Nombre agencia financiadora Agencia Estatal de Investigación
Acrónimo agencia financiadora AEI
Programa Programa Estatal de I+D+i Orientada a los Retos de la Sociedad
Subprograma Programa Estatal de I+D+i Orientada a los Retos de la Sociedad
Convocatoria Retos Investigación: Proyectos I+D+i
Año convocatoria 2017
Unidad de gestión Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2013-2016
Identificador persistente


Found(s) 5 result(s)
Found(s) 1 page(s)

How many to be different? The role of number and the partner type on innovation performance

Academica-e. Repositorio Institucional de la Universidad Pública de Navarra
  • Ismail, Muhammad
  • 0000-0003-0186-716X
  • 0000-0002-1088-4706
Collaboration with external partners for innovation is seen as a major driver of novel ideas. Previous studies have revealed the importance of collaboration with different partners on innovation performance; however, many questions regarding this association remain unresolved. This study aims to analyse the effects of collaboration with different types of partners on the innovation performance and how the cognitive distance affects this relationship. This study also distinguishes between incremental and radical innovations as outcomes of cooperation, and provides differing implications for the two innovations types. Based on empirical analyses performed on a sample of 12,000 Spanish firms, we found supportive evidence that both radical and incremental innovation require a distinct number of collaboration partners to optimise innovation performance. Further, relationship between the number of partners and innovation performance is moderated by the cognitive distance between the focal firm and the respective partner: positively for radical innovation and negatively for incremental innovation performance., His research was funded and conducted within the frameworks of the following projects: PID2020-115018RB-C31 and (AEI/FEDER, UE) research project financedby the ECO2017-86305-C4-4-R (AEI/FEDER, UE and the European Regional Development Funds; Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation PID2019-105001GB-I00 and PID2020-115018RB-C31(Ministerio de Ciencia eInnovación-Spain; Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities). PY20_01209 (PAIDI 2020)

The link between R&D team diversity and innovative performance: a mediated moderation model

Academica-e. Repositorio Institucional de la Universidad Pública de Navarra
  • 0000-0003-1317-1135
  • 0000-0002-1088-4706
  • García Martínez, Marian
This paper examines how diversity dimensions, namely gender, skills and education, in R&D teams interact to
drive innovation. Our research supports the hypothesis that surface-level diversity might negatively affect R&D
team performance when interacting with deep-level diversity. Further, the study considers the mediating effect
of social capital to extract value from diverse R&D teams. Social capital favours social interaction by developing
harmonious interpersonal relationships among diverse team members. Research hypotheses were tested using
the Spanish Technological Innovation Panel (PITEC) for the period 2008-2015. Our mediated-moderation model
suggests that high diversity in education or skills in gender diverse teams might adversely affect innovation
performance, although the mediating role of R&D social capital diminishes this outcome. This study provides
valuable insights for managers aiming to benefit from diversity in R&D teams while minimizing the conflict and
mistrust associated with excessive diversity., The authors gratefully acknowledge the funding received through the ECO2017-86305-C4-4-R (AEI / FEDER, UE) and RTI2018-093791-B-C21 research projects financed by the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities and the European Regional Development Funds.

Competitive balance in male and female leagues: approximation to the Spanish case

Zaguán. Repositorio Digital de la Universidad de Zaragoza
  • Zambom-Ferraresi, Fabíola
  • García Cebrián, Lucía Isabel
  • Lera-López, Fernando
The fans are the biggest part of the success of sports contests. The competitive equilibrium reflects uncertainty about the outcomes of professional sporting, which attracts the fans’ interest. Thus, the competitive balance (CB) is one of the main issues in sports economics. The objective of this paper is to analyse and compare the CB of male (Liga Santander) and female (Liga Iberdrola) top division leagues of Spanish football. In particular, we consider two aspects of CB: the level of concentration and the level of dominance of a sample composed of six seasons (from 2012/13 to 2017/18). For the concentration analysis, the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI), the ideal HHI competitive balance and deviated HHI (dHHI) are calculated. To analyse the dominance level, the HHI of dominance (HHID) in terms of titles won and top 4 are calculated. The results indicate that Liga Santander (male) is more balanced than the Liga Iberdrola (female). However, these findings do not imply that Liga Santander is balanced. In relation to dominance in terms of titles won, Liga Iberdrola is much better than Liga Santander. However, in terms of the top 4 dominance, both leagues have presented the same results. In this sense, both leagues’ decision makers must act to improve the competitive balance. In spite of the recent increase of media and attendance in the Liga Iberdrola, the lack of CB could be a serious handicap to it becoming a professional league.

Efficiency in European football teams using WindowDEA: analysis and evolution

Zaguán. Repositorio Digital de la Universidad de Zaragoza
  • García Cebrián, Lucía Isabel
  • Zambom-Ferraresi, Fabiola
  • Lera-López, Fernando
The purpose of this paper is to analyze efficiency and its evolution in teams that played in the UEFA Champions League during nine seasons. The aim is to present a research procedure for determining the most accurate data envelopment analysis to estimate and compare the efficiency.

First, the authors analyzed the existence of a temporal trend using the S-statistic. The authors calculated the Kruskal–Wallis statistic to verify if there is stability in relative ranks. The results of the aforementioned tests have indicated that window analysis is an accurate methodology to apply to the sample. The authors analyzed 94 clubs with a sample of 288 observations, obtaining 768 efficiency ratios. They have been calculated using super-efficiency which enables to discriminate efficient units.

Results indicate that there is a low efficiency level in the nine seasons observed. There is a strong correlation between sports results and the efficiency of semifinalists. The authors conclude that improvement in a club’s efficiency could enhance its sports results. Finally, as practical implications, the authors highlight benchmark teams and alternative sports tactics to help clubs become more efficient and achieve better sports results.

This paper contributes to sports efficiency literature by presenting a research procedure to identify the most accurate methodology to be applied to panel data. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this paper is the first empirical study on international football competitions applying WindowDEA to incomplete panel data.

Analysing the relationship between QM, performance appraisal and pay for performance

RiuNet. Repositorio Institucional de la Universitat Politécnica de Valéncia
  • Bayo-Moriones, Alberto
  • Torre-Martínez, María Rocío de la
[EN] The purpose of this paper is to analyse the relationship between quality management, performance appraisal and pay for performance in a sample of 203 manufacturing plants (including firms that do not apply quality management) in Spain employing at least 20 workers. We make a distinction between collaboration with suppliers, customer focus and the use of quality tools. This consideration of quality management as multidimensional will help to disentangle the complex interrelationships with performance appraisal and pay for performance. Our findings point to a positive association of customer focus, collaboration with suppliers and quality tools with performance appraisal evaluating results and behaviours. Regarding pay for performance, closer collaboration with customers is positively related to individual pay for performance. The use of quality tools is positively related to individual and firm pay for performance. The managerial implications point out that there is still room for improving the effectiveness of quality initiatives by incorporating changes in pay for performance and performance appraisal oriented to the adaptation to the principles of quality management. From the theoretical perspective, our paper underlines the importance of not considering quality management as a unidimensional reality when examining its relationship with other management practices., The first author acknowledges the funding received from the Spanish Ministry of Science (project ECO2017-86305-C4-4-R, AEI/FEDER, UE).