolerated in normotensive women. CONCLUSIONS: In relatively young women with BC without serious comorbidities, who received anthracyclines, 1-year treatment with ramipril exerts potentially protective effects on cardiotoxicity assessed with NT-proBNP levels.
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Şah I. Abbas’ın Bir Akdeniz Politikası Var mıydı?

  • Cutillas Ferrer, José Francisco
Geçtiğimiz 20 yıl, Safevi tarihi üzerine yapılan araştırmalarda muazzam bir gelişmeye tanıklık etti. Yakın zamanlarda Safevi uluslararası münasebetlerine ilişkin meydana gelen gelişmeler, 16. ve 17. yüzyıllar boyunca İran’ın ilişkilerinin ve Akdeniz’in kuzey kıyıları boyunca yer alan ülkeler de dâhil olmak üzere Avrupa ile bağlantılarının benzeri görülmemiş bir seviyeye ulaştığı sonucuna yol açtı. Bununla birlikte, Akdeniz’e yönelik bu bilinçli Safevi politikası hakkında hemen hemen hiç tartışma yok. Bu makale, Şah I. Abbas’ın, zihnindeki belirgin bir Akdeniz politikası ile hareket etmiş olabileceğini göstermek için İspanyol vesikalarının yeniden gözden geçirilmesini öneriyor.
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Greenery as an element of shaping urban public spaces dedicated to culture

  • Sotoca García, Adolfo
  • Gyurkovich, Mateusz
Architectural and urban structures and complexes associated with cultural functions in European cities currently constitute elements of their spatial structure that are significant to their status and image. They co-create essential sequences of urban and landscape interiors, both within historical spatial layouts, as well as newly-designed ones, most commonly including those fragments of urban tissue that are subjected to urban regeneration processes. Many of these spaces are accompanied by green compositions, most commonly in the form of small flower-beds or rows of trees that highlight the monumentalism of urban and architectural complexes and which are meant to symbolise the rank and position of individual cultural institu­tions. Apart from historical park and residence complexes that are currently being adapted to functions associated with cul­ture, it is very rare for arranged greenery to dominate in these types of layouts, instead of primarily serving as a background for architecture—an equally significant if not a non-dominant element that shapes urban public space. The publication refers to a number of examples of contemporary built projects of such spaces in European metropolises., Peer Reviewed
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