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Şah I. Abbas’ın Bir Akdeniz Politikası Var mıydı?

  • Cutillas Ferrer, José Francisco
Geçtiğimiz 20 yıl, Safevi tarihi üzerine yapılan araştırmalarda muazzam bir gelişmeye tanıklık etti. Yakın zamanlarda Safevi uluslararası münasebetlerine ilişkin meydana gelen gelişmeler, 16. ve 17. yüzyıllar boyunca İran’ın ilişkilerinin ve Akdeniz’in kuzey kıyıları boyunca yer alan ülkeler de dâhil olmak üzere Avrupa ile bağlantılarının benzeri görülmemiş bir seviyeye ulaştığı sonucuna yol açtı. Bununla birlikte, Akdeniz’e yönelik bu bilinçli Safevi politikası hakkında hemen hemen hiç tartışma yok. Bu makale, Şah I. Abbas’ın, zihnindeki belirgin bir Akdeniz politikası ile hareket etmiş olabileceğini göstermek için İspanyol vesikalarının yeniden gözden geçirilmesini öneriyor.
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Comparative analysis of dietary guidelines for Spain, Сравнительный анализ сборников диетологических рекомендаций, Испания

  • López-Briones Reverte, Carmen
  • Zurriaga, Óscar
  • Bernabeu-Mestre, Josep
  • Barona, Carmen
Background: In Spain, the incidence of obesity and noncommunicable diseases continues to rise, despite the attempts of health institutions to redirect the population towards a healthier nutritional model by adopting nutrition strategies and dietary guidelines. This study analyses the advice of Spanish dietary guidelines on daily food intake. Methods: A comparative study of the content of 18 Spanish dietary guidelines was performed using the WHO Countrywide Integrated Noncommunicable Disease Intervention (CINDI) programme’s dietary guide as the gold standard. Results: There is evidence that contents differ among dietary guidelines: not all include the CINDI 12 steps to healthy eating and 72% ignore the recommendation for a “varied diet based mainly on plant foods”. The advice is often not easy to follow: only one of the 18 guidelines includes household measures; most do not recommend specific foods; 73% do not mention which foods should be included in a balanced diet; and 61% do not define fatty foods. Other differences relate to serving size, food quantification, units used and recommended amounts. Conclusions: This paper describes the variations among Spanish dietary guidelines that might lead individuals to develop a mistaken concept of what healthy eating is.
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Разработка и управление массовыми открытыми онлайн-курсами (MOOК) для ВУЗов Кыргызстана, Development and management of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) for HEIs in Kyrgyzstan

  • Luján-Mora, Sergio
Presentaciones del seminario "Development and management of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) for HEIs in Kyrgyzstan" (Desarrollo y gestión de Cursos abiertos y masivos en línea para las instituciones de educación superior en Kirguistán) (Разработка и управление массовыми открытыми онлайн-курсами (MOOК) для ВУЗов Кыргызстана) impartido en Kyrgyz State Technical University named after I.Razzakov (Kirguistán) el 27 y 28 de febrero de 2019., Support and Promotion for Higher Education Reform Experts (SPHERE); National Erasmus+ Office in Kyrgyzstan; Erasmus+ Programme of the European Union
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Купить самолеты, чтобы выиграть войну. Советские поставки авиатехники во время гражданской войны в Испании, Buy Planes to win a War. Soviet Aircraft Supplies during the Spanish Civil War

  • Ruiz-Núñez, Juan-Boris
Государственный переворот 17 июля 1936 года вызвал шок в правительстве Испании. Наступление мятежников и опасность захвата власти с их стороны, заставили республиканцев искать помощь за пределами страны, в частности и в том, что касалось приобретения военной техники. Наиболее значимую помощь Испанской Республике в этом вопросе оказал СССР. Советские самолеты помогли республиканской армии в сопротивлениях на мадридском фронте, а затем позволили провести ряд наступательных операций, таких как при Брунете или у Сарагосы., The coup d’état of 17th July 1936 caused a shock in the Spanish Government. The insurgent troops' power and the danger that the Republican state could be controlled by them, aroused the executive power to contact different countries for arms acquisition. After its first attitude, USSR gave a great support to the legitimate regime. Precisely, the Soviet aeronautical means allowed the emerging loyal army to resist at Madrid. Subsequently, these planes gave enough aerial capacity to the republicans to be capable to perform offensives as they did in Brunete or Saragossa.
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Огляд наукових досліджень в галузі вивчення напружено-деформованого стану трубобетонних конструкцій, Review of Research in the Field Study of the Stress-Strain State of Concrete-Filled Structures

  • Garanzha, Igor
  • Ivorra, Salvador
The paper presents an analytical review of the literature, which reflects the results of national and foreign scientific researches aimed to studying the features of the composition and dosage of components of self compacting concrete as one of the most promising aggregate for modern composite structures. In addition, the results of numerical and experimental researches of stress-strain state of composite structures (concrete-filled tubes) under the influence of various power factors, have been considered. The description and features of existing analytical methods for the determination of the bearing capacity of the considered structures under compression and bendings, have been given. The analysis of deformation model of confined concrete in a composition of the composite structure, as well as non-linear models of steel works with their distinctive features, has been carried out. The main approaches to the finite element modeling of composite structures have been determined.
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