language = "Holandés"

Encontrado 44 documentos, página mostrada 2 de 5

PPARß/d ameliorates fructose-induced insulin resistance in adipocytes by preventing Nrf2 activation.

Author(s):
Description: We studied whether PPARß/d deficiency modifies the effects of high fructose intake (30% fructose in drinking water) on glucose tolerance and adipose tissue dysfunction, focusing on the CD36-dependent pathway that enhances adipose tissue inflammation and impairs insulin signaling. Fructose intake for...
Language(s): Holandés

Interrelation of attention and prediction in visual processing: Effects of task-relevance and stimulus probability.

Author(s):
Description: The potentially interactive influence of attention and prediction was investigated by measuring event-related potentials (ERPs) in a spatial cueing task with attention (task-relevant) and prediction (probabilistic) cues. We identified distinct processing stages of this interactive influence. Firstly...
Language(s): Holandés

Early indices of deviance detection in humans and animal models.

Author(s):
Description: Detecting unexpected stimuli in the environment is a critical function of the auditory system. Responses to unexpected "deviant" sounds are enhanced compared to responses to expected stimuli. At the human scalp, deviance detection is reflected in the mismatch negativity (MMN) and in an enhancement o...
Language(s): Holandés

Phase re-setting of gamma neural oscillations during novelty processing in an appetitive context.

Author(s):
Description: Based on the previous study where phase-synchronization (PS) of gamma-band responses (GBRs) proved a reliable cerebral correlate of involuntary attention and its enhancement under threat, we measured gamma-PS elicited by novel sounds from human electroencephalogram (EEG) scalp-recordings when partic...
Language(s): Holandés

Ultrafast tracking of sound location changes as revealed by human auditory evoked potentials.

Author(s):
Description: The rapid discrimination of auditory location information enables grouping and selectively attending to specific sound sources. The typical indicator of auditory change detection is the mismatch negativity (MMN) occurring at a latency of about 100-250 ms. However, recent studies have revealed the ex...
Language(s): Holandés

A risk variant for alcoholism in the NMDA receptor affects amygdala activity during fear conditioning in humans.

Author(s):
Description: People at high risk for alcoholism show deficits in aversive learning, as indicated by impaired electrodermal responses during fear conditioning, a basic form of associative learning that depends on the amygdala. A positive family history of alcohol dependence has also been related to decreased amyg...
Language(s): Holandés

Mathematical anxiety effects on simple arithmetic processing efficiency: an event-related potential study.

Author(s):
Description: This study uses event-related brain potentials to investigate the difficulties that high math anxious individuals face when processing dramatically incorrect solutions to simple arithmetical problems. To this end, thirteen high math-anxious (HMA) and thirteen low math-anxious (LMA) individuals were ...
Language(s): Holandés

Less precise representation of numerical magnitude in high math-anxious individuals: an ERP study of the size and distance effects.

Author(s):
Description: Numerical comparison tasks are widely used to study the mental representation of numerical magnitude. In study, event-related brain potentials (ERPs) were recorded while 26 high math-anxious (HMA) and 27 low math-anxious (LMA) individuals were presented with pairs of single-digit Arabic numbers and ...
Language(s): Holandés

Phasic boosting of auditory perception by visual emotion.

Author(s):
Description: Emotionally negative stimuli boost perceptual processes. There is little known, however, about the timing of this modulation. The present study aims at elucidating the phasic effects of, emotional processing on auditory processing within subsequent time-windows of visual emotional, processing in hum...
Language(s): Holandés

Mitochondrial response to the BCKDK-deficiency: Some clues to understand the positive dietary response in this form of autism

Author(s):
Description: Mutations on the mitochondrial-expressed Branched Chain a-Keto acid Dehydrogenase Kinase (BCKDK) gene have been recently associated with a novel dietary-treatable form of autism. But, being a mitochondrial metabolism disease, little is known about the impact on mitochondrial performance. Here, we an...
Language(s): Holandés

Encontrado 44 documentos, página mostrada 2 de 5

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