ANALISIS Y MODELADO DE LA GENERACION Y TRANSITO DE AGUA, SEDIMENTOS Y SOLUTOS EN TERRENOS DE CULTIVO PARA UNA ACTIVIDAD AGRARIA PRODUCTIVA Y SOSTENIBLE

CGL2015-64284-C2-1-R

Nombre agencia financiadora Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad
Acrónimo agencia financiadora MINECO
Programa Programa Estatal de I+D+I Orientada a los Retos de la Sociedad
Subprograma Todos los retos
Convocatoria Proyectos de I+D+I dentro del Programa Estatal Retos de la Sociedad (2015)
Año convocatoria 2015
Unidad de gestión Dirección General de Investigación Científica y Técnica
Centro beneficiario UNIVERSIDAD PÚBLICA DE NAVARRA (UPNA)
Centro realización DEPARTAMENTO PROYECTOS E INGENIERÍA RURAL
Identificador persistente http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100003329

Publicaciones

Found(s) 6 result(s)
Found(s) 1 page(s)

Hydrological signatures based on event runoff coefficients in rural catchments of the iberian peninsula

Zaguán. Repositorio Digital de la Universidad de Zaragoza
  • Taguas, E.V.
  • Nadal-Romero, E.
  • Ayuso, J.L.
  • Casalí, J.
  • Cid, P.
  • Dafonte, J.
  • Canatário-Duarte, A.
  • Ferreira, C.S.S.
  • Giménez, R.
  • Giráldez, J.V.
  • Gómez-Macpherson, H.
  • Gómez, J.A.
  • González-Hidalgo, J.C.
  • Lana-Renault, N.
  • Lucía, A.
  • Mateos, L.
  • Pérez, R.
  • Rodríguez-Blanco, M.L.
  • Schnabel, S.
  • Serrano-Muela, M.P.
  • Taboada-Castro, M.M.
  • Taboada-Castro, M.T.
  • Zabaleta, A.
Hydrological signatures are indices that help to describe the behavior of catchments. These indices can also be used to transfer information from gauged to ungauged catchments. In this study, different approaches were evaluated to determine volumetric runoff coefficients in 18 small/ medium experimental gauged catchments of the Iberian Peninsula and to fit runoff calculations based on precipitation data for gauged and ungauged catchments. Using data derived from 1962 events, rainfall-runoff relationships were characterized and compared in order to evaluate the various hydrological response patterns. Volumetric run off coefficients and cumulative runoff and precipitation ratios of the events that generated runoff (Rcum) minimized the root mean square error. A linear fit for the estimation of Rcum in ungauged catchments was based on mean annual precipitation, rates of infiltration, the fraction of forest-land use, and the catchment channel length. Despite high catchment heterogeneity, Rcum resulted in a suitable parameter to evaluate hydrological variability in rural gauged and ungauged catchments. In 50% of the catchments, the precipitation accounted for less than 50% of the runoff variation. Annual precipitation, antecedent rainfall, and base flow did not have a high significance in rainfall-runoff relationships, which illustrates the heterogeneity of hydrological responses. Our results highlight the need for signature characterizations of small/medium rural catchments because they are the sources of runoff and sediment discharge into rivers, and it is more economical and efficient to take action to mitigate runoff in rural locations.




Relationship of weather types on the seasonal and spatial variability of rainfall, runoff, and sediment yield in the western Mediterranean basin

Zaguán. Repositorio Digital de la Universidad de Zaragoza
  • Peña-Angulo, D.
  • Nadal-Romero, E.
  • González-Hidalgo, J.C.
  • Albaladejo, J.
  • Andreu, V.
  • Barhi, H.
  • Bernal, S.
  • Biddoccu, M.
  • Bienes, R.
  • Campo, J.
  • Campo-Bescós, M.A.
  • Canatário-Duarte, A.
  • Cantón, Y.
  • Casali, J.
  • Castillo, V.
  • Cavallo, E.
  • Cerdà, A.
  • Cid, P.
  • Cortesi, N.
  • Desir, G.
  • Díaz-Pereira, E.
  • Espigares, T.
  • Estrany, J.
  • Farguell, J.
  • Fernández-Raga, M.
  • Ferreira, C.S.
  • Ferro, V.
  • Gallart, F.
  • Giménez, R.
  • Gimeno, E.
  • Gómez, J.A.
  • Gómez-Gutiérrez, A.
  • Gómez-Macpherson, H.
  • González-Pelayo, O.
  • Kairis, O.
  • Karatzas, G.P.
  • Keesstra, S.
  • Klotz, S.
  • Kosmas, C.
  • Lana-Renault, N.
  • Lasanta, T.
  • Latron, J.
  • Lázaro, R.
  • Bissonnais, Y.L.
  • Bouteiller, C.L.
  • Licciardello, F.
  • López-Tarazón, J.A.
  • Lucía, A.
  • Marín-Moreno, V.M.
  • Marín, C.
  • Marqués, M.J.
  • Martínez-Fernández, J.
  • Martínez-Mena, M.
  • Mateos, L.
  • Mathys, N.
  • Merino-Martín, L.
  • Moreno-de las Heras, M.
  • Moustakas, N.
  • Nicolau, J.M.
  • Pampalone, V.
  • Raclot, D.
  • Rodríguez-Blanco, M.L.
  • Rodrigo-Comino, J.
  • Romero-Díaz, A.
  • Ruiz-Sinoga, J.D.
  • Rubio, J.L.
  • Schnabel, S.
  • Senciales-González, J.M.
  • Solé-Benet, A.
  • Taguas, E.V.
  • Taboada-Castro, M.T.
  • Taboada-Castro, M.M.
  • Todisco, F.
  • Úbeda, X.
  • Varouchakis, E.A.
  • Wittenberg, L.
  • Zabaleta, A.
  • Zorn, M.
Rainfall is the key factor to understand soil erosion processes, mechanisms, and rates. Most research was conducted to determine rainfall characteristics and their relationship with soil erosion (erosivity) but there is little information about how atmospheric patterns control soil losses, and this is important to enable sustainable environmental planning and risk prevention. We investigated the temporal and spatial variability of the relationships of rainfall, runoff, and sediment yield with atmospheric patterns (weather types, WTs) in the western Mediterranean basin. For this purpose, we analyzed a large database of rainfall events collected between 1985 and 2015 in 46 experimental plots and catchments with the aim to: (i) evaluate seasonal differences in the contribution of rainfall, runoff, and sediment yield produced by the WTs; and (ii) to analyze the seasonal efficiency of the different WTs (relation frequency and magnitude) related to rainfall, runoff, and sediment yield. The results indicate two different temporal patterns: the first weather type exhibits (during the cold period: autumn and winter) westerly flows that produce the highest rainfall, runoff, and sediment yield values throughout the territory; the second weather type exhibits easterly flows that predominate during the warm period (spring and summer) and it is located on the Mediterranean coast of the Iberian Peninsula. However, the cyclonic situations present high frequency throughout the whole year with a large influence extended around the western Mediterranean basin. Contrary, the anticyclonic situations, despite of its high frequency, do not contribute significantly to the total rainfall, runoff, and sediment (showing the lowest efficiency) because of atmospheric stability that currently characterize this atmospheric pattern. Our approach helps to better understand the relationship of WTs on the seasonal and spatial variability of rainfall, runoff and sediment yield with a regional scale based on the large dataset and number of soil erosion experimental stations.




Evolution and assessment of a nitrate vulnerable zone over 20 years: Gallocanta groundwater body (Spain)

Zaguán. Repositorio Digital de la Universidad de Zaragoza
  • Orellana-Macías, J.M.
  • Merchán, D.
  • Causapé, J.
Nitrate pollution from agricultural sources is one of the biggest issues facing groundwater management in the European Union (EU). During the last three decades, tens of nitrate vulnerable zones (NVZ) have been designated across the EU, aiming to make the problem more manageable. The Gallocanta Groundwater Body in NE Spain was declared as an NVZ in 1997, and after more than 20 years, significant improvements in water quality were expected to be observed. In the present study, the spatiotemporal trend of nitrate concentration within the Gallocanta NVZ in the last 38 years was assessed, and the effectiveness of the NVZ implementation was tested. Data from the official Ebro Basin Confederation monitoring network from 1980 to 2018 were used, and the results showed an increasing but fluctuating trend in nitrate concentration since 1980. Although a slight improvement was detected after the NVZ designation in 1997, the low rate of improvement would take decades to reach desirable levels in most of the area. The lack of update and control of action programmes, the inappropriate NVZ delimitation, and the influence of natural factors seem to be the reasons for the failure of the nitrate reduction measures. Currently, nitrate pollution and groundwater management are a matter of concern for the EU, so given the recurring problems in water supply in the area and the nonfulfillment of the goal of good quality status, more demanding measures are needed to be implemented in the short term.




Effects of innovative long-term soil and crop management on topsoil properties of a mediterranean soil based on detailed water retention curves

Academica-e. Repositorio Institucional de la Universidad Pública de Navarra
  • Aldaz Lusarreta, Alaitz
  • Giménez Díaz, Rafael
  • 0000-0002-0435-3765
  • Arregui Odériz, Luis Miguel
  • Virto Quecedo, Íñigo
The effectiveness of conservation agriculture (CA) and other soil management strategies implying a
reduction of tillage has been shown to be site-dependent (crop, clime and soil), and thus any new soil and crop
management should be rigorously evaluated before its implementation. Moreover, farmers are normally reluctant
to abandon conventional practices if this means putting their production at risk. This study evaluates an innovative
soil and crop management (including no-tillage, cover crops and organic amendments) as an alternative to
conventional management for rainfed cereal cropping in a calcareous soil in a semi-arid Mediterranean climatic
zone of Navarra (Spain), based on the analysis of soil water retention curves (SWRCs) and soil structure. The
study was carried out in a small agricultural area in the municipality of Garínoain (Navarre, Spain) devoted to
rainfed cereal cropping. No other agricultural area in the whole region of Navarre exists where soil and crop
management as proposed herein is practiced. Climate is temperate Mediterranean, and the dominant soil is Fluventic
Haploxerept. Within the study area there is a subarea devoted to the proposed soil and crop management
(OPM treatment), while there is another subarea where the soil and crop management is conventional in the zone
(CM treatment). OPM includes no-tillage (18 years continuous) after conventional tillage, crop rotation, use of
cover crops and occasional application of organic amendments. CM involves continuous conventional tillage
(chisel plow), mineral fertilization, no cover crops and a lower diversity of crops in the rotation. Undisturbed
soil samples from the topsoil and disturbed samples from the tilled layer were collected for both systems. The
undisturbed samples were used to obtain the detailed SWRCs in the low suction range using a HYPROP©device.
From the SWRCs, different approaches found in the literature to evaluate soil physical quality were calculated.
The pore-size distribution was also estimated from the SWRCs. Disturbed samples were used in the laboratory
to assess soil structure by means of an aggregate-size fractionation and to perform complementary analysis from
which other indicators related to soil functioning and agricultural sustainability were obtained. The approaches
evaluated did not show clear differences between treatments. However, the differences in soil quality between
the two forms of management were better observed in the pore size distributions and by the analysis of the size
distribution and stability of soil aggregates. There was an overabundance of macropores under CM, while the
amount of mesopores (available water) and micropores were similar in both treatments. Likewise, more stable macroaggregates were observed in OPM than in CM, as well as more organic C storage, greater microbial activity, and biomass. The proposed management system is providing good results regarding soil physical quality and
contributing also to the enhancement of biodiversity, as well as to the improvement in water-use efficiency. Finally, our findings suggest that the adoption of the proposed practice would not result in a loss in yields compared
to conventional management., This study was partially supported by the Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (Government of Spain) via research project CGL2015-64284-C2-1-R and PID2020-112908RB-I00 funded by 568 MCIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033/FEDER “Una manera de hacer Europa”.




Hydrological Signatures Based on Event Runoff Coefficients in Rural Catchments of the Iberian Peninsula

Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
  • Taguas, E. V.
  • Nadal-Romero, Estela
  • Ayuso, José Luis
  • Casalí, Javier
  • Cid, Patricio
  • Dafonte, Jorge
  • Canatário-Duarte, Antonio
  • Ferreira, Carla S. S.
  • Giménez, Rafael
  • Giráldez, Juan Vicente
  • Gómez Macpherson, H.
  • Gómez Calero, José Alfonso
  • González Hidalgo, José Carlos
  • Lana-Renault, Noemí
  • Lucía, Ana
  • Mateos, Luciano
  • Pérez Alcántara, Rafael
  • Rodríguez-Blanco, M. Luz
  • Schnabel, Susanne
  • Serrano Muela, M. P.
  • Taboada-Castro, M. Mercedes
  • Taboada-Castro, M. Teresa
  • Zabaleta, Ane
Hydrological signatures are indices that help to describe the behavior of catchments. These indices can also be used to transfer information from gauged to ungauged catchments. In this study, different approaches were evaluated to determine volumetric runoff coefficients in 18 small/medium experimental gauged catchments of the Iberian Peninsula and to fit runoff calculations based on precipitation data for gauged and ungauged catchments. Using data derived from 1962 events, rainfall-runoff relationships were characterized and compared in order to evaluate the various hydrological response patterns. Volumetric runoff coefficients and cumulative runoff and precipitation ratios of the events that generated runoff (R cum ) minimized the root mean square error. A linear fit for the estimation of R cum in ungauged catchments was based on mean annual precipitation, rates of infiltration, the fraction of forest-land use, and the catchment channel length. Despite high catchment heterogeneity, R cum resulted in a suitable parameter to evaluate hydrological variability in rural gauged and ungauged catchments. In 50% of the catchments, the precipitation accounted for less than 50% of the runoff variation. Annual precipitation, antecedent rainfall, and base flow did not have a high significance in rainfall-runoff relationships, which illustrates the heterogeneity of hydrological responses. Our results highlight the need for signature characterizations of small/medium rural catchments because they are the sources of runoff and sediment discharge into rivers, and it is more economical and efficient to take action to mitigate runoff in rural locations., This research was supported by the research projects CGL2015-64284-C2-2-R, CGL2015-64284-C2-1-R, CGL2014-52135-C3-3-R, CGL2015-65569-R, CGL2014-56907-R, and AGL2015-65036-C3-1 funded by the MINECO-FEDER (Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness). E.N.-R. is the beneficiary of a Ramón y Cajal postdoctoral contract (Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness)., Peer reviewed




Relationship of Weather Types on the Seasonal and Spatial Variability of Rainfall, Runoff, and Sediment Yield in the Western Mediterranean Basin

Digital.CSIC. Repositorio Institucional del CSIC
  • Peña-Angulo, Dahis
  • Nadal-Romero, Estela
  • González Hidalgo, José Carlos
  • Albaladejo Montoro, Juan
  • Andreu Pérez, V.
  • Bahri, H.
  • Bernal, Susana
  • Biddoccu, Marcella
  • Bienes, Ramón
  • Campo, Julián
  • Campo-Bescós, M. A.
  • Canatário-Duarte, Antonio
  • Cantón, Yolanda
  • Casalí, Javier
  • Castillo Ruiz, Víctor
  • Cavallo, Eugenio
  • Cerdà, Artemi
  • Cid, Patricio
  • Cortesi, Nicola
  • Desir, Gloria
  • Díaz-Pereira, Elvira
  • Espigares, T.
  • Estrany, Joan
  • Farguell, J.
  • Fernández-Raga, María
  • Ferreira, C. S. S.
  • Ferro, V.
  • Gallart Gallego, Francesc
  • Giménez, R.
  • Gimeno-García, Eugenia
  • Gómez Calero, José Alfonso
  • Gómez-Gutiérrez, Anna I.
  • Gómez Macpherson, H.
  • González-Pelayo, Óscar
  • Kairis, O.
  • Karatzas, G. P.
  • Keesstra, Saskia
  • Klotz, S.
  • Kosmas, C.
  • Lana-Renault, Noemí
  • Lasanta Martínez, Teodoro
  • Latron, Jérôme
  • Lázaro, Roberto
  • Le Bissonnais, Y.
  • Le Bouteiller, C.
  • Licciardello, Feliciana
  • López-Tarazón, José A.
  • Lucía, Ana
  • Marín-Moreno, V. M.
  • Marín, Cinta
  • Marqués, María José
  • Martínez-Fernández, José
  • Martínez-Mena García, M. Dolores
  • Mateos, Luciano
  • Mathys, N.
  • Merino-Martín, L.
  • Moreno de las Heras, Mariano
  • Moustakas, N.
  • Nicolau, J. M.
  • Pampalone, V.
  • Raclot, D.
  • Rodríguez-Blanco, M. Luz
  • Rodrigo Comino, Jesús
  • Romero Díaz, Asunción
  • Ruiz Sinoga, José Damián
  • Rubio, José Luis
  • Schnabel, Susanne
  • Senciales-González, J. M.
  • Solé-Benet, Albert
  • Taguas, E. V.
  • Taboada-Castro, M. Teresa
  • Taboada-Castro, M. Mercedes
  • Todisco, F.
  • Úbeda, Xavier
  • Varouchakis, E. A.
  • Wittenberg, L.
  • Zabaleta, Ane
  • Zorn, M.
Rainfall is the key factor to understand soil erosion processes, mechanisms, and rates. Most research was conducted to determine rainfall characteristics and their relationship with soil erosion (erosivity) but there is little information about how atmospheric patterns control soil losses, and this is important to enable sustainable environmental planning and risk prevention. We investigated the temporal and spatial variability of the relationships of rainfall, runoff, and sediment yield with atmospheric patterns (weather types, WTs) in the western Mediterranean basin. For this purpose, we analyzed a large database of rainfall events collected between 1985 and 2015 in 46 experimental plots and catchments with the aim to: (i) evaluate seasonal differences in the contribution of rainfall, runoff, and sediment yield produced by the WTs; and (ii) to analyze the seasonal efficiency of the different WTs (relation frequency and magnitude) related to rainfall, runoff, and sediment yield. The results indicate two different temporal patterns: the first weather type exhibits (during the cold period: autumn and winter) westerly flows that produce the highest rainfall, runoff, and sediment yield values throughout the territory; the second weather type exhibits easterly flows that predominate during the warm period (spring and summer) and it is located on the Mediterranean coast of the Iberian Peninsula. However, the cyclonic situations present high frequency throughout the whole year with a large influence extended around the western Mediterranean basin. Contrary, the anticyclonic situations, despite of its high frequency, do not contribute significantly to the total rainfall, runoff, and sediment (showing the lowest efficiency) because of atmospheric stability that currently characterize this atmospheric pattern. Our approach helps to better understand the relationship of WTs on the seasonal and spatial variability of rainfall, runoff and sediment yield with a regional scale based on the large dataset and number of soil erosion experimental stations., Spanish Government (Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, MINECO) and FEDER Projects: CGL2014 52135-C3-3-R, ESP2017-89463-C3-3-R, CGL2014-59946-R, CGL2015-65569-R, CGL2015-64284-C2-2-R, CGL2015-64284-C2-1-R, CGL2016-78075-P, GL2008-02879/BTE, LEDDRA 243857, RECARE-FP7, CGL2017-83866-C3-1-R, and PCIN-2017-061/AEI. Dhais Peña-Angulo received a “Juan de la Cierva” postdoctoral contract (FJCI-2017-33652 Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, MEC). Ana Lucia acknowledge the "Brigitte-Schlieben-Lange-Programm". The “Geoenvironmental Processes and Global Change” (E02_17R) was financed by the Aragón Government and the European Social Fund. José Andrés López-Tarazón acknowledges the Secretariat for Universities and Research of the Department of the Economy and Knowledge of the Autonomous Government of Catalonia for supporting the Consolidated Research Group 2014 SGR 645 (RIUS- Fluvial Dynamics Research Group). Artemi Cerdà thank the funding of the OCDE TAD/CRP JA00088807. José Martínez-Fernandez acknowledges the project Unidad de Excelencia CLU-2018-04 co-funded by FEDER and Castilla y León Government. Ane Zabaleta is supported by the Hydro-Environmental Processes consolidated research group (IT1029-16, Basque Government). This paper has the benefit of the Lab and Field Data Pool created within the framework of the COST action CONNECTEUR (ES1306).