Publicación Artículo científico (article).

Dendroecology in common gardens: Population differentiation and plasticity in resistance, recovery and resilience to extreme drought events in Pinus pinaster

Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
  • Zas Arregui, Rafael
  • Sampedro Pérez, Luis
  • Solla, A.
  • Vivas, María
  • Lombardero, María J.
  • Alía Miranda, Ricardo
  • Rozas Ortiz, Vicente Fernando
11 Pág., Quantifying intraspecific genetic variation and phenotypic plasticity of traits involved in drought tolerance is essential to forecast forest tree vulnerability to climate change. Tree ring analysis was applied to retrospectively assess the resistance, recovery and resilience of a Mediterranean pine in the face of extreme climate episodes. We combined a dendrochronological approach with the analysis of common-garden tests to disentangle genetic, environment and genetic-by-environment effects in growth responses of 10 P. pinaster populations to two extreme climatic events. Trees were 43 years old and had experienced two intense droughts, in 1995 and 2005. Drought events caused drastic reductions in secondary growth, but trees showed high capacity to recover pre-drought growth rates. The differences in the characteristics of the two drought events and the environmental distance between sites strongly modulated maritime pine responses to extreme droughts. However, a common among-population signal across sites and events was detected in the drought response strategy. Among-population variation in response to extreme droughts was evident for the resistance and recovery components, two strategies that appeared to trade-off between each other. Populations from Atlantic climates showed higher resistance but lower recovery capacity, whereas Mediterranean origins prioritised recovery over resistance. Mediterranean populations showed a more conservative strategy that indicated an adaptive advantage under water stress, reflected in greater long-term survival. The abovementioned relationships were clear in the site where the impact of the drought events was strongest, but not in the more favourable site. Differences in relationships between sites reflect that strategies of populations to cope with drought are strongly context dependent. Based on these results, we infer that future extreme droughts will differentially affect P. pinaster populations across the natural range of the species. Immediate effects will be more evident in Mediterranean areas but, in the long term, population persistence in the face of climate change will be more compromised for Atlantic origins. Because local environmental conditions can considerably modulate responses to extreme events, special attention is required to define appropriate management practices to mitigate the impact of future droughts., This research was funded by Spanish Government (MINECO/FEDER) grants FENOPIN (AGL2012-40151-C03-01) and FUTURPIN (AGL2015-68274-C03-02-R) and Xunta de Galicia-GAIN grant (IN607A2016/013). Language edition was funded by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF, 'A way to achieve Europe') and the Government of Extremadura (Ref. GR18193). M. Vivas was supported by a “Juan de la Cierva program” funded by the Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness of the Spanish Government. The authors thank José Climent (INIA-CIFOR, Madrid, Spain) for providing basic information and data from the provenance trials, Jane McGrath for English edition of the manuscript, and Carla Vázquez for her help in climate data processing and figure editing. The staff of Cabañeros National Park is acknowledged for their logistic assistance in field work. César Cendán (MBG-CSIC) and David Castañe (USC) also helped in field work., Peer reviewed

Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC

Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
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Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC