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IRC 2.0. Social media for information, relationship, and communication in the web 2.0 era

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Fumero-Reverón, Antonio

The rapid pace at which trends, news, tools, technologies, devices, services, etc. come and go in our information society requires of every citizen a certain capacity to internalize the perceived complexity behind the metaphors we are used to hearing from IT professionals, as well as to assess the impact of these changes on everyday life. The article briefly introduces and develops a simplified model that helps in presenting three key phenomena that are relevant enough for understanding the…



Use of Twitter and Facebook by Iberoamerican media

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
García-de-Torres, Elvira, Yezers'Ka, Lyudmyla, Rost, Alejandro, Calderín, Mabel, Edo, Concha, Rojano, Miladys, Said, Elías, Jerónimo, Pedro, Arcila, Carlos, Serrano, Ana, Badillo, Jorge, Corredoira, Loreto

The aim of the present study is to examine the use of social media by 27 news outlets from Argentina, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, Portugal, Spain and Venezuela. To determine how these news media receive and disseminate information as well as interact with their audience, the research method combines analysis of Twitter and Facebook  profiles and semi-structured interviews.



Postdrama culture in Ecuador and Spain: Methodological framework and comparative study

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Orosa-Roldán, Miguel-Ángel, López-López, Paulo-Carlos

This paper results from a neo-functionalist constructivist theory as the one allowing us to understand that dialogue processes and social participation build culture with a dynamic and civic vision, as opposed to organic and much more conservative visions. The main objective is to create a panel of analysis of plays from the point of view of drama (sense) and post-drama (nonsense), introducing cross-cutting concepts such as identity, interculturality and participation. The second objective, and…



En torno a la idea de juego a partir de dos escenas de Calderón

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Máñez, María

This work deals with a certain idea of game in Calderón, starting from two metatheatrical scenes, which consists in being actor of one-self. At first it is analysed how the game works from a dramatic point of view in El mayor encanto, amor. Then the conceptual progression of this idea in Los cabellos de Absalón is studied. Finally, the author puts the scope of this Calderonian idea of game into perspective by considering some contemporary focuses on mimesis and the…



From sMOOC to tMOOC, learning towards professional transference. ECO European Project

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Osuna-Acedo, Sara, Marta-Lazo, Carmen, Frau-Meigs, Divina

The evolution of MOOCs in the last decade has been constant and dynamic. The first cMOOC and xMOOC models eventually evolved into different postMOOC modalities, such as sMOOC, which conjugates interaction among students with a participation model based on social networks. This work is focused on carrying out a systematic review of the state-of-the-art scientific literature referred to the concept of MOOC and its diverse types. Moreover, in this article, a new generation associated to sMOOC is…



La transversalidad en los materiales institucionales

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Guerra, Gloria

Uno de los aspectos más novedosos del modelo curricular que se deriva de la actual Ley de Ordenación General del Sistema Educativo (LOGSE) es, sin lugar a dudas, la incorporación en él de los diferentes temas transversales; es decir, la incorporación de determinadas ejes que han de estar presentes en todas las áreas del currículo y a lo largo de las diferentes etapas y niveles educativos: Educación Moral y C…



'Asegúrate' Program: Effects on cyber-aggression and its risk factors

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
del-Rey-Alamillo, Rosario, Mora-Merchán, Joaquín, Casas, José-A., Ortega-Ruiz, Rosario, Elipe, Paz

Intervention against cyberbullying and other risks associated with the misuse of ITC and social networks is an important social demand. The «Asegúrate» Program tries to support teachers in this intervention. This research shows the impact of the program among those that have shown to be less sensitive to other ones: cyber-aggressors. Concretely, the impact of the program on the prevalence of aggression in cyberbullying and bullying, sexting and abusive use of the…



Calderón's Sacramental Play as the Transition from No-time to Virtual Time

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Parra, Elena

This essay propose that today's «virtual time", a concept much written about in this era of techno(i)logical communication, is recognizable in Calderón de la Barca's sacramental plays written over three centuries ago, because they revolve around a-dimensional time, not eternity.



University training on entrepreneurship in communication and journalism business projects

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Aceituno-Aceituno, Pedro, Casero-Ripollés, Andreu, Escudero-Garzás, José-Joaquín, Bousoño-Calzón, Carlos

The current scenario of crisis and change has prompted the idea of entrepreneurship as a way to develop new media business models that can be promoted by university training. In this study, we aim to assess the effects of such training. A qualitative study was conducted using in-depth interviews of Spanish journalism and communication entrepreneurs who have undergone university training in business creation and management. Our results show the positive effects of this training on…



«La vida es sueño» en televisión o de un auto sacramental sin sacramento

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
González, Horacio

This article analyses the Spanish television adaptation of Calderón’s sacramental play La vida es sueño by Alberto González Vergel (1965), focusing on changes such as the elimination of certain parts of the text, the addition of images to illustrate the scenes, or the alteration of verses. It also examines the scenography, the wardrobe and the scenic music and compares these to Calderón’s vision and to the staging of Federico Garc…



La influencia de «El príncipe constante» de Grotowski en la puesta en escena de Calderón en España

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Rufo, Sergio

The performance of The Constant Prince by Grotowski’s Teatr Laboratorium was a turning point for the history of Western theatre, but tradicionally its infl uence on the 20th century Spanish stage has been considered not really relevant, at least as far as it concerns the restauration of Calderón plays onstage. The aim of this paper is to report the reception of Calderón’s spiritual dramas in Spain. First of all we will remind the history of the…



El pensamiento vestido de loco. Escritura e inspiración en la obra de Calderón

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Aichinger, Wolfram

In Calderón’s plays, the act of writing is often viewed as a battle between reason and passion, the result left on the paper therefore being unforeseeable. Calderón’s ideas about the creative process, the transformation of nocturnal visions into works of art, the power of dreams and visions which confront the dreamer with his double, take him into another sphere of time and can heal him from evil powers are of astounding modernity and can be found in…



«Verdaderos y fingidos papeles» en «farsas de noche». Los momentos más calderonianos de Calderón

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Aichinger, Wolfram

Taking up ideas forwarded by Henry W. Sullivan or Karl Vossler, we propose a study of Calderón’s comedies focused on moments of highest dramatic intensity and an analysis of the ways in which the steady growth of energy leads up to these great scenes. Many of them share a set of features and could be related to the poet’s lifelong existential concerns and philosophical obsessions. Whereas the end of the second jornada frequently shows the main character(s) in a…



Secrets and Secrecy in Calderón's Comedies and in Spanish Golden Age Culture. Outline of a New Research Focus in Calderonian Studies

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Aichinger, Wolfram, Kroll, Simon

The public enactment of secrecy is part of the Spanish Golden Age culture. This article presents a research project, which pursues three objectives: 
A study of secrecy as a core characteristic of Spanish Golden Age culture, on the basis of historiographical studies, sources and cultural theories of secrecy.
 A study of Calderonian comedies of secrecy in the context of Golden Age theatre.
 A case study of the comedy El secreto a voces, including a critical edition that also explores the…



Artivism: A new educative language for transformative social action

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Aladro-Vico, Eva, Jivkova-Semova, Dimitrina, Bailey, Olga

This study describes the concepts, historical precedents, language and fundamental experiences of artivism. It shows the research activities from two main universities (Complutense de Madrid in Spain and Nottingham Trent in UK) as well as other cultural institutions (Élan Interculturel from France and Artemiszio from Hungary), which have explored the educational potential of artivism as a new way of achieving social engagement using innovation and artistic creation. The paper defines…



Bacterial sensitivity in patients with urinary infections Barquisimeto, Lara. January - june 2017

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Altuve, Pablo

Urinary infections frequently presents recurrences, justifying repeated treatments that can lead to bacterial resistance, which has become a public health problem. The objective of this work is to determine the sensitivity patterns of bacterial strains isolated from patients with mild urinary tract infection in Barquisimeto, Lara state in the period January - July 2017. This is a quantitative, descriptive and transversal research. The universe consisted of 715 patients with suspected urinary…



Hermanos y hermanas en contienda en las comedias cómicas de Calderón (con una mirada hacia Lope)

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Antonucci, Fausta

Four of Calderón’s capa y espada comedies, namely La dama duende, Con quien vengo, vengo, No hay burlas con el amor, El agua mansa, play with the dramatic themes of fraternal rivalry and divergences in personality and behaviour between sisters and/or brothers. From 1629 (when La dama duende was first performed) to 1642-1644 (supposed date of El agua mansa), the way these themes are handled by Calderón changes. Along with an analysis of these changes, we compare…



Prosumers and emirecs: Analysis of two confronted theories

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Aparici, Roberto, García-Marín, David

In the 1970s, the publications of Alvin Toffler and Jean Cloutier were essential for the emergence of two concepts, prosumer, and emirec, whose meanings have been mistakenly equated by numerous scholars and researchers. At the same time, the mercantilist theories linked to prosumption have made invisible the models of communication designed by Cloutier. In this article, configured as a review of the state of the art made from an exhaustive documentary analysis, we observe that, while the notion…



YouTubers' social functions and their influence on pre-adolescence

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Aran-Ramspott, Sue, Fedele, Maddalena, Tarragó, Anna

This study focuses on the relationship between preadolescents and youtubers, with the objective of observing how tweens integrate youtubers as referents of a teen digital culture. From a socio-psychological and communicological perspective, a mixed methodological design was applied to carry out the audience study, which was divided into two parts: a quantitative analysis of the audience via a survey administered to 1,406 eleven-twelve year old students of Catalan Secondary Schools, and a…



Tetrasyllabic variations in the Golden Age

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Arellano, Ignacio

This article shows the abundance of tetrameter verses, —denied by Pablo Jauralde—, in the poetry of the Golden Age, in special in some genres like traditional poetry, or drama.



La edición académica española: indicadores y características

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Arguimbau, Llorenç

¿Cuál es el panorama de las editoriales académicas españolas? ¿Cuál es el reconocimiento de los libros científicos en el sistema de evaluación? Desde 2008, el Grupo de Investigación sobre el Libro Académico (ILIA) del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) ha impulsado una línea de investigación para responder a estas cuestiones. Adem…



Change of effective properties of concrete by alkali-silica reaction

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Augusto Pianezzer, Guilherme, Gramani, Liliana, Kaviski, Eloy

The present work develops a model of computer simulation of the actual properties of concrete under the action of alkali-silica reaction. Obtains a computational representation from the analysis of the chemical reaction and homogenenization techniques. Alkali-Silica reaction forms a gel that changes the effective properties of concrete and can lead to damage to structures, especially of hydroelectric dams. The model consists of three phases, generation of representative element of concrete, gel…



Possible Worlds within Calderón de la Barca and Robert Lepage

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Ávila, Andrea

The present work analyzes the concept of possible worlds within Possible Worlds, a film by the Canadian director Robert Lepage, and El gran teatro del mundo by Calderón de la Barca. Both works deal with a humanity that lives under the rules of an external order, but that is able to use the free will. On one hand, Lepage plays with the mathematical theory of possible worlds which intends to prove the existence of a single person in parallel universes. On the other hand, Calder&…



The Disguise of Madness and the Subversion of Order in La Cisma de Ingalaterra

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Barone, Lavinia

This essay intends analyzing the disguise of madness in Calderón’s La Cisma de Ingalaterra, not only as a concrete element of the performance that contributes to Pasquin’s connotation, but also as a dramatic metaphor that is used by Calderón in order to bring on stage the subversion of order and the unmasking of fiction and hypocrisy. concept, whose dramatic construction can be established from symbolic functions of costume. Second, it analyses Pasquin…



Malaria in indigenous of Lower Caura. Sucre and Cedeño municipalities, Bolívar State, Venezuela

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Barrada, Yudelsi, Castillo, Pedresmar, Orozco, Mariela, Rojas, Glenda, Mejía, Raquel, Ybarra, Luis, Rondón, Rafael

Malaria is a hemoparasitosis caused by intracellular protozoa belonging to the genus Plasmodium and transmitted by the bite of femalemosquitoes of the genus Anopheles . A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out in the indigenous communities of Bajo Caura,Sucre and Cedeño municipalities, Bolívar state, Venezuela, during the 2015-2016 period. The sample consisted of 244 inhabitants ofthe communities under study. An epidemiological survey was applied to each…



Evolución de la violencia en el cine: «Rebelión en las aulas»

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Moreno, Julio

El presente artículo quiere poner de relieve cómo ha evolucionado la violencia juvenil de forma paralela, seguramente, a la evolución social. En los momentos actuales, es decir, en la década de los 90, la violencia juvenil ha llegado a ser un tema de preocupación general. Se ocupa de ella, como siempre, la educación y la familia, pero ya ha desbordado los límites normales de los entornos donde crece y se forma la…



Parental mediation of the Internet use of Primary students: beliefs, strategies and difficulties

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Bartau-Rojas, Isabel, Aierbe-Barandiaran, Ana, Oregui-González, Eider

The use of the Internet by children at an increasingly early age today constitutes a major challenge for families and schools, as well as affecting educational and social policy. This is a qualitative piece of research that analyzes parents’ beliefs, everyday practices and the difficulties they face in teaching their children the benefits and risks inherent in Internet use. The researchers used the discussion group technique, with four groups of parents of primary school children from…



Observaciones sobre el género dramático: el cierre y la apertura de «La devoción de la cruz»

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Benabu, Isaac

The present article considers aspects of the dramatic genre, illustrating the arguments adduced with reference to La devoción de la cruz. It focuses on aspects of theatrical writing which the dramatist codifi es in the play text, that is, Calderón’s stagecraft in fashioning the plot with performance in mind. The article consists of two parts: the first discusses some theatrical techniques that help to distinguish between tragedy and comedy, such as the development…



Connected learning ecologies as an emerging opportunity through Cosplay

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Bender, Sophia, Peppler, Kylie

Connected learning explains how people can build learning pathways that connect their interests, relationships, and formal learning to lead toward future opportunities such as careers. However, most learning systems are not set up ideally for connected learning; for instance, most schools still teach disciplines as discrete units that do not connect to students’ interests outside of school. We do not yet know enough about the structure of naturally occurring connected learning…



Un nou paradigma de formació professional i professionalitzadora

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Cossío, J., Puig, Eulàlia

Des del punt de vista de l'acompliment professional, vivim inequívocament en la societat de l'aprenentatge. Les previsions publicades per la UE en la seva Estratègia 2020 indiquen que el 40% de les noves ocupacions tindran en el futur una gran exigència de coneixement específic i d'autonomia professional i que la majoria dels oficis existents en l'actualitat hauran d'adaptar-se a transformacions que requeriran…



El taller de escritura de Calderón: el manuscrito RES-79 de la BNE

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Rojo, María

The aim of this paper is to analyse the features of calderonian writing in a partially autograph manuscript. The manuscript Res-79, by which the second version of El mayor monstruo del mundo is preserved, allows observing two fundamental aspects in this dramatic creation pro-cess at the same time: on the one hand, the importance of the scenic determinants, because the two first acts have the typical features of a company manuscript; on the other hand, the third act, autograph, is a perfect…



Communication research in Spain: Weaknesses, threats, strengths and opportunities

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Caffarel-Serra, Carmen, Ortega, Félix, Gaitán, Juan-Antonio

This article presents the methodological strategies, results and a critical analysis of the national research project MapCom “The Research Sphere on Communication Studies Social Practices, Map of Projects, Groups, research objects and methods”. We present the results obtained within the first two phases of the research project. The complete sample of objects for analysis was selected within this time span, all doctoral research and research projects were included. We…



Meta-synthesis of Literacy for the Empowerment of Vulnerable Groups

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Camilli-Trujillo, Celia, Römer-Pieretti, Max

The vulnerability translates in concrete human groups that, although they know what occurs around them in a digital matter, by his own social and cultural condition they are alienated and, in this sense, away of the exercise of the information right. The aim has been to analyze the critical, media and digital literacy for the empowerment of vulnerable groups. The systematic review of the literature (meta-synthesis) covers the period between the years 1996-2016 and launched 202 documents, of…



College Students in Lima: Politics, Media and Participation

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Cano-Correa, Ana-María, Quiroz-Velasco, María-Teresa, Nájar-Ortega, Rosario

In Peru, young college students have leading roles in social protest mobilizations even when they seldom belong to political organizations. This study aims to analyze the perception of current politics and its institu-tions among young college students, and to inquire into their interest on relevant events at their surround-ings and into the importance gained by the media and the social networks concerning their information. The purpose of this project is also to examine the role assigned by…



«Amado y aborrecido»: la edición de Juan de Vera Tassis y su modus operandi

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Lago, María

The most recent textual studies of Calderon’s plays indicate that Juan de Vera Tassis, the early editor of the partes, had access to authorised witnesses, now missing, that explain the substantial changes present in his editions. The case of Amado y aborrecido reveals that his modus operandi has to undoubtedly have been as follows: he made use of, at least, two basic texts: the Quinta parte and a superior unknown witness with Calderon’s genuine readings. Vera’s…



Artivism and NGO: Relationship between image and 'engagement' in Instagram

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Carrasco-Polaino, Rafael, Villar-Cirujano, Ernesto, Martín-Cárdaba, Miguel

Due to the increasing importance of acquiring technological tools in communication strategies, and while taking into account that non-Governmental Organizations (NGO) use Instagram as a potential artivist tool to disseminate their initiatives and needs, the present article aims to investigate the form and content of photographs published in the social website Instagram during 2017 by the 20 most relevant NGOs at the international level. Specifically, we study the choice of formal elements, such…



Communicating science: The profile of science journalists in Spain

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Cassany, Roger, Cortiñas, Sergi, Elduque, Albert

Science journalists are mainly responsible for publicly communicating science, which, in turn, is a major indicator of the social development of democratic societies. The transmission of quality scientific information that is rigorously researched and understandable is therefore crucial, and demand for this kind of information from both governments and citizens is growing. We analyzed the academic profiles of a representative sample of practicing science journalists in Spain to clarify what…



Distributed digital contexts and learning: Personal empowerment and social transformation in marginalized populations

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Chib, Arul, Bentley, Caitlin, Wardoyo, Reidinar-Juliane

The role of digital media and learning has often been synonymous with the use of open education resources in formal institutional settings. Further, open and distance learning has been criticized for focusing narrowly on educational objectives, ignoring socio-political issues of access and participation by marginalized populations. This study examines the lived experiences of female migrant domestic workers (N=20) in Singapore attending Open University. Mobile and social media supplement open…



Youth impact on the public sphere in Press and Twitter: The dissolution of the Spanish Youth Council

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Clua, Anna, Ferran-Ferrer, Núria, Terren, Ludovic

This paper aims to contribute to the study of the difficulties that young people face in accessing the public sphere as political actors. It looks at the Press coverage and the Twitter activity surrounding the restructuring process and the subsequent dissolution of the Spanish Youth Council (Consejo de la Juventud de España - CJE). A content analysis was carried out on the news published in 22 newspapers between 2012 and 2014, as well as on the use of Twitter within the framework of…



Health Informatics: Three key themes and the academic-professional context

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Cobarsí-Morales, Josep

In this article we discuss a conceptual approach to Health Informatics. We then review the status, trends, and main challenges in relation to three themes in the development of this field: patient empowerment, equity in health, and data science application to health. We conclude with a brief review of the academic context and professional associations, both in Spain and at the international level.



Funciones externas en las comedias de enredo calderonianas

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Coenen, Erik

This paper offers an, inevitably incomplete, inventory of the techniques employed by Calderón in order to harmonise external and internal textual functions in his comedias de enredo. At the same time, it aims to offer a sketch of a method for detailed analysis of theatre texts in general, which will be shown to be especially adequate for studying comedias de enredo. 



Knowledge of health professionals on interpersonal conflicts and labor harassment

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Colmenárez, Irymairy, Quero, Nayda

Interpersonal relationships are fundamental for the development of society, however, disagreements, needs and particularinterests are the perfect breeding ground to generate conflicts, the problem lies in the course that these conflicts can take.Daza, Pérez and López, (1998) affirm that, workplace harassment does not occur exclusively for causes directly related to theperformance of work or its organization, but rather it has its origin in the interpersonal relationships…



Del razonamiento argumental a la retórica de las imágenes

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
García, Ramón

El autor describe el cambio que se ha producido en la estructura de los mensajes de la publicidad gráfica durante el siglo XX. De unos textos caracterizados por la profusión del lenguaje escrito y en donde la imagen era una mera ilustración, se ha pasado a mensajes publicitarios donde la imagen ocupa una función esencial, un valor de comunicación que ha sustituido el razonamiento argumental por una retórica visual fundamentada b…



El Divino Narciso: A Contrafacta of Eco y Narciso?

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Koloffon, Adriana

Literary works recreated in a religious sense from a profane work are known as «contrafactae». They were developed between the 13th and 16th and even during the 17th century. A contrafactae- writer chooses a profane theme and develops it extensively in order to show an idea related to the Christian tradition. In its most concentrated way of expression, the divinization of profane themes carries out the literary resource of allegory. During the 16th century, many moralized…



The Cognitive Processing of an Educational App with EEG and 'Eye Tracking'

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Cuesta-Cambra, Ubaldo, Niño-González, José-Ignacio, Rodríguez-Terceño, José

The use of apps in education is becoming more frequent. However, the mechanisms of attention and processing of their contents and their consequences in learning have not been sufficiently studied. The objective of this work is to analyze how information is processed and learned and how visual attention takes place. It also investigates the existence of gender differences. The responses to 15 images are analyzed using 'Eye Tracking' and EEG in a sample of 22 young students. The…



The Viceroyalty of Naples in Cervantes’ Novelas ejemplares

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Armas, Frederick

In many of his literary works Cervantes exhibits a desire for Italy, which can be encountered in his dedications and his many references to the art, literature and culture of the peninsula. Cervantes recalls in particular his lengthy stay in Naples, capital of the most important Spanish viceroyalties of the time. This essay studies Cervantes’ desire for Italy through the lenses of the Novelas ejemplares. Here, this impetus seems somewhat ambiguous in that the dedicatory to the Count…



Spies and security: Assessing the impact of animated videos on intelligence services in school children

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Díaz-Fernández, Antonio, del-Real-Castrillo, Cristina

Making the work of security organizations known to school children is a means of mitigating feelings of insecurity provoked by the diffusion of information on terrorist attacks in communications media and through social media. Whilst there is a longer tradition of projects to educate school children on the police and the armed forces, no comparable projects have been found on the intelligence services. With the objective of filling this gap, the authors designed and produced two animated…



Ubiquitous learning ecologies for a critical cybercitizenship

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Díez-Gutiérrez, Enrique, Díaz-Nafría, José-María

The aim of this research is to identify and analyse the ubiquitous learning acquired though blending education settings devoted to the 'lifelong training of trainers' and how these contribute to the development of a conscious, critic and engaged citizenship. Through active exploration of the learning process, the study analyses the 'soft skills” acquired which enhance performance in work and daily life, with the purpose of detecting the process of ubiquitous…



La reinvención de «La dama duende»: de comedia española a película argentina de exiliados

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Domènech, Conxita

This essay examines a classical work of Spain’s Baroque theater, La dama duende (1629) by the dramatist Pedro Calderón de la Barca, and a classical movie of Argentinean cinema, La dama duende (1944) by the director Luis Saslavsky. The play, belonging to the genre of cloak and sword drama, becomes a film painted with the most well-known tapestry cartoons by Francisco de Goya. Likewise, the writers María Teresa León and Rafael Alberti transform this play…



Escenografía para «La hidalga del valle» de Calderón de la Barca: un auto a la sazón

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Matito, Francisco

Calderón de la Barca’s La hidalga del valle is an auto sacramental, or allegorical religious play, written in defense of the mystery of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary. The playwright made two versions of the play, one to be performed in carts (carros) during the Corpus party and another for the stage. The latter, which took place in Granada in 1640, is the fi rst attested performance, within the immaculist celebrations on account of an infamous libel against…



Cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Balza, Amanda, Canache, Beatriz, Hernández, Rafael, Camacho, Carlos, Camacho, Juan

Exposure to cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) during childhood and adolescence may be associated with the development of atherosclerosis in adult life. The objective of the present investigation was to evaluate the cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents, belonging to two diversified education institutions of the Iribarren Municipality, Barquisimeto, Lara State. It was a prospective, descriptive investigation, through which clinical and paraclinical parameters were determined to evaluate…



Valores democráticos y publicidad

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Entrelínies, Colectivo

La inserción en la prensa diaria, en la radio y en la televisión de anuncios publicitarios en más de una ocasión lesionan derechos fundamentales o se centran en valores anticonstitucionales. Como ciudadanos preocupados por el desarrollo integral de las personas, hemos de denunciar tales hechos. El presente artículo es el informe de prensa difundido por este colectivo valenciano en torno a un mensaje publicitario divulgado en los medios de…



Estereotipos en el cómic

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Igado, Manuel, Gracia, María

Los autores de este trabajo recurren al medio del cómic para mostrar ejemplos de estereotipos profesionales, familiares, sociales y nacionales, con el objeto de poner al descubierto cómo en este lenguaje se transmiten también clichés que si bien son tomados del mundo de la calle, aquí son reforzados y van progresivamente interiorizándose. La historieta cómica es, por ello, también, como la televisi&…



eGamers’ influence in brand advertising strategies. A comparative study between Spain and Korea

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Fanjul-Peyró, Carlos, González-Oñate, Cristina, Peña-Hernández, Pedro-Jesús

The eGames business (online video games) in Spain generated more than 1.8 trillion euros in profits in 2016. Advertising is no stranger to the potential of this market, and brands study the best ways of approaching and adapting to the world of eGames. In this report, we analyze which the most effective advertising strategies for brands in the online video game world are. To do this, the players (eGamers) answered a 60 question survey that addressed issues such as playful habits, the viewing of…



Digital natives: Online audiovisual content consumption, creation and dissemination

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Fernández-de-Arroyabe-Olaortua, Ainhoa, Lazkano-Arrillaga, Iñaki, Eguskiza-Sesumaga, Leyre

Teenagers inhabit a virtual universe with their own model of entertainment, learning and communication. This research work defines the consumption, creation and diffusion patterns of online audiovisual contents young students of Guipúzcoa have acquired in the fields of leisure and complementary information resources for school use, attending to three different variables: gender, grade (age) and type of educational institution (public or private). The research methodology focuses on a…



La doble mirada sobre Andalucía

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Trevijano, Juan

Si bien «lo andaluz», allende de nuestras fronteras, define superficialmente el carácter de «lo español», en cambio, en nuestro país, el auténtico proceso de formación cultural de Andalucía y las marcas definitorias de este pueblo siguen siendo una incógnita por descubrir. Bien es verdad que los medios de comunicación han hecho hasta ahora flaco favor por descubrir y…



Generation Z's Teachers and their Digital Skills

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Cruz, Francisco, Díaz, María

The presence of technological resources in schools and the high performance of socalled «Technology Generation» or «Generation Z» students are not enough to develop students' digital competence. The primary key is determined by the technological and pedagogical skills of teachers. In this paper, we intend to analyze the level of ICT skills of teachers in primary and secondary establishing a competency framework adapted to the Spanish educational…



Calderón y la ‘mente cómica’ de su tiempo: el ejemplo de «El astrólogo fingido»

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Folger, Robert

The example of El astrólogo fingido by Calderón de la Barca shows that Anthony Close’s reconstruction of the collective comic mentality of the age of Cervantes is an appropriate frame for understanding the workings of humor in contemporary theater. French philosopher Henri Bergson’s theory of laughter sheds light on other aspects of humor in the theatre. Particularly in the metatheatrical elements of El astrólogo fingido we see that Bergson…



Beasts, Harpies and Medeas: Tudor Representations in Lope and Calderón

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Forteza, Deborah

Sourced in Pedro de Ribadeneira’s Historia eclesiástica del scisma del reyno de Inglaterra (1588, 1593), Lope de Vega’s comedy, El amor desatinado, and Calderón de la Barca’s tragedy, La cisma de Ingalaterra, attenuate the monstrous portrayal of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn that distinguishes their source text. These changes can be attributed primarily to aesthetic choices and generic necessities, fi rst, because Lope echoes Ribadeneira&…



The convergence of the traditional sociomedical and the contemporary biomedical paradigms: is it possible?

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Franco, Remigia

This essay lays out some thoughts regarding the social healing practices that coexist with scientific Medicine in Venezuela, pursuant towhat has been expressed by expert doctors, young specialist doctors and users of the healthcare services in the Socialist Venezuela of the21 st century. The interest of such research focused on interpreting with a critical spirit the meanings of the medical discourse regarding thecharacteristics of scientific and pre-scientific medicine, as well as the users…



Estrategias espaciales de comicidad en la comedia de capa y espada calderoniana

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Espinoza, Romina

Three comedic strategies will be proposed, starting with the premise of the permeability and multifunctionality of the spaces in Calderonian drama. These reflect exclusively about the game, the leading use of the spaces and the complicity between the author and the public, elements whose interaction is intended to unleash the laughter of the audience. 



Google or Gutenberg Generation: Chilean university students’ reading habits and reading purposes

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Parodi, Giovanni, Moreno-de-León, Tomás, Julio, Cristóbal, Burdiles, Gina

It has always been in the public interest to know the reading habits of readers of various ages and levels of schooling, as well as their opinions with regard to the consumption of reading materials. Lately, researchers have given increased attention to digital texts. Although progress on these topics has been made as reported in published research, there is yet incomplete information regarding readers’ habits and opinions at university and professional levels. This study describes…



Lo trágico y lo cómico mezclado en las piezas amatorias de Calderón

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Jiménez, Felipe

The light-hearted pieces with a happy ending produced during the Spanish Golden Age were no longer in accordance to the comedy based on turpitudo et deformitas — which was confined to «entremess». Instead, they offered a new kind of complex humour, which no longer rejected creating empathy with the characters. Despite the claims of some well-known criticism, the tragic and comic universes are radically separated in Calderón. Even though the comic pieces…



Application of Topic Maps to the Semantic Analysis of Calderón's Comedias

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Pimentel, Miriam

This study presents a methodological proposal that can be applied to Calderón's comedias. Topic maps are a useful tool, both conceptual and methodological, that help to structure information for each play, without losing the sense of the text. By mapping the components of the work (characters, places, objects, etc.) and the relations among them (relations of meaning and significance), this study analyzes the plays for either a particular study of each comedia or for a…



Educación ambiental y medios de comunicación

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Palacios, Francisco, Ramírez, Nieves

Desde la gestación de la LOGSE, la Educación Ambiental se ha convertido en el genuino representante de las materias transversales a incorporar en el currículum escolar. Sin embargo, la escuela no acaba de hacer suyas estas recomendaciones de integración por distintas razones, entre las que sobresalen la escasez de medios y una insuficiente preparación del profesorado. Mientras tanto, el alumno sigue asistiendo como espectador pasivo a un…



Una metodología numérica sin malla para la resolución de las ecuaciones de elasticidad mediante el método de puntos finitos

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Perazzo, F., Oñate, E., Miquel, J.

Las principales aportaciones de la tesis se pueden circunscribir a los siguientes ámbitos: Por un lado explicar y desarrollar la formulación del MPF para su utilización en problemas de la elasticidad lineal de sólidos. Hasta la fecha no se contaba con un análisis completo de la formulación del método, además no se contaba con un código que permitiese …



Young people learning from digital media outside of school: The informal meets the formal

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Pereira, Sara, Fillol, Joana, Moura, Pedro

The dissonance between what teenagers learn in classrooms and their everyday lives is not a recent phenomenon, but it is increasingly relevant as school systems are unable to follow the evolution of media and society beyond traditional concerns regarding the protection of young people. An overly scholarly view of learning continues to prevail in our society, which seems to marginalize the knowledge that young people develop with and through media and digital platforms. Based on questionnaires,…



Gamification and transmedia for scientific promotion and for encouraging scientific careers in adolescents

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Pérez-Manzano, Antonio, Almela-Baeza, Javier

The current growth in gamification-based applications, and especially in what is known as Digital Game-based Learning (DGBL), is providing new opportunities with considerable educational potential. In the present study, we report on the results of the progress of a project for developing a setting for a gamified website carried out ad hoc, complemented by transmedia resources and aimed at scientific promotion and the promotion of technological and scientific careers (S&T) in adolescents…



YouTuber videos and the construction of adolescent identity

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Pérez-Torres, Vanesa, Pastor-Ruiz, Yolanda, Abarrou-Ben-Boubaker, Sara

The main objective of this research is to analyze the content of YouTuber's videos that have the greatest impact on adolescents and their relationship with the construction of identity. The YouTube platform is one of the most commonly used by Spanish teenagers and around 70% of young people between 14 and 17 years of age prefer this network. YouTubers are perceived by young people as their equals, approachable people who share similar traits to their own, which facilitates rapid…



La construcción de una revista escolar: «La rosa de papel»

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Herrero, Pilar

La elaboración de un periódico escolar es, sin duda, una de las experiencias más globalizadoras que la utilización didáctica de la prensa en las aulas pone en manos de los docentes. El proceso de gestión de un diario supone la puesta en marcha de un complicado engranaje investigativo, donde el proceso tienen tanta –o más, si cabe– trascendencia que el producto final. La autora de esta colaboraci…



Radio studies: An overview from the Ibero-American academia

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Piñeiro-Otero, Teresa, Martín-Pena, Daniel

Due to its penetration and access, radio is a very important mass media in the Ibero-American context. However, radio has not received much scholarly attention. In this framework, the present study analyses the situation of Ibero-American radio studies from the perspective of their scientific community. This approach is new in that it focuses on the work, perceptions, and assessment of radio research at supranational level, shedding light on similarities and differences in terms of how…



Calderón de la Barca en la recepción ucraniana

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Pronkevich, Oleksandr

The objective of the study is to analyze the reception of the personality and of the works of Pedro Calderón de Barca in Ukraine. By the term «the Ukrainian reception of Calderón» the author of the paper understands the corpus of texts (translations of the playwright’s works and academic papers, critical essays, etc., about the classic of the Spanish literature of the Golden Age) produced in the Ukrainian language. There are two factors which…



Aprender a mirar: el lugar de los textos visuales en el currículum escolar

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Quin, Robyn, Martínez, Mariano

Si bien es cada vez más frecuente el uso de los textos visuales en el aula, no siempre –por desgracia– se parte de planteamientos profundos que justifiquen su uso y los encuadren con un sentido plural e innovador dentro del currículum escolar. Los autores de este trabajo se centran en fundamentar, de una forma sistemática, el lugar que la comunicación audiovisual ha de tener en el currículum escolar, tanto desde su…



Co-creation and open innovation: Systematic literature review

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Ramírez-Montoya, María, García-Peñalvo, Franciso-José

Open science, as a common good, opens possibilities for the development of nations, through innovations and collaborative constructions, which help to democratize knowledge. Advances in this area are still emerging, and the open science, cocreation of knowledge and open innovation triangle, is presented as an opportunity to generate an original contribution from research to open educational theory and practices. The study analyzed the articles that addressed this triangle, in order to identify…



Online risk perception in young people and its effects on digital behaviour

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Ramos-Soler, Irene, López-Sánchez, Carmen, Torrecillas-Lacave, Teresa

An important part of current research regarding online risks is aimed at analysing cyber aggression according to its frequency and type. By contrast, there is less scientific knowledge available on risk perception, the analysis of its components, and the measurement and impact on the behaviour of minors on the Internet. Therefore, the main objective of this study is to establish a classification of minors based on their perception of risk, digital consumption habits, family and/or educational…



Un nuevo arquetipo (masculino) para un nuevo consumidor (masculino)

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Fuentes, Juan

El autor de este artículo nos propone una revisión de los papeles tradicionalmente asignados al hombre y a la mujer en el imaginario de la publicidad. En su recorrido advertimos una clara ampliación de los valores arquetípicos del hombre, que ha pasado de ser mera «comparsa» de la mujer a constituirse en verdadero protagonista de la publicidad de hoy. El trabajo se adentra en la búsqueda de los motivos que han provocado…



Emotional intelligence and peer cybervictimisation in adolescents: Gender as moderator

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Rey, Lourdes, Quintana-Orts, Cirenia, Mérida-López, Sergio, Extremera, Natalio

Elucidating personal factors that may protect against the adverse psychological outcomes of cyberbullying victimisation might help guide more effective screening and school intervention. No studies have yet examined the role of emotional intelligence (EI) and gender in adolescent victims of cyberbullying and how these dimensions might interact in explaining cybervictimisation experiences. The main aim of this study was to examine the relationship between EI and cybervictimisation, and the…



La tentación de lo serio: a propósito de «El astrólogo fingido»

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Rodríguez-Gallego, Fernando

For his contemporaries, Calderón was probably an author primarily comic, because, at the time, his most successful plays on the stage were comical. The current image of Calderón as an eminently serious author emerged in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, and has prevailed until today. Because of it, on the one hand Calderón’s comical works have been marginalized and, on the other, serious interpretations of these plays have been sought…



Problematic uses of ICTs among young people in their personal and school life

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Rodríguez-Gómez, David, Castro, Diego, Meneses, Julio

Studies on ICT use in education usually focus on ICT’s contribution to training processes. However, scarce research has concentrated on the problematic use of ICT among young people in the school context, and most of it approaches the problem from a psychopathological perspective. The purpose of this paper, in contrast, is to analyse problematic ICT use among young people in their personal and school setting. The methodology involved applying a questionnaire to a sample of 1,052…



The Threefold Development of Segismundo: Ontogeny, Philogeny and Social Determinism

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Villar, Alejandra

This paper uses neuroscientific concepts to show an evolution of Segismundo in La vida es sueño in more dimensions than the social or individual ones, linking it to our species' own history in the way he uses the different attributes he confers to his character during the play. Segismundo is not only a prisoner who ends up taking up his position as prince, but also an example of the ideal process of Man's development and, at the same time, of the evolution that takes…



Jardines duplicados en las comedias mitológicas de Calderón

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Romera, María

This article analyzes the technique of duplication focusing on the motive of the garden in La fiera, el rayo y la piedra, Apolo y Climene and Ni Amor se libra de amor. It starts from the symbolic construction of the garden in the baroque theatre and from the singularities that this space acquires in Calderón’s mythological comedies. The alteration of its traditional values cannot abolish its condition of the perfect setting for love. If this happens, the creation of new…



“Alcañomías y buxetas de perro”: observaciones léxicas a un verso de Calderón («Amar después de la muerte»)

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Molina, Javier

The verses 208-224 of the comedy Amar después de la muerte have raised some textual controversies among Calderon’s scholars concerning the emendations of alcañomias and alcamonios and buxetas de perro, a collocation whose meaning is being disputed. This paper argues that buxetas de perro is not an error, but a linguistic variant inherited from the archetype: on one side, corpus evidence supports that its meaning was really ‘a strip of dog leather&…



Coautoría de «Sainetes y mojigangas» de Calderón y Emilio Carballido (México, 1985)

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Isais, Amalia, Montiel, Carlos-Urani

For Emilio Carballido, theatre was a pedagogical tool that could reach young people. Not only did he put several plays that dialogue with Spanish classical theater on stage, but also went on further and recast Golden Age dramas. That is what he did with «Sainetes y mojigangas», published in Teatro para adolescentes, sharing authorship with Calderon de la Barca: La tía, El desafío de Juan Rana, La rabia, and La muerte (Editores Mexicanos Unidos, 1985).…



Resilience in health workers of a pediatric intensive care unit

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Rodríguez, Avitmar, Ortunio, Magaly

Health professionals are subject to stressful situations almost daily, the current Venezuelan reality means that thesesituations are not limited only to the workplace but even to the daily life of all citizens; In this sense, the successfulresolution of these situations will depend on the subject's own resilience, which will help reduce stress, improvephysical and mental well-being and therefore the quality of service provided. Distribute the professionals according tosocial-labor…



Social Labs in Universities: Innovation and impact in Medialab UGR

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Romero-Frías, Esteban, Robinson-García, Nicolás

Social laboratories, defined as experimental spaces for co-creation, have currently become the main centres of innovation. Medialabs are experimental laboratories of technologies and communication media which have co-evolved along with the digital society into becoming mediation laboratories of citizen experimentation, observing a confluence of both models. In the last years, these centres have expanded within the higher education context, generating new forms of innovation and posing the issue…



Conflictos femeninos de poder: damas rivales en tres comedias de capa y espada de Calderón

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Roncero, Victoriano

Women play a very important role in the Spanish comedy of the 17th century. Female characters control the play action, manipulating the rest of the characters in order to reach their goals. Plenty of these comedies reflect the opposition between the beautiful woman and the discreet woman, who both fight to marry the gallant they are in love with. Calderón uses this thematic structure in some of his comedies, in which discretion always wins. 



Conflicts in the professional roles of journalists in Spain: Ideals and practice

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Roses-Campos, Sergio, Humanes-Humanes, María-Luisa

Based on a survey of 122 journalists from four Spanish newspapers carried out from 2015 to 2016, this paper analyses to what extent these professionals perceive a disconnection –a gap– between their role conception and their perceived role enactment, that is between their professional ideals and their journalistic practice, and which are the most “conflicting” roles in a Polarized Pluralist media system. According to the perceptions of the professionals…



Juego de tronos: disputas de poder en la comedia de Calderón

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Sáez, Adrián

Amongst the conflicts of power presented in Calderón’s theatre, this work examines the struggles for succession in kingdoms (and other duchies) in a series of palatine plays (La selva confusa, Lances de amor y fortuna, Para vencer amor, querer vencerlo and Mujer, llora y vencerás) and knights plays (Argenis y Poliarco, Auristela y Lisidante, El castillo de Lindabridis and Hado y divisa de Leonido y Marfisa), a corpus that allows to explore the development of a…



Advocacy of trafficking campaigns: A controversy story

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Saiz-Echezarreta, Vanesa, Alvarado, María-Cruz, Gómez-Lorenzini, Paulina

The construction, visualization, and stabilization of public problems require the mobilization of civil society groups concerned about these issues to actively engage in the demand for actions and policies. This paper explores the institutional campaigns against human trafficking and sexual exploitation in Spain between 2008 and 2017 and their role in helping to shape this issue as a matter of public concern. Our aim is to identify the ideological basis of these campaigns through their…



¿Regular o educar? El problema de los contenidos audiovisuales

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
García, María

Plantear desde la óptica del periodismo la necesidad de adoptar ante actitudes éticas ante la comunicación no es, sin duda, un factor nuevo a tener presente, pero la trascendencia que los medios van adquiriendo cada vez en las sociedades modernas nos exigen actualizarlo permanentemente. La autora de este texto, que ejerció como primera defensora del telespectador en un canal autonómico español, plantea la difícil…



Parent’s Influence on Acquiring Critical Internet Skills

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Sánchez-Valle, María, de-Frutos-Torres, Belinda, Vázquez-Barrio, Tamara

The accessibility and easeofuse for children of information and communication technologies lead us to suggest that one of the key questions for their potential empowerment is linked to their analytical use by means of the acquisition of critical skills. The family environment is considered an important factor in digital literacy and the education of critical citizens. The present paper analyzes the mediation role of the parents in their children’s education. It shows a predictive…



La educación para el uso de los medios y su identidad crítica

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Martínez, Mariano

Una enseñanza activa requiere necesariamente la reflexión sobre su sentido y es desde este acto formal del análisis donde surge el espíritu crítico, base de cualquier proceso educador de calidad y eje vertebrador de la enseñanza de los medios de comunicación en la escuela. El autor de esta colaboración parte de esta necesidad de fundamentar el desarrollo del espíritu crítico, ya que…



La mina que revienta en la comedia cómica de Calderón: el caso de «Primero soy yo»

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Jiménez, Antonio

This article analyses how Calderón used the realm of the mine in one of his capa y espada comedies, Primero soy yo (c. 1640-1642), in order to show that it has a double use (metaphorical and theatrical) that Calderón derives from Lope de Vega’s writings. After examining the criticism on the subject, the statistical data about the different meanings of the word mina in Calderón is layed out and the focus put on its military interpretation, in order to…



Tuberculosis in Venezuela, a constant problem

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Gutiérrez, Gerardo, Padilla, Edgar

In accordance with the last editorial of the Venezuelan Public Health Magazine1, we can add that by the year 2018 tuberculosis is emerging as one of the ten (10) main causes of mortality in the world2 presenting a moderate rate of 26.1 in Venezuela. per 100,000 inhabitants. The Delta Amacuro state represents one of the highest caseloads in Venezuela, especially in indigenous populations such as the Warao ethnic group where prevalence has been achieved in children with up to 60% pulmonary…