Eleccion Social Y Valores Individuales: Teoria Y Aplicaciones

ECO2009-12836

Nombre agencia financiadora Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación
Acrónimo agencia financiadora MICINN
Programa Programa Nacional de Investigación Fundamental
Subprograma Investigación fundamental no-orientada
Convocatoria Investigación fundamental no-orientada
Año convocatoria 2009
Unidad de gestión Subdirección General de Proyectos de Investigación
Centro beneficiario FUNDACIÓN GENERAL DE LA UNIVERSIDAD DE VALLADOLID
Centro realización FUNDACIÓN GENERAL DE LA UNIVERSIDAD DE VALLADOLID
Identificador persistente http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100004837

Eleccion Social Y Valores Individuales: Teoria Y Aplicaciones

ECO2009-12836

Nombre agencia financiadora Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación
Acrónimo agencia financiadora MICINN
Programa Programa Nacional de Investigación Fundamental
Subprograma Investigación fundamental no-orientada
Convocatoria Investigación fundamental no-orientada
Año convocatoria 2009
Unidad de gestión Subdirección General de Proyectos de Investigación
Centro beneficiario UNIVERSITAT POMPEU FABRA CCT
Centro realización UNIVERSITAT POMPEU FABRA (UPF) / UNIVERSIDAD POMPEU FABRA (UPF)
Identificador persistente http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100004837

Eleccion Social Y Valores Individuales: Teoria Y Aplicaciones

ECO2009-12836

Nombre agencia financiadora Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación
Acrónimo agencia financiadora MICINN
Programa Programa Nacional de Investigación Fundamental
Subprograma Investigación fundamental no-orientada
Convocatoria Investigación fundamental no-orientada
Año convocatoria 2009
Unidad de gestión Subdirección General de Proyectos de Investigación
Centro beneficiario UNIVERSITAT DE LLEIDA (UDL) / UNIVERSIDAD DE LLEIDA (UDL)
Centro realización UNIVERSITAT DE LLEIDA (UDL) / UNIVERSIDAD DE LLEIDA (UDL)
Identificador persistente http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100004837

Eleccion Social Y Valores Individuales: Teoria Y Aplicaciones

ECO2009-12836

Nombre agencia financiadora Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación
Acrónimo agencia financiadora MICINN
Programa Programa Nacional de Investigación Fundamental
Subprograma Investigación fundamental no-orientada
Convocatoria Investigación fundamental no-orientada
Año convocatoria 2009
Unidad de gestión Subdirección General de Proyectos de Investigación
Centro beneficiario UNIVERSIDAD CARLOS III DE MADRID (UC3M)
Centro realización UNIVERSIDAD CARLOS III DE MADRID (UC3M)
Identificador persistente http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100004837

Eleccion Social Y Valores Individuales: Teoria Y Aplicaciones

ECO2009-12836

Nombre agencia financiadora Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación
Acrónimo agencia financiadora MICINN
Programa Programa Nacional de Investigación Fundamental
Subprograma Investigación fundamental no-orientada
Convocatoria Investigación fundamental no-orientada
Año convocatoria 2009
Unidad de gestión Subdirección General de Proyectos de Investigación
Centro beneficiario COMISIÓN EUROPEA
Centro realización COMISION EUROPEA
Identificador persistente http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100004837

Eleccion Social Y Valores Individuales: Teoria Y Aplicaciones

ECO2009-12836

Nombre agencia financiadora Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación
Acrónimo agencia financiadora MICINN
Programa Programa Nacional de Investigación Fundamental
Subprograma Investigación fundamental no-orientada
Convocatoria Investigación fundamental no-orientada
Año convocatoria 2009
Unidad de gestión Subdirección General de Proyectos de Investigación
Centro beneficiario UNIVERSIDAD PÚBLICA DE NAVARRA (UPNA)
Centro realización FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS ECONOMICAS Y EMPRESARIALES
Identificador persistente http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100004837

Eleccion Social Y Valores Individuales: Teoria Y Aplicaciones

ECO2009-12836

Nombre agencia financiadora Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación
Acrónimo agencia financiadora MICINN
Programa Programa Nacional de Investigación Fundamental
Subprograma Investigación fundamental no-orientada
Convocatoria Investigación fundamental no-orientada
Año convocatoria 2009
Unidad de gestión Subdirección General de Proyectos de Investigación
Centro beneficiario UNIVERSIDAD DE NAVARRA
Centro realización UNIVERSIDAD DE NAVARRA (UNAV)
Identificador persistente http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100004837

Eleccion Social Y Valores Individuales: Teoria Y Aplicaciones

ECO2009-12836

Nombre agencia financiadora Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación
Acrónimo agencia financiadora MICINN
Programa Programa Nacional de Investigación Fundamental
Subprograma Investigación fundamental no-orientada
Convocatoria Investigación fundamental no-orientada
Año convocatoria 2009
Unidad de gestión Subdirección General de Proyectos de Investigación
Centro beneficiario UNIVERSIDAD PÚBLICA DE NAVARRA (UPNA)
Centro realización UNIVERSIDAD PÚBLICA DE NAVARRA (UPNA)
Identificador persistente http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100004837

Publicaciones

Found(s) 7 result(s)
Found(s) 1 page(s)

Modeling Local Social Migrations: A Cellular Automata Approach

RiuNet. Repositorio Institucional de la Universitat Politécnica de Valéncia
  • Benito-Ostolaza, Juan M
  • Hernandez, Penelope
  • Palacios Marqués, Daniel|||0000-0002-6415-2025
  • Vila, José
In local social migrations, agents move from their initial location looking for a better local social environment. Social migrations processes do not change the number of social agents of a given type (i.e., the empirical distribution of the population) but their spatial location. Although cellular automata seems to appear as a natural approach to model of social migrations, the evolution of the configuration through a cellular automata might induce a new configuration wherein the number of agents of each type might be actually modified. This article provides a characterization of these cellular automata rules such that for any initial empirical distribution, the evolution of the configuration through a cellular automata of such class induces a new configuration with the same empirical distribution as the initial one, as required to model local social migrations. A class of sequences is defined in order to establish a sufficient condition to maintain this invariance property., Support from projects JC2009-00189 and MC238206 is also gratefully acknowledged. J. M. Benito-Ostolaza acknowledges financial support from Project ECO2009-12836 of the Ministry of Science and Innovation of Spain and Project ECO2012-34202 of Ministry of Economy and Competitivity of Spain. Likewise, P. Hernandez and J. Vila thank the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation and the European Feder Funds for financial support under project ECO2010-20584 and ECO2013-46550-R as well as the Prometeo Programme Funds PROMETEO/2009/068 and PROMETEOII/2013/019.




Freedom of choice, John Stuart Mill and the tree of life

Dipòsit Digital de Documents de la UAB
  • Alcalde-Unzu, Jorge
  • Ballester, Miguel Ángel
  • Nieto, Jorge
This essay deals with the notion and content of freedom of choice proposing a new set up and a new family of measures for this concept which is, indeed, an ethical value of paramount importance in a well ordered and open society. Following some ideas of John StuartMill, we propose that freedom of choice has to be understood not in a single stage of choice, but in the ordered collection of choices that a person can make in her life.We then suggest to represent a life in a tree structure, where each node represents a state of life and the edges between nodes will represent possible decisions in life. In this new framework, we propose a set of axioms that imply the following family of measures of lifetime's freedom of choice: the lifetime's freedom of choice has to be evaluated by a weighted sum of all possible states of life an individual might visit, with weights representing the number of decisions the individual took to reach that state.




Uncertainty with ordinal likelihood information

Dipòsit Digital de Documents de la UAB
  • Alcalde-Unzu, Jorge
  • Arlegi, Ricardo
  • Ballester, Miguel Ángel
We present a model that is closely related to the so-called models of choice under complete uncertainty, in which the agent has no information about the probability of the outcomes. There are two approaches within the said models: the state space-based approach, which takes into account the possible states of nature and the correspondence between states and outcomes; and the set-based approach, which ignores such information, and solves certain diculties arising from the state space-based approach. Kelsey [?] incorporates into a state space-based framework the assumption that the agent has ordinal information about the likelihood of the states. This paper incorporates this same assumption into a set-based framework, thus lling a theoretical gap in the literature. Compared to the set-based models of choice under complete uncertainty we introduce the information about the ordinal likelihood of the outcomes while, compared to Kelsey's approach, we incorporate the advantages of describing uncertainty environments from the set-based perspective. We present an axiomatic study that includes adaptations of some of the axioms found in the related literature and we characterize some rules featuring different combinations of information about the ordinal likelihood of the outcomes and information about their desirability.




Freedom of choice: John Stuart Mill and the tree of life

Academica-e. Repositorio Institucional de la Universidad Pública de Navarra
  • 0000-0003-1839-6245
  • Ballester Oyarzun, Miguel Ángel
  • Nieto Vázquez, Jorge
This essay deals with the notion and content of freedom of choice proposing a new set up and a new family of measures for this concept which is, indeed, an ethical value of paramount importance in a well ordered and open society. Following some ideas of John StuartMill, we propose that freedom of choice has to be understood not in a single stage of choice, but in the ordered collection of choices that a person can make in her life.We then suggest to represent a life in a tree structure, where each node
represents a state of life and the edges between nodes will represent possible decisions in life. In this new framework, we propose a set of axioms that imply the following family of measures of lifetime’s freedom of choice: the lifetime’s freedom of choice has to be evaluated by a weighted sum of all possible states of life an individual might visit, with weights representing the number of decisions the individual took to reach that state., Financial support
from the Spanish Ministry of Education through grants ECO2008-04756, ECO2009-11213, ECO2009-
12836, Ramon y Cajal program, FEDER, and the Barcelona Economics Program of CREA is gratefully
acknowledged.




Ranking opportunity profiles through dependent evaluation of policies

Academica-e. Repositorio Institucional de la Universidad Pública de Navarra
  • 0000-0003-1839-6245
  • Ballester Oyarzun, Miguel Ángel
The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10888-011-9165-4, Rankings to evaluate opportunity distributions present in most of the literature judge a policy (change from one distribution of opportunities to another) on the basis of the changes created and, thus, independently of the original situation. This paper proposes a group of axioms capturing the idea that rankings of equality of opportunities might consider not only the changes promoted, but also the initial situation in society. The combination of this group of axioms with other well-established properties enables us to characterize two families of new opportunity distribution rankings. The first family weighs each individual’s percentage share in the total number of opportunities, while the second weighs opportunities depending on how many agents have them available., Financial support
from the Spanish Ministry of Education through grants ECO2008-04756, ECO2009-
11213, ECO2009-12836, Juan de la Cierva and Ramon y Cajal programs, FEDER, and
the Barcelona Economics Program of CREA is gratefully acknowledged.




Uncertainty with ordinal likelihood information

Academica-e. Repositorio Institucional de la Universidad Pública de Navarra
  • 0000-0003-1839-6245
  • 0000-0002-7664-2742
  • Ballester Oyarzun, Miguel Ángel
The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00355-012-0689-8, We present a model that is closely related to the so-called models of choice under complete uncertainty, in which the agent has no information about the probability of the outcomes. There are two approaches within the said models: the state space-based approach, which takes into account the possible states of nature and the correspondence between states and outcomes; and the set-based approach, which ignores such information, and solves certain difficulties arising from the state space-based approach. Kelsey (Int Econ Rev 34:297–308, 1993) incorporates into a state space-based framework the assumption that the agent has ordinal information about the likelihood of the states. This paper incorporates this same assumption into a set-based framework, thus filling a theoretical gap in the literature. Compared to the set-based models of choice under complete uncertainty we introduce the information about the ordinal likelihood of the outcomes while, compared to Kelsey’s approach, we incorporate the advantages of describing uncertainty environments from the set-based perspective. We present an axiomatic study that includes adaptations of some of the axioms found in the related literature and we characterize some rules featuring different combinations of information about the ordinal likelihood of the outcomes and information about their desirability., We acknowledge financial support
from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Technology (Projects ECO2008-04756, ECO2009-11213,
ECO2009-12836 and Ramón y Cajal program), the Junta de Castilla y León (Project VA092A08), FEDER,
and the Barcelona Economics Program of CREA.




Measuring the cohesiveness of preferences: an axiomatic analysis

Academica-e. Repositorio Institucional de la Universidad Pública de Navarra
  • 0000-0003-1839-6245
  • Vorsatz, Marc
The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00355-012-0716-9, In this paper, we axiomatically study how to measure the similarity of preferences in a group of individuals. For simplicity, we refer to this as the cohesiveness. First, we provide axioms that characterize a family of linear and additive measures whose intersection is a partial ordinal criterion similar to first order stochastic dominance. The introduction of some additional properties isolates a one-parameter subfamily. This parameter evaluates the effect on the cohesiveness if one individual changes his ranking on a single pair of objects, as a function of how many of the remaining individuals in the group rank the first object over the second and vice versa. Finally, we characterize the focal measures of this subfamily separately showing that they coincide with measures constructed using two, at first sight, totally different approaches suggested in the literature., The author Jorge Alcalde-Unzu gratefully acknowledges financial support from the
Spanish Ministry of Education and Science, through the projects ECO2009-11213 and ECO2009-12836.
The author Marc Vorsatz gratefully acknowledges financial support from the Spanish Ministry of Education
and Science (through the project ECO2009-07530) and from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness
(through the project ECO2012-31985).