Publicación Artículo científico (article).

Predicting 30-Day Readmission Risk for Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Through a Federated Machine Learning Architecture on Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable (FAIR) Data: Development and Validation Study

Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/307203
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
  • Álvarez-Romero, Celia
  • Martínez-García, Alicia
  • Ternero Vega, Jara Eloísa
  • Díaz-Jiménez, Pablo
  • Jiménez-Juan, Carlos
  • Nieto-Martín, María Dolores
  • Román-Villarán, Esther
  • Kovacevic, Tomi
  • Bokan, Darijo
  • Hromis, Sanja
  • Djekic Malbasa, Jelena
  • Beslać, Suzana
  • Zaric, Bojan
  • Gencturk, Mert
  • Sinaci, A. Anil
  • Ollero Baturone, Manuel
  • Parra-Calderón, Carlos Luis
[Background] Owing to the nature of health data, their sharing and reuse for research are limited by legal, technical, and ethical implications. In this sense, to address that challenge and facilitate and promote the discovery of scientific knowledge, the Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable (FAIR) principles help organizations to share research data in a secure, appropriate, and useful way for other researchers., [Objective] The objective of this study was the FAIRification of existing health research data sets and applying a federated machine learning architecture on top of the FAIRified data sets of different health research performing organizations. The entire FAIR4Health solution was validated through the assessment of a federated model for real-time prediction of 30-day readmission risk in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)., [Methods] The application of the FAIR principles on health research data sets in 3 different health care settings enabled a retrospective multicenter study for the development of specific federated machine learning models for the early prediction of 30-day readmission risk in patients with COPD. This predictive model was generated upon the FAIR4Health platform. Finally, an observational prospective study with 30 days follow-up was conducted in 2 health care centers from different countries. The same inclusion and exclusion criteria were used in both retrospective and prospective studies., [Results] Clinical validation was demonstrated through the implementation of federated machine learning models on top of the FAIRified data sets from different health research performing organizations. The federated model for predicting the 30-day hospital readmission risk was trained using retrospective data from 4.944 patients with COPD. The assessment of the predictive model was performed using the data of 100 recruited (22 from Spain and 78 from Serbia) out of 2070 observed (records viewed) patients during the observational prospective study, which was executed from April 2021 to September 2021. Significant accuracy (0.98) and precision (0.25) of the predictive model generated upon the FAIR4Health platform were observed. Therefore, the generated prediction of 30-day readmission risk was confirmed in 87% (87/100) of cases., [Conclusions] Implementing a FAIR data policy in health research performing organizations to facilitate data sharing and reuse is relevant and needed, following the discovery, access, integration, and analysis of health research data. The FAIR4Health project proposes a technological solution in the health domain to facilitate alignment with the FAIR principles., This work was supported by the FAIR4Health project [10], which received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant 824666. This research has also been cosupported by the Carlos III National Institute of Health through the Programa de Ciencia de Datos de la Infraestructura de Medicina de Precisión asociada a la Ciencia y la Tecnología program (IMPaCT-Data, code IMP/00019) and through the Platform for Dynamization and Innovation of the Spanish National Health System industrial capacities and their effective transfer to the productive sector (code PT20/00088), both cofunded by the European Regional Development Fund Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional “A way of making Europe.”, Peer reviewed
 

DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/307203, https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/85133535592
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/307203

HANDLE: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/307203, https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/85133535592
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/307203
 
Ver en: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/307203, https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/85133535592
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
oai:digital.csic.es:10261/307203

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