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Hydration habits before, during and after training and competition days among amateur basketball players

  • Bibiloni, Maria del Mar
  • Vidal García, Eulàlia
  • Carrasco Marginet, Marta
  • Julibert, Alicia
  • Pons, Antoni
  • Tur Marí, Josep A. (Josep Antoni)
Background: fluid intake before, during and after exercise is the most important way to replace water lost during exercise and avoid dehydration.Aim: to assess fluid intake habits before, during and after exercise in amateur basketball players on both training and competition days.Methods: one hundred and eighty-three amateur basketball players (87 women and 96 men, 19-29 years old) were interviewed. Data was obtained from a drinking habits questionnaire.Results: overall, 20.8%, 5.5% and 2.7% of subjects did not drink before, during and after exercise on training days, respectively; 17.5% of subjects did not drink before exercise on competition days. Water was the preferred beverage before, during and after exercise on both training and competition days, with fruit juice being the second most consumed beverage before exercise. All subjects also drank fizzy drinks and other beverages during exercise on competition days. According to the recommendations, good hydration habits were found in 54.6%, 74.2% and 76.5% of subjects before, during and after training days, respectively.Conclusions: most amateur basketball players drink before, during and after exercise on both training and competition days, but not all of them complied with the hydration recommendations.
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Exploring the sensory screening experiences of nurses working in long-term care homes with residents who have dementia: a qualitative study

  • Höbler, Fiona
  • Argueta-Warden, Xochil
  • Rodríguez Monforte, Miriam
  • Escrig Pinol, Astrid
  • Wittich, Walter
  • McGilton, Katherine S.
Background: The prevalence of vision and hearing loss is higher amongst older individuals with dementia, as well as higher in long-term care settings than in the wider community. However, the incidence of sensory impairment is underreported and often goes untreated. In this study, we aimed to understand nurses’ current experiences of screening and caring for long-term care residents who have dementia and sensory impairment. Methods: As part of a larger study on the sensory screening of long-term care residents with dementia, an environmental scan was conducted with front-line healthcare providers. We report here on the findings from the content analysis of individual, semi-structured interviews with nurses working in two long-term care homes in Southern Ontario, Canada. Twenty regulated nurses, including designated resident assessment coordinators, working full- or part-time with individuals who have dementia, participated across the two sites. All interviews were transcribed, and their contents reviewed and coded for themes by means of inductive thematic analysis. Results: Following a systematic and recursive approach, three analysts identified several themes relating to: 1) the sensory screening process, 2) communication strategies, and 3) quality of life, sensory loss, and dementia. Participants reported on the strengths and limitations of screening procedures, what improvements should be made, which informal strategies are effective, and the continued professional development that is needed. Conclusions: Nurses demonstrated insight into the facilitators and barriers to effective screening and care of residents with dementia and sensory impairments, and expressed the need for further education, more suitable screening tools, and formalised accountability within the screening process for vision and hearing loss in these long-term care residents.
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Influence of social determinants, lifestyle, emotional well-being and the use of unconventional therapies in breast cancer progression in a cohort of women in Barcelona: protocol for the DAMA cohort

  • Puigpinós i Riera, Rosa
  • Continente Garcia, Xavier, 1980-
  • Serral Cano, Gemma, 1973-
  • Bargalló Castelló, Xavier
  • Doménech, Montserrat
  • Espinosa-Bravo, Martín
  • Grau, Jaume
  • Macià, Francesc
  • Manzanera i López, Rafael
  • Pla i Consuegra, Margarida
  • Quintana Ruiz, M. Jesús
  • Sala i Serra, Maria
  • Vidal García, Eulàlia
Background: Breast cancer continues to be the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women. Breast cancer survivors face numerous problems, especially after completing the first year of intense treatment. We present the protocol for an ongoing study to analyze the impact of a series of factors on breast cancer survival related to lifestyle, emotional well-being, and use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Objective: We aim to analyze the influence of social determinants, lifestyle changes, emotional well-being, and use of CAM in the progression of breast cancer in women diagnosed with breast cancer between 2003 and 2013 in Barcelona, Spain. Methods: We will perform a mixed cohort study (prospective and retrospective) of women diagnosed with breast cancer, created using a convenience sample in which we study the evolution of the disease (relapse, death, or remaining disease-free). Once identified, we sent the women information about the study and an informed consent form that they are required to sign in order to participate; a total of 2235 women were recruited. We obtained the following information from all participants: sociodemographic profile via a phone interview, and a self-administered survey of information about the study’s objectives (lifestyles, emotional well-being, health care services, and the use of CAM). Lastly, we examined clinical records to obtain data on the tumor at the time of diagnosis, the treatment received, the occurrence of relapses (if any), and the tumor typology. We present data on the women’s social profile based on descriptive data obtained from the telephone interview (welcome survey). Results: Based on the welcome survey, which was completed by 2712 women, 14.42% (391/2712) of respondents were <50 years of age, 45.50% (1234/2712) were between 50 and 65 years of age, and 40.08% (1087/2712) were >65 years of age. A total of 43.69% (1185/2712) belonged to the highest social classes (I and II), 31.27% (848/2712) to the middle class (III), and 23.49% (637/2712) to the working classes (IV and V). Approximately 22.71% (616/2712) lived alone, 38.31% (1039/2712) lived with one person, and 38.97% (1057/2712) lived with two or more people. Conclusions: We obtained information from a large cohort of women, but this study has limitations related to the convenience sampling strategy, one of which is reduced representativeness. Conversely, being a self-administered survey, the study introduces biases, especially from respondents that answered on paper. However, the information that the study provides will serve as the basis for designing future interventions aimed at improving the knowledge gaps indicated for women with breast cancer.
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Conflictos éticos en la atención de enfermería en el contexto penitenciario

  • González Gálvez, Pilar
  • Sánchez-Roig, M.
  • Coll Cámara, Antonia
  • Canet Vélez, Olga
  • Roca Llobet, Judith
Objetivo: El objetivo general del estudio es reunir la evidencia correspondiente a los conflictos éticos que pueden afectar al cuidado y al rol de las enfermeras penitenciarias. Métodos: La metodología utilizada ha consistido en una revisión sistemática de análisis narrativo de las principales bases de datos mediante una estrategia de búsqueda aplicada y el programa de habilidades en lectura crítica español (CASPe, critical appraisal skills programme español). Resultados: Se identificaron un total de 167 estudios publicados entre 1998 y 2017, de los cuales 60 cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Conclusiones: Como conclusión principal destaca la necesidad de investigación en los problemas éticos relacionados con los tratamientos de los presos y sobre la búsqueda de beneficios de los reclusos. De manera adicional, se observa la necesidad de una formación ética de los profesionales penitenciarios, la identificación de las necesidades reales de salud de la población reclusa o la colaboración entre la asistencia penitenciaria y el sistema sanitario.
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Mètode Nummerus

El Mètode Nummerus és un recull d’eines per a l’adquisició i la millora del processament numèric i el càlcul. Es tracta d’una intervenció de doble enfoc: en primer lloc, com a eina d'aprenentatge dels conceptes bàsics de matemàtiques, per P5, 1r i 2n d'educació primària (EP), per a tots els nens i nenes de l'aula. Permet treblalar individualment, en petits grups, o amb tota l'aula conjuntament. Per altra banda, nummerus també pot ser utilitzat com a eina de reeducació, per a tots aquells nens/es de P5 a 3r d'EP que tenen dificultats amb el processament numèric i el càlcul.
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di-test: Bateria digital de evaluación cognitiva para la infancia

"di-test" és un recull de tests per l'avaluació cognitiva de les funcions bàsiques en els aprenentatges: atenció sostinguda, memòria de treball, processos lectors i processament numèric i càlcul. Cadascun dels tests està baremat per a tota l'educació primària, des de 1r a 6è, amb una mostra representativa de la població catalana (1200 nens/es). Els tests es presenten en format digital, i ofereixen una cribatge universal, ràpid i fiable de cadascuna d'aquestes mesures. Els tests proporcionen informes automàtics després de la passació, i la plataforma permet fer comparacions intra subjecte, per avaluar l'evolució associada a les intervencions. També permet fer comparacions entre línies d'una mateixa escola, o bé seguir el perfil cognitiu d'un nen al llarg de l'educació primària.
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Virtual Model of the Internal Carotid Artery Classifications

Interactive model developed from 3D reconstructions of human magnetic resonance (MR) images
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Visualització interactiva xarxes de col·laboració de recerca

Xarxes GREC és un conjunt d’aplicacions en backend i frontend que permet compendre la col·laboració científica de la institució en la qual és implementada. Amb aquest component podrem generar xarxes de col·laboració científica i publicar-les en el format que considerem més adient. Cal tenir clar que tots els components presentats en aquesta guia estan desenvolupats per ser utilitzats en el marc del sistema de gestió de la recerca GREC A Xarxes GREC podrem representar la coautoria en facultats i departaments, en les quals xarxes els nodes poden ser (depenen de la modalitat) investigadors, departaments, facultats o grups de recerca. Xarxes GREC consta d’una part backend i una frontend. En la part backend podrem generar el conjunt d’arxius necessaris per representar, en diversos nivells, les xarxes de col·laboració científica de la institució en que vulguem instal·lar el component. Un cops generats aquests arxius, serà a través de la part frontend que podrem visualitzar-les, en les plataformes seguents, • Aplicació web publica: Portal web sense autentificació que ens permetrà seleccionar a travès d’un menú la xarxa que volem visualitzar. • Aplicació amb autenticació: Mateix portal web que en el cas de la plataforma publica, però en aquest cas dotat d’un sistema d’autenticació PHP que ens permetrà administrar un conjunt d’usuaris. • Component incrustat: Component en miniatura que ens permetrà veure una previsualització d’una xarxa donada. Aquest està dotat d’un botó que ens permetrà accedir al visor de la mateixa xarxa a pantalla completa i de forma interactiva
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Virtual Endoscopic Approach to Anterior Communicating Complex

Interactive model developed from 3D reconstructions of human magnetic resonance (MR) images
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Relations between “regulation” and “law” in tax matter

Constitutional data is today, that the statutory authority recae in the Government of the Nation. This is not but the denouement of a longevous and complex historical evolution, whose common denominator in the time, common, likewise, in the distinct spaces, has been a fight fraticida between two estamentos social by the agglutination of the normative power. “De facto”, the conflict between the Assembly of remarkable and the King to exert the authority to dictate general norms, brings cause of the Low Half Age , but, the statutory authority of the planned Administration in the juridical legislations of our days finds his origin in the confrontation produced between two main institutions: the Parliament and the Crown, during the 16th century in England and won the 18th century in France.
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