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Use of Twitter and Facebook by Iberoamerican media

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
García-de-Torres, Elvira, Yezers'Ka, Lyudmyla, Rost, Alejandro, Calderín, Mabel, Edo, Concha, Rojano, Miladys, Said, Elías, Jerónimo, Pedro, Arcila, Carlos, Serrano, Ana, Badillo, Jorge, Corredoira, Loreto

The aim of the present study is to examine the use of social media by 27 news outlets from Argentina, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, Portugal, Spain and Venezuela. To determine how these news media receive and disseminate information as well as interact with their audience, the research method combines analysis of Twitter and Facebook  profiles and semi-structured interviews.



Del gran teatro de España: Calderón, la historia del teatro y la utopía nacionalista en 1940

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Ruiz, Víctor

This paper consists in an edition and study of an unpublished essay by theatre director Felipe Lluch, in which he argues for an ultranationalistic view of the Spanish Theatre from xvith to XXth Century. Calderón, and especially his autos sacramentales, play a key role in this thoroughly fascist attempt to explain fi ve centuries of Theatre in Spain. 



Multiple intelligences and video games: Assessment and intervention with TOI software

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Garmen, Pablo, Rodríguez, Celestino, García-Redondo, Patricia, San-Pedro-Veledo, Juan-Carlos

Howard Gardner revolutionized the concept of intelligence with his Multiple Intelligences Theory. His vision was widely supported by the educational community, which considers different forms of learning and accessing knowledge. Despite its impact, there is still a lack of development of tools that can easily, practically and reliably evaluate multiple intelligences. This work describes the design, development, and piloting of TOI (Tree of Intelligences) software, a digital tool to evaluate…



A necessary refletión

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Gásperi, Rafael

Tomando como punto de partida reflexiones de editoriales anteriores, nos referiremos al paradigma de lacomplejidad para tratar de explicar problemas sociales y salud enfermedad de la población en la población infantilpor su vulnerabilidad, magnitud y complejidad para entenderlo. Este paradigma propone articular lasinterdependencias de los saberes disciplinarios o especializados, y concibe una organización o complejidad sistémicaentre el todo y las…



University Students and Informational Social Networks: Total Sceptics, Dual Moderates or Pro-Digitals

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Gavilan, Diana, Martinez-Navarro, Gema, Fernández-Lores, Susana

The goal of the present work is to analyze the use of social networks as a tool for social empowerment by Spanish university students, and their perception of the university as an institution that contributes to the formation of a critical and active citizenship, that provides them with the relevant digital competences. The literature review shows possible discrepancies regarding the effect of new forms of digital communication in empowering young people, specially university students, as well…



Designing for deep learning in the context of digital and social media

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Gee, James-Paul, Esteban-Guitart, Moisés

There is today a great deal of controversy over digital and social media. Even leaders in the tech industry are beginning to decry the time young people spend on smartphones and social networks. Recently, the World Health Organization proposed adding “gaming disorder” to its official list of diseases, defining it as a pattern of gaming behavior so severe that it takes “precedence over other life interests”. At the same time, many others have celebrated…



La mujer actual en los medios: estereotipos cinematográficos

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Ordóñez, Juana, Bozal, Ana

Las autoras parten del «conflicto» entre los dos sexos, generados por unas leyes que hoy en día conceden la igualdad teórica a la mujer y una interiorización de los estereotipos genéricos que permanecen en absoluta contradicción con esta supuesta igualdad. Se plantea entonces el enorme poder de los medios de comunicación para crear y/o afianzar estos estereotipos convirtiéndolos en modelos a seguir…



Communicating science: The profile of science journalists in Spain

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Cassany, Roger, Cortiñas, Sergi, Elduque, Albert

Science journalists are mainly responsible for publicly communicating science, which, in turn, is a major indicator of the social development of democratic societies. The transmission of quality scientific information that is rigorously researched and understandable is therefore crucial, and demand for this kind of information from both governments and citizens is growing. We analyzed the academic profiles of a representative sample of practicing science journalists in Spain to clarify what…



Teachers’ and students’ perception about cyberbullying. Intervention and coping strategies in primary and secondary education

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Giménez-Gualdo, Ana-M., Arnaiz-Sánchez, Pilar, Cerezo-Ramírez, Fuensanta, Prodócimo, Elaine

Currently, schools face the challenge of dealing with the phenomena of cyberbullying, which is increasingly present among teenagers. This study analyses teachers’ and students’ perception of the problem, as well as the strategies that both groups use to avoid it. Its findings will allow advances in prevention and intervention in the schools. The study was conducted on 1704 primary and secondary school students and 238 teachers who completed questionnaires about cyberbullying…



Los estereotipos como factor de socialización de género

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Gabaldón, Blanca

La autora parte de un detallado estudio sobre las distintas funciones asignadas a los estereotipos desde diferentes plataformas, para acabar adentrándose en el estudio de un estereotipo concreto: el de género, cuya denominación social es aún hoy día indiscutible. En el análisis de este estereotipo se profundiza en los motivos que pudieran haber llevado a la creación de este dualismo genérico cuya influencia…



La construcción de estereotipos andaluces por los medios

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Galiana, Rafael

Con un fino y exquisito lenguaje, el autor de este trabajo nos sumerge en el complejo tema de los estereotipos que se han ido gestando a lo largo del tiempo de los andaluces por confluencia de múltiples factores que les han hecho crecer como «pequeños universos de sentido» en el imaginario colectivo. Si bien los medios de comunicación no son generadores de los mismos, no hay duda que estos estereotipos gravitan sobre la conciencia social de…



Tecnofobias y tecnofilias en la escuela

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Yuste, José

En el artículo se reflexiona sobre los posicionamientos de resistencia y entreguismo que se manifiestan en la realidad educativa ante la necesidad de dar una respuesta a la cambiante realidad de los medios y las nuevas tecnologías. Tecnofobias y tecnofilias, consecuencia del tradicional miedo al cambio y la transformación, que se manifiestan con rostros distintos, pero siempre consecuencia de posturas carentes de análisis crítico y…



Televisión, sueños y angustia en los niños

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Sánchez, Jaime

El presente artículo expone el desarrollo y las conclusiones de una investigación realizada entre escolares de 4 a 10 años en la que se estudió la incidencia de la televisión en los sueños de angustia infantiles. Se investigó fundamentalmente el origen de las figuras terroríficas que aparecen en los sueños de angustia, su vinculación con la televisión, la evolución…



Towards understanding young children’s digital lives in China and Australia

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Gou, He, Dezuanni, Michael

This article develops insights and generates new lines of inquiry into young children’s digital lives in China and Australia. It brings to dialogue findings from a national study of young children's digital media use in urban settings in China with findings from studies in Australia. This is not presented as a direct comparison, but rather as an opportunity to shed light on children’s digital lives in two countries and to account for the impact of context in…



Mirror Neurons, Theatrical Mirrors and the Honor Code

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Greer, Margaret

This article relates the discovery of certain brain cells known as "mirror neurons" that help explain the biological basis of a pre-conceptual, pre-linguistic grounding of human cognition, to Lacanian theory of the formation of human subjectivity in the space of the other. In thus explains the intersubjective nature of honor that Lope describes in Los comendadores de Córdoba as "aquélla que consiste en otro". Mirror neurons theory shows…



Social Empowerment in Mexican Violent Contexts through Media Competence

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Grijalva-Verdugo, Abel-Antonio, Moreno-Candil, David

The acquisition of digital skills, media diet management, and general knowledge of ICT, is essential for the development and empowerment of audiences in the current media ecology, particularly considering the political and social challenges of the Latin American environment. In that sense, the study of media competence is urgent for sizing up the needs and characteristics of these communities. This work analyses the axiological and ideological dimension of media competence during an electoral…



El papel de los arquetipos en los actuales estereotipos sobre la mujer

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Bozal, Ana

En el inconsciente colectivo de los individuos de una determinada cultura perviven una serie de arquetipos y estereotipos que condicionan su manera de ver y vivir el mundo. Los arquetipos de género han estado especialmente presentes en la cultura occidental condicionando de forma importante el papel de los hombres y las mujeres. La autora de este trabajo propone la toma de conciencia reflexiva sobre estos mitos para recorrer el «difícil camino de salida de sus…



Problems of mouth health in patients Waraos of the population of Nabasanuka, state Delta Amacuro, Venezuela.

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Guirola, Gustavo, Mora, Erika

Mr. Editor: On several occasions, between the end of 2015 and January 2016, in dental operatives, healthcare and free, presented the opportunity to meet with the residents and representatives of the Navasanuka jungle population and surrounding communities, located in the Lower Delta of the Orinoco River, Antonio Díaz municipality, Delta Amacuro State, Venezuela (LN 09 ° 08 '11.9 "and LO 061 ° 03'31.2"), an area no higher than 2 meters…



Strategies for the communication and collaborative online work by university students

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Gutiérrez-Porlán, Isabel, Román-García, Marimar, Sánchez-Vera, Maria-del-Mar

The impact that Information and Communications Technologies have in the way today’s young people communicate and interact is unquestionable. This impact also affects the educational field, which is required to respond to the needs of twenty first century students by training them in acquiring new skills and strategies to deal with a changing and uncertain future. In this study, which involved 2,054 university students from all Spanish Universities, it delved into the knowledge of…



Góngora's Ballad "Cuatro o seis desnudos hombros" in Calderón's Theatre

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Morata, Isabel

Calderón is a great admirer of Góngora's poetry, whose verses he often borrows. This paper focuses on a specific case of this intertextuality, the presence of the ballad «Cuatro o seis desnudos hombros» in three plays. No hay burlas con el amor, Las manos blancas no ofenden and El Faetone. For this purpose, we study what verses are quoted, where we can find them and how ther are amplified in each of the plays.



Teacher-Student Relationship and Facebook-Mediated Communication: Student Perceptions

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Hershkovizt, Arnon, Forkosh-Baruch, Alona

Studentteacher relationships are vital to successful learning and teaching. Today, communication between students and teachers, a major component through which these relationships are facilitated, is taking place via social networking sites (SNS). In this study, we examined the associations between studentteacher relationship and studentteacher Facebookmediated communication. The study included Israeli middle and highschool students, ages 1219 years old (n=667). Studentteacher relationships…



Gramáticas calderonianas: en la intersección del lenguaje y del enredo

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Hildner, David

The present study focuses on a series of Calderonian turns of phrase in which characters, when expounding their dramatic situations, use terms associated with grammar or rhetoric. In some cases they remark on the congruity or incongruity of the theme of their speeches with what others have just said in theirs, using the grammatical-rhetorical notion of «case». Others adapt their narration or their argument to a pattern set by other (friendly or rival) characters, sometimes…



Conciencia crítica y televisión

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Iriarte, Gregorio

El desarrollo de actitudes receptivas y activas ante la televisión es uno de los objetivos básicos que se plantean a nivel universal todos los sistemas educativos que pretenden fomentar la educación de ciudadanos que sepan responder de forma autónoma a los retos de la sociedad actual. El autor de esta colaboración nos presenta en este trabajo algunas estrategias que se llevan a cabo con esta finalidad en este país sudamericano,…



Susana Raffalli a real activist of the nutrition in Venezuela

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Peña, Luis, Hurtado, Luis

Sr Director. Hemos realizado, con interés, un seguimiento de las acciones de la Dra. Susana Raffalli, nutricionista y activista venezolana que ha realizado cuantiosas investigaciones tanto a nivel nacional como internacional, evaluando los riesgos de desnutrición en infantes, adolescentes y adultos en zonas de alto riesgo y pobreza extrema de países como Filipinas, Camboya, Pakistán y Angola, entre otros 1 . La Dra. Raffalli realizó sus…



"Yo, que al teatro del mundo / cómica tragedia fui": Myth, Tragedy, Desengaño and Allegory in Calderón's Eco y Narciso

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Kluge, Sofie

Eco y Narciso demonstrates the paradoxical coexistence of mutually exclusive views of its mythological material: on one hand, in the foreground of the scene, as it were, we have a tragic reading of the myth characterized by te moving representation of subjective feeling and a realist depiction of the protagonists' psychology; on the other hand, employing a trascendental perspective the play launches a symbolic or 'moral' reading of the ancient myth, which renders it yet…



Los ambiguos juegos del acaso en «Peor está que estaba» y «Mejor está que estaba»

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Kroll, Simon

This article tries to explain some of Calderón’s basic comic skills and the tools employed to achieve his dramatic effects, dealing especially with chance. After a short introduction about different chance theories, it explains how polyvalent references, wrong identifications and chance create Calderón’s comic plays. The investigation finishes with a brief mention of the probability calculus in the seventeenth century and concludes that Calderó…



The Representation of Workingwomen in Spanish Television Fiction

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Lacalle, Charo, Gómez, Beatriz

During the sixties and seventies the limited presence of women in the public sphere was reflected in the restricted repertoire of roles played by female characters in television fiction (mainly those of mothers and wives). The strengthening of the feminist movement in the following decades increased and diversified the portrayals of women in the workplace, and further encouraged academic research on the social construction of working women. Despite the relevance of female professionals in…



Socio-cognitive and emotional factors on perpetration of cyberbullying

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Larrañaga, Elisa, Navarro, Raúl, Yubero, Santiago

Research on the characteristics shown by children who cyberbully others is scarce. The objective of this research is to know the variables that predict the involvement of youngsters in cyberbullying perpetration. The current study examined the relation between socio-cognitive and emotional variables and cyberbullying perpetration. It examined the cyberbullies' beliefs about moral disengagement towards cyberbullying. It tested also the social support and emotional reactions to…



Neobarroco audiovisual. Una hermenéutica de «Memorias de apariencias: La vida es sueño» de Raúl Ruiz

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Latorre, Jorge, Pronkevich, Oleksandr

The present article analyses Raúl Ruiz’ movie Memoria de apariencias: La vida es sueño (1986) in relation to Calderón de la Barca’s La vida es sueño, which the chilenean director adapted to his situation of being in exile. Both Works play a central role in the history of audiovisual arts. The Spanish playwright synthesized the poetical, dramatic and scenographic resources in a way that converted theatrical presentations into an…



Rhetorical Aspects of Calderón's Sacramental Play El tesoro escondido

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Lauer, A.

A late calderonian work like the auto sacramental entitled El tesoro escondido (1679) reflects the culminating point of Pedro Calderón de la Barca's rhetorical style. This essay emphasizes the most significant rhetorical strategies used in this auto, stressing in particular the following: accumulation, epithet, etymology, exclamation, interrogation, metaphor, and parallelism. The richness of Calderón's rhetorical devices has yet to be studied in all its…



La comicidad de un enredo: «Con quien vengo, vengo», de Calderón de la Barca

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Niso, Rebeca

Con quien vengo, vengo is one of Calderon’s comedies practically unnoticed by critics. It is an urban love comedy developing in a plot where misunderstandings, identity changes, disguises, and the nocturnal are present. In this article, different resources used by the playwright to create a comedy and its functionality in the thematic thread are reviewed. Furthermore, the role of the gracioso character, his distinctive features and different linguistic resources are analysed. 



Para la cartelera teatral de los Autos Sacramentales de Calderón en el siglo XVIII

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Niso, Rebeca

The presence of Calderonian theatre in the 18th century is verified through the different theatre programmes, especially during the first half of the century, and, particularly, when we talk about autos sacramentales performances. The present article undertakes a detailed and systematic analysis about the sacramental genre in the theatre programmes. It provides information, through different sources, about some of the most important theatres all over the Iberian Peninsula. In this way, this…



Datos de investigación abiertos: visión global de los científicos y casos a considerar

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
López-Borrull, Alexandre

En octubre de 2016, el repositorio de datos Figshare, junto con Digital Science, una empresa tecnológica, publicaron un dossier monográfico sobre datos abiertos: The state of open data. https://figshare.com https://www.digital-science.com



Progress of thematic repositories and megajournals: Perspectives in 2018

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
López-Borrull, Alexandre

The evolution of several thematic repositories that appeared in 2017 is described, as well as some of the future trends related to the issue. Also, the future of megajournals is discussed, with emphasis on its viability, business model, and consolidation strategies.



Technological Skills and New Professional Profiles: Present Challenges for Journalism

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
López-García, Xosé, Rodríguez-Vázquez, Ana-Isabel, Pereira-Fariña, Xosé

The paper aims at understanding the intersections between technology and the professional practices in some of the new trends in journalism that are using the new tools: multimedia journalism, immersive journal-ism and data journalism. The great dilemma facing journalism when training new professionals -especially the youngest- is not anymore the training in new technologies anymore. The main concern lies in taking ad-vantage of their skills to create a new computational model while keeping the…



Defining the Rules of the Game: Calderón and the Virtual Space

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Martín, Francisco

This essay presents the manner in which Calderón involves the spectator in his plays Life is a Dream and, Eco and Narciso, making the spectator live an imaginary reality. These plays are dealing with the use of information and the active interference of the public/players in massive videogames such as Diablo, World of Warcraft, and Second Life, which try to represent some aspect of reality. In spite of the contemporary aspect of the "virtual reality" concept, Calder…



Mitos, estereotipos y arquetipos de la educación en los medios

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Abril, Felicidad

A manera de introducción, Felicidad Loscertales, profesora de la Universidad de Sevilla y coordinadora de este monográfico –dedicado a los estereotipos en los medios de comunicación– nos sitúa el tema en el contexto de la socialización y la educación, incidiendo en la crucial trascendencia que los medios de comunicación tienen en la sociedad actual como espejos y moduladores de la realidad social.…



Estereotipos y valores de los profesores en el cine

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Abril, Felicidad

Si el cine es ante todo un reflejo de la realidad social en la que vivimos, puede entenderse fácilmente su constante recurso a los estereotipos para llegar más a «comunicarse» con su público, ya que éstos permiten el uso de códigos sencillos y accesibles. La autora se sumerge en este trabajo en la identidad profesional de los docentes y sus reflejos en el cine, a través de un análisis de los valores…



Las silvas como medio expresivo en pasajes marítimos de los autos de Calderón de la Barca

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Rebollo, Carlos

The present article attempts to prove that silvas pareadas have an expressive link with maritime passages. The autor studies fi ve autos sacramentales by Pedro Calderón de la Barca. This poetic form has a free structure in terms of extension: it has no limits of strophes. This characteristic makes silvas pareadas suitable for maritime passages. Calderón can include a smaller or higher quantity of heptasyllabic verses according to the case. The autor therefore argues that…



San Tirso de Toledo, Lope de Vega’s Lost Tragedy

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Durán, Abraham

This paper studies the series of fictional circumstances surrounding Lope’s lost tragedy, San Tirso de Toledo (1597), which was specifically commissioned by the town hall of Toledo to show that the city had a new patron saint, as the Jesuit Jerónimo Román de la Higuera wanted. It recounts the clash of opinions that the issue provoked between the town hall and the primate cathedral, as well as how Lope took sides in the matter. The study also provides the likely…



Excessive use of social networks: Psychosocial profile of Spanish adolescents

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Malo-Cerrato, Sara, Martín-Perpiñá, Maria-de-las-Mercedes, Viñas-Poch, Ferran

Understanding the factors that predict excessive use of social networks in adolescence can help prevent problems as addictive behaviours, loneliness or cyberbullying. The main aim was to ascertain the psychological and social profile of adolescents whose use of SNSS is excessive. Participants comprised 1,102 adolescents aged between 11 and 18 from Girona (Spain). Those who made excessive use of social networks were grouped together. Their personality and social profiles were explored, the…



Malnutrition and the food crisis on the hope of life of the Venezuelans

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Motezuma, Jean, Gutiérrez, José

Malnutrition and the food crisis are facts that affect the majority of people living in Venezuela; this situation has been mentioned in this magazine on several occasions through research articles, as a public health problem. On the other hand, the Caritas Organization of Venezuela, estimates that in our country 280,000 children could die from malnutrition. In this sense, the studies reveal that during the year 2017, between five and six children died weekly due to lack of food, and that at…



«El gran teatro del mundo» de Calderón, en las ilustraciones de Andrés Barajas (1986)

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Marigno, Emmanuel

I analyze Andrés Barajas’ illustrations of Calderón’s El gran teatro del mundo, manifesting the philosophical and theological hypertexts with iconographic palimpsests that influenced the prints of Barajas. Parting from the formal and hermeneutic input of Barajas’ work on the play and viceversa, it will be shown that there is an iconographic continuum from the middle ages to the twentieth century.



The idea of grey literature makes no sense in the 2.0 era

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Martínez-Méndez, Francisco-Javier, López-Carreño, Rosana

The rapid progress that ICTs have introduced to our field is not always accompanied by updates of the theoretical bases that sometimes are in danger of becoming obsolete and useless. An example of this problem is the concept of “grey literature”, which remains practically unchanged in the textbooks and study manuals written in Spanish. This has not been the case at an international level, where various international conferences have been organized to update this discipline.…



Mitología de hoy: los medios de comunicación, un reto para los docentes

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Loscertales, Felicidad

Después de analizar el relevante papel que el mito y el arquetipo cumplen en las sociedades primitivas como mecanismos de socialización, la autora nos descubre que en la compleja sociedad moderna, tras los supuestos valores transmisibles por los arquetipos, se esconden a menudo motivaciones políticas y económicas. A partir de este planteamiento, se propone un trabajo en el aula destinado a desenmascarar esos falsos arquetipos que los medios de…



Perceptions and participation in community radio stations in Nariño-Colombia

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Martínez-Roa, Omar-Gerardo, Ortega-Erazo, Elsy-Genith

This work investigates the relationships between community radio and their audiences in the Department of Nariño, Colombia, considering Latin American and European experiences, and participation as a key element for social sustainability. The aim is to investigate whether the participation of citizens in the production, diffusion and radio management has been supported or not. Methodologically, we follow a mixed design that combined the results of two questionnaires: one, applied to…



La relación entre profesores y alumnos tal y como se trata en los medios

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Sánchez, Enrique

El autor propone en este artículo el análisis de los vínculos, a veces enfermizos, que se advierten en los medios de comunicación en las relaciones entre profesores y alumnos. Propone un recorrido por las principales etiquetas que los medios ofrecen de los profesores, de los alumnos y de las relaciones entre ellos, eligiendo prioritariamente el cine, pues es en este medio donde mejor, a su juicio, se aprecian los estereotipos sociales.



Una diosa menor de la violencia en Calderón: Circe en «El mayor encanto, amor»

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
López, María

The character of Circe in El mayor encanto, amor presents, beyond its classical features, a particular conception of violence. An analysis of the phases that punctuate the progression of the play shows the func-tional nature of the violence exerted by the enchantress. This structural quality of the violence could be considered one of the most important aspects of the modernization of the violent female character in which Calderón engages. 



¿Debe morir don Gutierre? Ambigüedad y límites interpretativos de «El médico de su honra» en los montajes de Adolfo Marsillach (1986-1994) y Teatro Corsario (2012)

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Mascarell, Purificació

Amongst the numerous interpretations of El médico de su honra, Adolfo Marsillach’s adaption stands out for respecting the original ambiguity of the work through elements such as minimalism, timelessness, a psychological interpretation, and the inclusion of four anonymous characters as observers of a crime which is described in a cold and neutral way. In 2012, the veteran company Teatro Corsario, with Jesús Peña in charge, on its part, stages the…



Distributed digital contexts and learning: Personal empowerment and social transformation in marginalized populations

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Chib, Arul, Bentley, Caitlin, Wardoyo, Reidinar-Juliane

The role of digital media and learning has often been synonymous with the use of open education resources in formal institutional settings. Further, open and distance learning has been criticized for focusing narrowly on educational objectives, ignoring socio-political issues of access and participation by marginalized populations. This study examines the lived experiences of female migrant domestic workers (N=20) in Singapore attending Open University. Mobile and social media supplement open…



Youth impact on the public sphere in Press and Twitter: The dissolution of the Spanish Youth Council

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Clua, Anna, Ferran-Ferrer, Núria, Terren, Ludovic

This paper aims to contribute to the study of the difficulties that young people face in accessing the public sphere as political actors. It looks at the Press coverage and the Twitter activity surrounding the restructuring process and the subsequent dissolution of the Spanish Youth Council (Consejo de la Juventud de España - CJE). A content analysis was carried out on the news published in 22 newspapers between 2012 and 2014, as well as on the use of Twitter within the framework of…



Health Informatics: Three key themes and the academic-professional context

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Cobarsí-Morales, Josep

In this article we discuss a conceptual approach to Health Informatics. We then review the status, trends, and main challenges in relation to three themes in the development of this field: patient empowerment, equity in health, and data science application to health. We conclude with a brief review of the academic context and professional associations, both in Spain and at the international level.



Funciones externas en las comedias de enredo calderonianas

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Coenen, Erik

This paper offers an, inevitably incomplete, inventory of the techniques employed by Calderón in order to harmonise external and internal textual functions in his comedias de enredo. At the same time, it aims to offer a sketch of a method for detailed analysis of theatre texts in general, which will be shown to be especially adequate for studying comedias de enredo. 



Knowledge of health professionals on interpersonal conflicts and labor harassment

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Colmenárez, Irymairy, Quero, Nayda

Interpersonal relationships are fundamental for the development of society, however, disagreements, needs and particularinterests are the perfect breeding ground to generate conflicts, the problem lies in the course that these conflicts can take.Daza, Pérez and López, (1998) affirm that, workplace harassment does not occur exclusively for causes directly related to theperformance of work or its organization, but rather it has its origin in the interpersonal relationships…



Del razonamiento argumental a la retórica de las imágenes

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
García, Ramón

El autor describe el cambio que se ha producido en la estructura de los mensajes de la publicidad gráfica durante el siglo XX. De unos textos caracterizados por la profusión del lenguaje escrito y en donde la imagen era una mera ilustración, se ha pasado a mensajes publicitarios donde la imagen ocupa una función esencial, un valor de comunicación que ha sustituido el razonamiento argumental por una retórica visual fundamentada b…



El Divino Narciso: A Contrafacta of Eco y Narciso?

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Koloffon, Adriana

Literary works recreated in a religious sense from a profane work are known as «contrafactae». They were developed between the 13th and 16th and even during the 17th century. A contrafactae- writer chooses a profane theme and develops it extensively in order to show an idea related to the Christian tradition. In its most concentrated way of expression, the divinization of profane themes carries out the literary resource of allegory. During the 16th century, many moralized…



The Cognitive Processing of an Educational App with EEG and 'Eye Tracking'

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Cuesta-Cambra, Ubaldo, Niño-González, José-Ignacio, Rodríguez-Terceño, José

The use of apps in education is becoming more frequent. However, the mechanisms of attention and processing of their contents and their consequences in learning have not been sufficiently studied. The objective of this work is to analyze how information is processed and learned and how visual attention takes place. It also investigates the existence of gender differences. The responses to 15 images are analyzed using 'Eye Tracking' and EEG in a sample of 22 young students. The…



The Viceroyalty of Naples in Cervantes’ Novelas ejemplares

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Armas, Frederick

In many of his literary works Cervantes exhibits a desire for Italy, which can be encountered in his dedications and his many references to the art, literature and culture of the peninsula. Cervantes recalls in particular his lengthy stay in Naples, capital of the most important Spanish viceroyalties of the time. This essay studies Cervantes’ desire for Italy through the lenses of the Novelas ejemplares. Here, this impetus seems somewhat ambiguous in that the dedicatory to the Count…



Spies and security: Assessing the impact of animated videos on intelligence services in school children

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Díaz-Fernández, Antonio, del-Real-Castrillo, Cristina

Making the work of security organizations known to school children is a means of mitigating feelings of insecurity provoked by the diffusion of information on terrorist attacks in communications media and through social media. Whilst there is a longer tradition of projects to educate school children on the police and the armed forces, no comparable projects have been found on the intelligence services. With the objective of filling this gap, the authors designed and produced two animated…



Ubiquitous learning ecologies for a critical cybercitizenship

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Díez-Gutiérrez, Enrique, Díaz-Nafría, José-María

The aim of this research is to identify and analyse the ubiquitous learning acquired though blending education settings devoted to the 'lifelong training of trainers' and how these contribute to the development of a conscious, critic and engaged citizenship. Through active exploration of the learning process, the study analyses the 'soft skills” acquired which enhance performance in work and daily life, with the purpose of detecting the process of ubiquitous…



La reinvención de «La dama duende»: de comedia española a película argentina de exiliados

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Domènech, Conxita

This essay examines a classical work of Spain’s Baroque theater, La dama duende (1629) by the dramatist Pedro Calderón de la Barca, and a classical movie of Argentinean cinema, La dama duende (1944) by the director Luis Saslavsky. The play, belonging to the genre of cloak and sword drama, becomes a film painted with the most well-known tapestry cartoons by Francisco de Goya. Likewise, the writers María Teresa León and Rafael Alberti transform this play…



Escenografía para «La hidalga del valle» de Calderón de la Barca: un auto a la sazón

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Matito, Francisco

Calderón de la Barca’s La hidalga del valle is an auto sacramental, or allegorical religious play, written in defense of the mystery of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary. The playwright made two versions of the play, one to be performed in carts (carros) during the Corpus party and another for the stage. The latter, which took place in Granada in 1640, is the fi rst attested performance, within the immaculist celebrations on account of an infamous libel against…



Cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Balza, Amanda, Canache, Beatriz, Hernández, Rafael, Camacho, Carlos, Camacho, Juan

Exposure to cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) during childhood and adolescence may be associated with the development of atherosclerosis in adult life. The objective of the present investigation was to evaluate the cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents, belonging to two diversified education institutions of the Iribarren Municipality, Barquisimeto, Lara State. It was a prospective, descriptive investigation, through which clinical and paraclinical parameters were determined to evaluate…



Valores democráticos y publicidad

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Entrelínies, Colectivo

La inserción en la prensa diaria, en la radio y en la televisión de anuncios publicitarios en más de una ocasión lesionan derechos fundamentales o se centran en valores anticonstitucionales. Como ciudadanos preocupados por el desarrollo integral de las personas, hemos de denunciar tales hechos. El presente artículo es el informe de prensa difundido por este colectivo valenciano en torno a un mensaje publicitario divulgado en los medios de…



Estereotipos en el cómic

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Igado, Manuel, Gracia, María

Los autores de este trabajo recurren al medio del cómic para mostrar ejemplos de estereotipos profesionales, familiares, sociales y nacionales, con el objeto de poner al descubierto cómo en este lenguaje se transmiten también clichés que si bien son tomados del mundo de la calle, aquí son reforzados y van progresivamente interiorizándose. La historieta cómica es, por ello, también, como la televisi&…



eGamers’ influence in brand advertising strategies. A comparative study between Spain and Korea

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Fanjul-Peyró, Carlos, González-Oñate, Cristina, Peña-Hernández, Pedro-Jesús

The eGames business (online video games) in Spain generated more than 1.8 trillion euros in profits in 2016. Advertising is no stranger to the potential of this market, and brands study the best ways of approaching and adapting to the world of eGames. In this report, we analyze which the most effective advertising strategies for brands in the online video game world are. To do this, the players (eGamers) answered a 60 question survey that addressed issues such as playful habits, the viewing of…



Digital natives: Online audiovisual content consumption, creation and dissemination

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Fernández-de-Arroyabe-Olaortua, Ainhoa, Lazkano-Arrillaga, Iñaki, Eguskiza-Sesumaga, Leyre

Teenagers inhabit a virtual universe with their own model of entertainment, learning and communication. This research work defines the consumption, creation and diffusion patterns of online audiovisual contents young students of Guipúzcoa have acquired in the fields of leisure and complementary information resources for school use, attending to three different variables: gender, grade (age) and type of educational institution (public or private). The research methodology focuses on a…



La doble mirada sobre Andalucía

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Trevijano, Juan

Si bien «lo andaluz», allende de nuestras fronteras, define superficialmente el carácter de «lo español», en cambio, en nuestro país, el auténtico proceso de formación cultural de Andalucía y las marcas definitorias de este pueblo siguen siendo una incógnita por descubrir. Bien es verdad que los medios de comunicación han hecho hasta ahora flaco favor por descubrir y…



Generation Z's Teachers and their Digital Skills

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Cruz, Francisco, Díaz, María

The presence of technological resources in schools and the high performance of socalled «Technology Generation» or «Generation Z» students are not enough to develop students' digital competence. The primary key is determined by the technological and pedagogical skills of teachers. In this paper, we intend to analyze the level of ICT skills of teachers in primary and secondary establishing a competency framework adapted to the Spanish educational…



Calderón y la ‘mente cómica’ de su tiempo: el ejemplo de «El astrólogo fingido»

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Folger, Robert

The example of El astrólogo fingido by Calderón de la Barca shows that Anthony Close’s reconstruction of the collective comic mentality of the age of Cervantes is an appropriate frame for understanding the workings of humor in contemporary theater. French philosopher Henri Bergson’s theory of laughter sheds light on other aspects of humor in the theatre. Particularly in the metatheatrical elements of El astrólogo fingido we see that Bergson…



Beasts, Harpies and Medeas: Tudor Representations in Lope and Calderón

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Forteza, Deborah

Sourced in Pedro de Ribadeneira’s Historia eclesiástica del scisma del reyno de Inglaterra (1588, 1593), Lope de Vega’s comedy, El amor desatinado, and Calderón de la Barca’s tragedy, La cisma de Ingalaterra, attenuate the monstrous portrayal of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn that distinguishes their source text. These changes can be attributed primarily to aesthetic choices and generic necessities, fi rst, because Lope echoes Ribadeneira&…



The convergence of the traditional sociomedical and the contemporary biomedical paradigms: is it possible?

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Franco, Remigia

This essay lays out some thoughts regarding the social healing practices that coexist with scientific Medicine in Venezuela, pursuant towhat has been expressed by expert doctors, young specialist doctors and users of the healthcare services in the Socialist Venezuela of the21 st century. The interest of such research focused on interpreting with a critical spirit the meanings of the medical discourse regarding thecharacteristics of scientific and pre-scientific medicine, as well as the users…



IRC 2.0. Social media for information, relationship, and communication in the web 2.0 era

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Fumero-Reverón, Antonio

The rapid pace at which trends, news, tools, technologies, devices, services, etc. come and go in our information society requires of every citizen a certain capacity to internalize the perceived complexity behind the metaphors we are used to hearing from IT professionals, as well as to assess the impact of these changes on everyday life. The article briefly introduces and develops a simplified model that helps in presenting three key phenomena that are relevant enough for understanding the…



Parent’s Influence on Acquiring Critical Internet Skills

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Sánchez-Valle, María, de-Frutos-Torres, Belinda, Vázquez-Barrio, Tamara

The accessibility and easeofuse for children of information and communication technologies lead us to suggest that one of the key questions for their potential empowerment is linked to their analytical use by means of the acquisition of critical skills. The family environment is considered an important factor in digital literacy and the education of critical citizens. The present paper analyzes the mediation role of the parents in their children’s education. It shows a predictive…



La educación para el uso de los medios y su identidad crítica

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Martínez, Mariano

Una enseñanza activa requiere necesariamente la reflexión sobre su sentido y es desde este acto formal del análisis donde surge el espíritu crítico, base de cualquier proceso educador de calidad y eje vertebrador de la enseñanza de los medios de comunicación en la escuela. El autor de esta colaboración parte de esta necesidad de fundamentar el desarrollo del espíritu crítico, ya que…



La mina que revienta en la comedia cómica de Calderón: el caso de «Primero soy yo»

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Jiménez, Antonio

This article analyses how Calderón used the realm of the mine in one of his capa y espada comedies, Primero soy yo (c. 1640-1642), in order to show that it has a double use (metaphorical and theatrical) that Calderón derives from Lope de Vega’s writings. After examining the criticism on the subject, the statistical data about the different meanings of the word mina in Calderón is layed out and the focus put on its military interpretation, in order to…



Tuberculosis in Venezuela, a constant problem

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Gutiérrez, Gerardo, Padilla, Edgar

In accordance with the last editorial of the Venezuelan Public Health Magazine1, we can add that by the year 2018 tuberculosis is emerging as one of the ten (10) main causes of mortality in the world2 presenting a moderate rate of 26.1 in Venezuela. per 100,000 inhabitants. The Delta Amacuro state represents one of the highest caseloads in Venezuela, especially in indigenous populations such as the Warao ethnic group where prevalence has been achieved in children with up to 60% pulmonary…



Los artículos de opinión en la prensa actual

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Delgado, José

La formación de personas de libre pensamiento comienza –como no puede ser de otra manera– en la escuela. Los medios de comunicación de masas llevan, muchas veces, a la manipulación, sobre todo en edades tan conflictivas como las relacionadas con la adolescencia. A continuación se propone un programa de actividades, a partir de un artículo periodístico, aplicables tanto en el último ciclo de la ESO…



Most recent data on malnutrition in Venezuela

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Casavilca, Joanna

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) represent a group of goals that make up a plan agreed by all the countries of the world with the aim of improving the quality of life of millions of people who inhabit our planet. The second of these objectives, which is framed within the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), is "to end hunger, achieve food security and improve nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture" or also known as "HUNGER ZERO." More…



Exploring the influence of the teacher: Social participation on Twitter and academic perception

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Santoveña-Casal, Sonia, Bernal-Bravo, César

Analyzing the influence of social media on the learning process is no longer a novel idea; however, due to its importance for students and consequently for teachers, research continues to explore the pedagogical potential of social media. The main objective of the present study was to analyze the influence of teacher roles (guide or facilitator) on students’ social participation in Twitter and their perceived academic experience. The sample consisted of 525 future teachers, all of the…



Protesting on Twitter: Citizenship and Empowerment from Public Education

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Saura, Geo, Muñoz-Moreno, José-Luis, Luengo-Navas, Julián, Martos-Ortega, José-Manuel

The use of social networks for protest purposes has been an essential element in recent global protests against the economic measures of privatization of public services. Social networks are changing political communication, mobilization and organization of collective protests. Taking into account the relationship between collective protests and new forms of network communication, the aim of this article is to analyze the new forms of citizenship empowerment from the collective protests in…



Participatory design of citizen science experiments

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Senabre, Enric, Ferran-Ferrer, Núria, Perelló, Josep

This article describes and analyzes the collaborative design of a citizen science research project through cocreation. Three groups of secondary school students and a team of scientists conceived three experiments on human behavior and social capital in urban and public spaces. The study goal is to address how interdisciplinary work and attention to social concerns and needs, as well as the collective construction of research questions, can be integrated into scientific research. The 95…



Cyberactivisim in the Process of Political and Social Change in Arab Countries

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Soengas-Pérez, Xosé, Assif, Mohamed

This research analyses the contribution of cyberactivism to the political and social change in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya, as well as the opinion of young Arabs on the present context. Meaningful information has been extracted from regular interviews to 30 undergraduates over a five-year period. These students had already participated in the process boosting the Arab Spring in 2011, and they keep practising cyberactivism ever since. The use of a mixed method research allows for carrying out a…



Wikipedia in higher education: Changes in perceived value through content contribution

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Soler-Adillon, Joan, Pavlovic, Dragana, Freixa, Pere

Wikipedia is a widely used resource by university students, but it is not necessarily regarded as being reliable and trustworthy by them, nor is it seen as a context in which to make content contributions. This paper presents a teaching and research project that consisted in having students edit or create Wikipedia articles and testing whether or not this experience changed their perceived value of the platform. We conducted our experience at Universitat Pompeu Fabra (Barcelona, Spain) and…



Violence against Brazilian women in public and mediatic spheres

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Souza-Leal, Bruno, de-Carvalho, Carlos-Alberto, Antunes, Elton

This article explores the capacity of the media to incorporate controversies in circulation in the public sphere. For that, it is based on the analysis of a set of 607 news stories about violence against women in context of gender relations and proximity collected in nine Brazilian media during the years of 2013 and 2014. Recognized as one of the countries with the highest rates of violence against women, in recent decades Brazil has passed laws aimed at protecting victims and aggravating the…



Assessing the ethical and content quality of online parenting resources

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Suárez-Perdomo, Arminda, Byrne, Sonia, Rodrigo, Maria-José

The quality of the online resources for parents offering access to open knowledge has hardly received attention despite their increasing number. This paper provides a framework to examine the ethical and content quality of parenting resources. The ethical criteria were based on “the Health on the Net” (HON) framework whereas the content criteria were based on the Positive Parenting framework and the effectiveness of the learning materials used. The criteria were applied to a…



Towards a Theory of Virtual Reality in Calderón

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Suárez, Juan

The present work makes use the theory of virtual reality in order to analyze and classify the work of Calderón within a concept that defines culture merely as entertainment. This concept regards virtual reality as being in opposition to the concrete, not in opposition to reality. It describes baroque culture as a period of creative experiments on virtual reality within Spanish literature that go beyond a representational function. The origins of this culture are explained by…



Formación y profesión

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
ThinkEPI, -

 Algunos temas tratados en esta sección: Estudios de Biblioteconomía y Documentación, Hábitos de lectura



The Power of Darkness: the Devil and his Troops in Baroque Festivals

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Torres, Gabriela

This paper examines the images of Devil in the baroque festivals. The Devil is a familiar figure in these festivals and shows strong inclination to assume comic, ridiculous and grotesque forms, becoming target of popular mockery, perhaps with the aim of provide a remedy against the terrifying vision that appears at other occasions and genres.



Nursing UCLA, 40 Promotions of efforts and illusions

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Valles, Luis

The history of Nursing in the state of Lara, Venezuela, begins at the Hospital "La Caridad", created in 1918 (now the Museum of Barquisimeto), where the Sisters of Charity (Sisters of St. Joseph of Tarbes) arrived from France. which were requested by Dr. Luis Razetti, to become the First Nurses of Lara State, it would take many decades for the Nursing Program in the Deanship of Medicine to be created due to the importance in the promotion of health in the region. of the…



Writing in parasitology and plagiarism

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Traviezo, Luis

Sr. Director, leyendo con detenimiento un interesante artículopresentado en la Revista Evidencias en Odontología Clínica 1que trataba sobre “Manifestaciones clínicas bucales enpacientes con amebiasis y giardiasis en Espinar, Cusco” 1 ; seapreció el manejo errado de la terminología parasitológica y deotros elementos de forma y fondo que son importantes aclarar,especialmente para la mejor comprensi…



Using Twitter in Higher Education in Spain and the USA

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Tur, Gemma, Marín-Juarros, Victoria, Carpenter, Jeffrey

This article examines student and teachers’ use and perceptions of Twitter, based on a mixed-method comparative approach. Participants (N=153) were education majors who used Twitter as a part of required coursework in their programs at two universities in Spain and the United States. The theoretical background covers research on international work carried out on Twitter as well as a brief overview of the introduction of technology in two educational national systems. Quantitative data…



The Use of Social Media and Popular Culture to Advance Cross-Cultural Understanding

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Tuzel, Sait, Hobbs, Renee

Although we live in a global society, educators face many challenges in finding meaningful ways to connect students to people of other cultures. This paper offers a case study of a collaboration between teachers in the US and Turkey, where 7th grade students interacted with each other via online social media as a means to promote cultural understanding. In a close analysis of a single learning activity, we found that children had opportunities to share ideas informally through social media,…



Self-determination of the information user in times of social access to digital contents

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Urbano, Cristóbal

A reflection on the need to enhance the self-determination of the information user in relation to assisted and social information discovery systems, which often offer decontextualized information feeds. User-conscious planning and decision making in relation to the search for and use of information is the result of learning and experience, an essential input to a person’s intellectual growth. The art of asking good questions, together with the ability to discriminate the form, origin…



La justicia conmutativa en Calderón y su solución al adulterio: uxoricidio o indulto

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Pozueco, Catarina

Calderón deals with uxoricide following adultery in several of his works, providing different solutions according to the dramatic genre: human, commutative justice for secular plays; divine, merciful justice for religious plays (autos). On the other hand, contemporary laws al-lowed uxoricide in the case of women’s adultery, whereby the husband became judge, prosecutor and defence lawyer. The honour code went against the sense of justice itself, by punishing through…



Avances en la formulación de membranas

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Valdés, J.

Avances en el análisis mediante elementos finitos de membranas curvas con ''wrinkling''  sujetas a grandes desplazamientos son presentados. Este reporte trata el estudio de membranas  por el método de los elementos finitos mediante un análisis con no linealidad geométrica para materiales hiperelásticos. Una formulación sencilla en términos del tensor gradiente de…



The fire in snow prisons: concerning the secret of love in Calderonian comedia

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
López, Alicia

The main objective of this article is to find a pattern that explains the extraordinary profitability of the allusions to the decir sin decir, related to the hiding and revelation of the secret of love, one of the most recurrent themes in the Calderonian universe. For this, we will analyze fragments extracted from nine comedias of various genres and stages, which therefore can be considered a representative sample of the Calderonian modus scribendi.



Negro sobre blanco: inmigrantes, estereotipos y medios de comunicación

Repositorio: Scipedia Open Access
Aguado, Octavio

En el texto se reflexiona acerca del papel que los medios juegan en la definición de la imagen social que la inmigración tiene en la población española, tratándose de poner de manifiesto cómo construyen la realidad social y las repercusiones que tal constructo tiene en la interacción de los individuos. El autor incide en la importancia de las mediaciones como interposición entre la realidad misma y quienes…